Sample Book Review Paper on Sociology in the Underground: Karl Marx

Karl Marx through his theory distinctively defined how social class is formed (social stratification). In his argument, Karl Marx believed that the Western society had immerged and developed through four main periods in time. The primitive communism (of hunters and gatherers), ancient society (of masters and slaves), feudal society (of Lords and serfs) and capitalist society (of bourgeoisies and proletariats). Karl Marx was the first theorist to come to grips with the realities of social conflicts and instead of wishing them away, he doomed himself to a life in the underground. His sociology confirmed his fears of eminent disaster, and Marx came to see himself as the nineteenth century Jeremiah, prophesying destruction of capitalist society. He suspected a system that was bound to fail and probably bring its own destruction. Ideally, Marx believed that capitalism confined society into social inequality, commodification and exploitation of labor.

The relevance of Karl Max theories has taken a center stage in defining today’seconomic turbulence. His ideas have endured the test of time and came out triumphant, as even majority of the enemies of Marxism have been compelled to reluctantly accept. The world economic crisis as evident in the collapse of 2008 revealed the essenceand significance Karl Marx theory. The crisis entangling Euro shows that the bourgeoisie society is unable to solve economic problems in Greece, Italy and Spain which ideally threaten the future of the European common currency and even the stability of European Union Itself. The most recent sign of instability is the exit of Britain from European Union. Even majority of bourgeois societies have been compelled to accept what is becoming increasingly palpable that capitalism system contains within itself the seed of its own destruction.

Karl Marx lived in era of industrial revolution and a time when society was being shaped by the forces of bourgeoisie society. In order to survive in this era, a person was expected to remain “loyal” to the government and systems of the day.  However, Marx rose to challenge the system by writing different articles that were banned in different countries.Marx arguments were considered hostile and controversial, as they were founded in the notion of alienation and possible solution in communism (Collins and Makowsky 37). The controversy of Marx’s arguments led the government of the day to expel him from one nation after another. His life as a political exile confined him to reason beyond national borders. Despite numerous attacks and attempts to demean Marx’s contribution, no-one can deny that he vividly altered the course of human history.


Work Cited

Collins, Randall, Michael Makowsky, and Jack Douglas. “The discovery of society.” (1998).