In most cases, when individuals think about motor sport, they tend to attached higher significance to elements like racing, karting and rallying, which are only few types of motor sport (Coombs & Batchelor, 2013). According to the 2013 report, which was released by the UK Motor Sport Association (MSA), there are numerous kinds of motor sports, and the range covers sports from high speed circuit racing to those considered low speed trials as well as racing on slippery mountain sides, streets, ridges and bent tracks (Ellison, 2014). Today, people recognize the fact that motor sport is diverse in its set and such diversity is a factor that enhances the strength of the sport, making sure that there is at least an area for every sport lover to participate. Even through studies recognize the fact that there are many of such kind of sport, this paper focuses on stock car racing as one of the most distinct type of motor sport based on it social, cultural and economic impact across global communities (Graves & Smith, 2010). In relation to stock car racing as one of the motor sports, the study will pay significant attention to factors such as historical implications, the relevant economic issues, specific cultural attributes and even the science behind the need for stock car racing. In other words, the paper will explore or provide analysis of the contribution and subsequent impact of stock car racing.
The historical implication
Stock car racing is known to have originated from the Southern Appalachians, and based on its colourful past, the motor sport has growth to become one important sports across Europe and Western countries (Historical snapshot of stock car racing technology, 2000). The motor sport developed from stories of “good old boys’ who used to transport illegal loads on moons’ light. The old boys had the tendency of trying to elude revenue agents as they drove along the twisting busy roads at high speed (close to 125 miles/hour) without headlights. From the activities that were seen as poor habits of racers, the needs to compete and identify who had the fastest car for daily transportation led to weekend races, especially along curved out tracks, pastures and in corn fields. In around 1948, a renowned racer, Bill France, saw the need to formalize the sport and organize competition among street racers (Historical snapshot of stock car racing technology, 2000). This effort immediately led to the incorporation of the event among the motor sports and subsequent establishment of National Association for SCAR (Stock Car Auto Racing), which has todays grown to become a prominent stock car racing organization just like Formula 1 (Historical snapshot of stock car racing technology, 2000). As the case stands, stock car racing has grown and now provides opportunity for hell-bent-for-leather drivers who find it reasonable to drive for gas money. In the past years, the racing sport opened other opportunities for millionaires from the south and drivers who through proper training can race at tracks (Historical snapshot of stock car racing technology, 2000). Such races attract huge crowds from within the country and across other countries, a factors that has different economic, social and cultural implications on the country’s operations.
Cultural and economic issues
Stock car racing has become one of the largest spectator motor sport in USA drawing close to fifteen million fans across the country annually (Graves & Smith, 2010). From the recent statistics released by the Stock Racing Car Association, the sport continuously grow in popularity and having significant impact on the fan base, which slow shifts from the usual south male blue-collar employees to the various mainstreams across USA (Coombs & Batchelor, 2013). With today’s changes in the perceptions of fan and the entire population, it is true to mention that close to 40 percent of the fans are female with males accounting for the remaining 60 percent. Majority of the female fans own their homes, use credit cards, are professionals or specific managers in different companies. To be precise, over 44 percent of female fans earn above 40,000 dollars every year and this is a prediction that unlike in the past, the country’s economy has become even more supportive (Graves & Smith, 2010). One female fan states that the brand loyalty of the sport fan has always remained legendary and where one of the favourite drivers is sponsored by a company producing soft drink, they tend to spend a lot of money on that particular product. For example, the Coca-Cola Company is currently one of the sponsors of the events, and the consumption of the company’s product among the stock sport fans has grown higher (Coombs & Batchelor, 2013). This means that the company is experiencing huge market souvenirs since almost every fan is likely to 250 dollars on a sport jacket or 20 dollars to buy a tee shirt. The company’s products are branded stock car sport, and therefore ensuring higher sales and profit growth. The impact becomes even higher when we narrow down to national economy, since the higher sales and revenues collected, for example, creates a base for expanding economic activities (Ellison, 2014).
The increasing number fan across the country makes it possible for the government to develop new speedways within urban centres like Kansas City and provide proper maintenance of old speedways in major states like Chicago. The opening of new speed ways means an expansion in economic activities since each year people stream in to have a taste of the sport events (Ellison, 2014). At the same time, the US national and local media tend to benefit from the sport events since they get the opportunity to provide live coverage for huge fans at home. Based on the mentioned evidences, it is now clear that stock car racing is a force towards national economic growth and also plays a significant role as part of the country’s culture towards ensuring social integration and national commitments (Coombs & Batchelor, 2013).
The Science behind stock car racing technology
In early days, stock car racing was never interesting as it today since the sport event was highly associated with street boys. One other factor that made the sport unfavourable was the conditions within which the drivers operated (Graves & Smith, 2010). The sport essentially had no regulations and it became a common practice among racers to buy bran-new cars from dealers and engage in track races without understanding the rules of the game. The first change as far as the game is concerned followed the creation of NASCAR in 1947; a body charged with the responsibility of ensuring that stock car racers operate according to the set rules. The establishment of the organization led to the creation of standard rules as well as the establishment of techniques of choosing a national champion among the many drivers (Ellison, 2014). The organization focuses on individual performances in the races across the country and ability to play according to the set of rules governing the sport.
