Sample Essay Paper on Ethnography

An ethnographic study of the people of India was carried out through observation and survey. Indians originate from India and have diverse and complicated lifestyles. The study seeks to find out Indian diversity in terms of culture, lifestyles, and relations. The objective of the study is to focus on the diversity of the communities in relation to the international culture. This study also highlighted diverse concepts of globalization culture. To carry out the study in the entire nation, the researchers observed the Indians at different places. They visited major towns and villages for further observation of the lifestyles and the cultures of people.

The people of India additionally known as the Bharatiya are the second in terms of population worldwide. Their culture is rich and their history and lifestyle complicated. Indians in Diaspora are widespread in all the continents, thereby summing up to around 20 million. These people came up with great dynasties in the Asian history during medieval times. Dynasties include the Satavahana and Rashtrakuta dynasties and Gupta, Chola and Chalukya empires. In each period, each dynasty and empire ruled and conquered in all aspects of life, politically and economically. The Gupta Empire for instance witnessed the resurgence of the intellectual and Hindu religion. Much of its civilization, organization, religious conviction, and background extended to the rest of Asia. Southern India made commerce relations with Roman Empire during those periods.  It is in this period that mathematicians came up with the theory of the decimal and zero. During the medieval period, the Indians secured the position of being the greatest intellectuals in fields such as mathematics and astronomy. This saw the nation known for great contributions, such as calculus in mathematics.

From the studies, it is apparent that India is the origin of Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism as world’s great religions. Hinduism and Buddhism assume third and fourth place internationally in terms of majority and its spread with more than 2 billion followers. These religions are diverse and possess rich cultures, just as the people. To the public, religion is central and defines the roles of everyone. On the contrary, atheism and agnostics are practiced within the same boundary. Minor religions include Christianity in Meghalaya and Nagaland. There is no proper definition of the religions in this place, yet everyone ascribes to a particular religion.

Caste system socially defines the Indian population. These sections are hereditary endogamous with the Gotras being exogamous. Castes are prominent in the rural villages whereas in the cities barriers have broken them down. Several ethnic groups speak are diverse in their own languages and are defined by unique cultural traditions. There are diverse forms of music in India, which influence the spiritual, cultural and social lives of the public. Classical music incorporates the Carnatic and Hindustan as a tradition, while music such as the folk, popular and the R& B music are generally. Similar to music, dances cover a wide variety from ancient to modern styles. Each dancing style represents a particular deity. For instance, there are Shiva, Ramayana, Krishna and Durga. Folk dances such as bhangra and Garba are widely practiced in all seasons. Special dances define specific seasons and festivals. Classical dances are diverse in terms of origin. The communities as a background define the essential tradition and ways of life of everyone in India. Thus, India possesses rich cultures in the world.