Healthy people 2020 Agenda
Education and Community-Based Programs
Quality and health of life depend on various factors and systems, mostly on well-functioning health and medical care system. However, making developments within existing systems, such as improving policies and programs effectively improves the health of many individuals in the community. For the community to perform well in the health sector, its members must change aspects of the social, physical, political and organizational environments. Changes may involve developing policies, programs, and practices, changing aspects of the organizational and physical infrastructure and changing community beliefs, attitude, or social norms. In situations where community promotions activities are developed by organization or department, organizers have the task of engaging the community. The vision of health individuals in health communities is attainable only if the community, in its full social, economic and cultural diversity, is an authentic partner in developing the conditions of health (Bellamy,Bolin& Gamm, 2011).
Objectives of Education and Community Based Programs
The first objective is to increase the proportion of head start programs that contain health guidance to reduce health problems that may result from theuse of tobacco, alcohol or other drugs. Secondly, the proportion of elementary, high school, senior and middle should be increasedto provide comprehensive health education to reduce health problems in areas such as violence, suicide, addiction and use of tobacco (Bellamy,Bolin& Gamm, 2011). The third objective is to increase the proportion of high schools, middle and elementary with health care objectives and goals that address the skills and knowledge highlighted in the National Health Education Standards. Fourth, education and wellness should be increased in middle, elementary and senior high schools in hand washing to increase oral health, sun safety, and prevention of cancer. Fifth, the proportion of senior school and elementary should be raised to have a full-time registered ratio of school nurse-to- student. The six objectivesentail increasing the number of high schools education graduatestoincrease awareness. Seventh is that the proportion of college and university students should be increasedto receive information on the priority health risk behavior areas hence reduce the use of drugs and prevents disorders such as HIV. Eight is that proportion of worksites should be increasedto offer employees with health promotion programs. Ninth, theproportion of employees should be increasedto sponsor health promotion activities. Finally, community- based organizations should be increasedto provide population-based primary prevention services (Helduser, 2015).
Bellamy, G. R., Bolin, J. N., & Gamm, L. D. (2011). Rural Healthy People 2010, 2020, and Beyond. Family & Community Health, 34(2), 182-188. doi:10.1097/fch.0b013e31820dea1c
Bolin, J. N., Bellamy, G. R., Ferdinand, A. O., Vuong, A. M., Kash, B. A., Schulze, A., & Helduser, J. W. (2015). Rural Healthy People 2020: New Decade, Same Challenges. The Journal of Rural Health, 31(3), 326-333. doi:10.1111/jrh.12116