Sample Research Proposal Paper on – Surgeries to Reduce Obesity
Weight-loss or bariatric surgeries help people to lose weight and limit health risks that are related to obesity. These surgeries are technological alternatives to other methods of reducing obesity that have proved ineffective in treating extreme cases of the condition. Bariatric surgeries reduce body weight through restriction and malabsorption. Restriction reduces the amount of food that the stomach can store hence limiting the calories taken in. Malabsorption either shortens or bypasses the Ileum to reduce the amount of calories absorbed into the body. There are four types of Bariatric surgeries including: Duodenal switch and biliopancreatic distraction, roux-en-Y gastric bypass, Sleeve gastrectomy, and Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band. The choice of the type of Bariatric surgery depends on the severity of obesity, the Body Mass Index(BMI), effectiveness of non-surgery methods of reducing weight, and the risks likely to be encountered.
The Final Report will cover Bariatric surgeries in details by including a number of sections. The paper will contain eight sections: The abstract, the introduction, the literature review, methods and materials, results, discussion, conclusion, and the bibliography. In the abstract, a brief summary of all the parts of the paper will be given. The introduction will give a brief overview of bariatric surgeries and their history. The literature review will preview what authors in the medical technology field have written about bariatric surgeries. The methods and materials will give a brief overview of the means in which information about the topic was retrieved. The discussion part of paper will be comprehensive and include: Types of Bariatric surgeries and mode of action, factors considered when choosing the appropriate surgery, post-surgery interventions, and their side effects. The conclusion part will summarize the whole paper and give other types of bariatric surgeries that are yet to be tested. The following are some of the journal articles and website that will be considered in sourcing information about bariatric surgeries.
Works Cited (To be Reviewed)
Bloomberg, Richard D., et al. “Nutritional deficiencies following bariatric surgery: what have we
learned?.” Obesity surgery 15.2 (2005): 145-154.
Buchwald, Henry, and Danette M. Oien. “Metabolic/bariatric surgery worldwide 2008.” Obesity
surgery 19.12 (2009): 1605-1611.
Buchwald, Henry, and Stanley E. Williams. “Bariatric surgery worldwide 2003.” Obesity surgery
14.9 (2004): 1157-1164.
Garb, Jane, et al. “Bariatric surgery for the treatment of morbid obesity: a meta-analysis of
weight loss outcomes for laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and laparoscopic gastric bypass.” Obesity surgery 19.10 (2009): 1447-1455.
Hess, Douglas S., and Douglas W. Hess. “Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch.”
Obesity Surgery 8.3 (1998): 267-282.
Higa, Kelvin D., Keith B. Boone, and Tienchin Ho. “Complications of the laparoscopic Roux-en-
Y gastric bypass: 1,040 patients-what have we learned?.” Obesity surgery 10.6 (2000): 509-513.
Hubbard, Van S., and William H. Hall. “Gastrointestinal surgery for severe obesity.” Obesity
surgery 1.3 (1991): 257-265.
Lee, Wei-Jei, and Weu Wang. “Bariatric surgery: Asia-pacific perspective.” Obesity surgery 15.6
Magro, Daniéla Oliveira, et al. “Long-term weight regain after gastric bypass: a 5-year
prospective study.” Obesity Surgery 18.6 (2008): 648-651.
Regan, J. P., et al. “Early experience with two-stage laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass as an
alternative in the super-super obese patient.” Obesity surgery 13.6 (2003): 861-864.