Sample Paper on Formal Outline on Unemployment


  1. Definition of unemployment: state either where people are looking for work actively, while in other employment or when they do not have a job at all.
  2. The outcome of unemployment on the social welfare of individuals
  3. Unemployed individuals face many challenges as their living standard is decreased.
  4. Unemployment does not only make the individuals unable to afford high-quality medical attention but it also is a major cause of some of the health conditions such as depression.
  • The longer the duration that one spends being unemployed the greater the chances of developing health problems.
  1. Unemployment is a major cause of high morbidity and mortality rates.
  2. Risk factors associated with unemployment
  3. Social withdrawal- this is as a result of the inferiority feeling that unemployed individuals feel due to their economic status.
  4. Family disruption: The poor financial status that results from unemployment may lead to conflicts and misunderstandings in families.
  • Lower levels of children’s accomplishments: Long-term unemployment affects the level of accomplishment of the children in relation to access to high quality education.
  1. Loss of lives through means such as suicide. Most of unemployed individuals may contemplate suicide as a result of the frustration they feel for failure to meet their needs.
  2. The relationship between crime and unemployment
  3. The poor individuals as a way of meeting their basic needs commit criminal activities in most cases.
  4. Other crimes such as murder may also be associated with unemployment as the unemployed individuals may have emotional and psychological challenges that may result into the criminal acts.
  • There is a direct link between labor market trends and criminal rates. This is an indication that unemployment is a major cause of criminal activities (Raphael & Winter‐Ebmer, 2001)
  1. Thesis statement: This paper seeks to investigate the relationship between unemployment and social challenges that affect the welfare of individuals negatively.
  2. Literature review
  3. Social impacts of unemployment on individuals
  4. Social withdrawal: The individuals may alienate themselves from the other members of the society who are unemployed due to the feeling of inferiority.
  5. Decline in the health status: The individuals may not afford medical cover and this has a negative impact on the quality of health they are likely to have. There is a direct relationship between an individual’s health and their financial status .
  6. Loss of income: The unemployed individuals may not have the income required to meet their basic needs and this has a negative impact on their well-being.
  7. Loss of self-esteem. Studies have established a close link between employment and high self esteem of individuals. Unemployment is thus a major cause of decline in the social status of the employees, a fact lowers their self-esteem.
  8. Social impacts of unemployment on the society
  9. Impact on the life expectancy: The life expectancy of individuals is reduced by the long-term impacts of unemployment due to the anguish that the individuals suffer (Price, Choi & Vinokur, 2002).
  10. A feeling of insecurity among employees: The productivity of the current employees may lower due to the lack of job security.
  11. Stigma: The rest may stigmatize the unemployment members of the society and this may lead to their social exclusion.
  12. Social impacts of unemployment on the economy
  13. Reduced welfare of the individuals: The government may not be able to meet the social needs of the citizens due to the financial costs of unemployment it incurs.
  14. Reduction in economic growth: The spending power of unemployed individuals is reduced due to the lack of income and this affects economic growth.
  15. Data and methods
  16. Qualitative research methods: Sample size, Critique of the sample size, Major findings (Verd, 2004)
  17. Sources of method bias in social science research and recommendations on how to control it: sample size, critique of the sample size; major findings (Podsakoff, MacKenzie & Podsakoff, 2012).
  • Theories
  1. Social conflict theory: The government has adequate resources to stimulate the economy leading to high employment; the employers should not exploit the employees through unfair remuneration.
  2. Functionalism: Unemployment serves the purpose of misery to the individuals and the society; through unemployment, it is hard for the economy to achieve growth and development.
  3. Symbolic interactionism: Unemployment leads to the social withdrawal of individuals; Unemployment leads to a rise in criminal activities.
  4. Conclusion
  5. The paper addresses the major impacts of unemployment on the social welfare of individuals.
  6. However, there is need to carry out more research on the link between unemployment and criminal activities.
  7. Further research on the methods that the government can use to end unemployment is required.

Bambra, C., & Eikemo, T. (2008). Welfare state regimes, unemployment and health: a       comparative study of the relationship between unemployment and self-reported health in       23 European countries. Journal of epidemiology and community health, jech-2008.

Bartley, M. (1994). Unemployment and ill health: understanding the relationship. Journal of epidemiology and community health48(4), 333-337.

Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2012). Sources of method bias in social science research and recommendations on how to control it. Annual review of psychology63, 539-569.

Price, R. H., Choi, J. N., & Vinokur, A. D. (2002). Links in the chain of adversity following job loss: how financial strain and loss of personal control lead to depression, impaired functioning, and poor health. Journal of occupational health psychology7(4), 302.

Raphael, S., & Winter‐Ebmer, R. (2001). Identifying the effect of unemployment on crime*. Journal of Law and Economics44(1), 259-283.

Verd, J. M. (2004). Qualitative research