Apart from the rules and principles of the game, the original races that were hoisted across the country were run of dirty tracks, which were in most cases rutted and bumpy (Graves & Smith, 2010). As a result, the car drivers nurtured numerous wounds due to the unmodified cars, which were considered weak to sustain the rutted and bumpy tracks. In response to the challenges drivers were facing at that moment, NASCAR started allowing drivers to modify cars and to increase their durability and stability throughout the racing events (Ellison, 2014). Over the years, drivers have been concentrating on car modification to increase safety and also improve on the level of competition. Even though race drivers have the right to modify cars based on their tastes, NASCAR still pays a role in controlling the all the modifications to ensure that drivers comply with the rules spelled at every race.
The modifications allowed by NASCAR has made the stock car racers to have little similarities with other street cars like Formula 1. Some of the modifications have led to common features like bodies built from flat sheet metals, well assembled engines that are fit with bare blocks and properly fit frame, which is made out of steel tubing. All the modifications are handmade and can be adjusted at any time according to the changes in racing rules (Graves & Smith, 2010). The technology behind the usability of stock car racers retails around car components like frame, body, engine, and tires, which are scientifically built and remain key towards providing safety and higher stability during competition. The stock car frames are built from highly fabricated structures that are either round or square depending on the taste of the driver. The steel tubing of various thickness surrounding the driver include the role cage protects the driver against any type of crash. The front and rear clips are unique in their structure in the sense that they can crush two cars hit each other or a wall, and this collapsible characteristic is able to push the engine from the bottom so that there are no severe damages on the engine.
The body of the car is developed from a unique shape as determined by NASCAR rules. Every car is developed from 30 plates with each plate or template shaped according to the contour of the racing car (Graves & Smith, 2010). At the centre of the car is the biggest plate, which must be fitted from front back to allow space for the driver to move freely. Similarly, the car engine is give much power to operate for several hours without any failure. For example, engines are custom-made with race-engine blocks for higher speed and performance. the car engines are extremely different from street car engines in the sense that they are large (approximately 358 cubic inches); have radical cam structures with open intake valves; have intake and exhaust tuned according to drivers preference to provided different speed levels; have carburettors that can allows huge amount of air and fuel so that there is not fuel injection; have higher-intensity and programmable ignition systems that are important in spark timing according to the engine power and; also have subsystems such as engine coolant and oil pumps fitted to sustain very high speed and temperature. The unique characteristics allow the stock car racers to operate at very high speed, but still remain very stable throughout the races.
Significant contribution and the subsequent impacts on racing
It is important to recognize the contribution of science and technology, peoples’ attitudes, and individuals’ preferences and the subsequent impacts on stock car racing. From the discussions above, it is evident that technology plays important roles in determining the quality of races organized across the country (Allender, 2011). Through science and technology, it becomes possible to design and decorate cars based on the diverse needs of drivers and stock car race fans. The design process ensures that drivers are safe and able to continue with the races without any failures. The ability to complete the races as planned motivates fans and allows them to participate through active support to their desired drivers (Burt, 2003).
One contribution on the stock car racing retails around the fact that majority of racers can now operate on the three D’s of speed without crashing with fellow drivers. The three D’s of speed include down-force, drafting and drag in which case the training include the use of classroom materials and well trained teachers (Allender, 2011). With such classroom set ups, the focus today is to impart and develop world class stock racers right from childhood. The NASCAR today aims at developing kids to understand the connections and the differences among some of the sub-disciplines like science, engineering, mathematics and technology and how they apply in stock car racing.
For this reason, people can now see stock car racing as distinct sport among the sporting elements commonly hoisted for the purposes of car racing, passing and winning. Today, it appears that every individual appreciates the relationship between science and stock car racing, and the contribution is ever experienced among students (Burt, 2003). For example, one teacher in Columbia states that one of the biggest teaching challenge is keeping students attentive throughout the class session. However, for a science class, introducing a topic about stock racer cars raises the interests of students who at that point will remain attentive and also be able derive meaning from the concept taught.
Apart from facilitating classwork discussions, stock car racing is considered one of the greatest sports where individuals can go and get the experience of social connections, especially after work (Allender, 2011). The event creates opportunity for people from different regions across the world to come together and share their personal experiences and living styles. In other words, the stock car racing offers a platform for individuals to share on their social and economic differences, and identify the gaps for comparison and adjustments (Burt, 2003). In general, stock car racing is one of the main kind of motor sport in America that for a longer time has had significant impact on the country’s sport culture and economic performances. From the discussions above, the sport car racing brings together people from different cities with different ethnic and social backgrounds together. The sport event allows the individuals to compare and share common interests for the purposes of ensuring economic and social progress.
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