A post-racial society is a theory linked to the United States given that race and immigration are majorly connected to people moving in from the different background. A post-racial society is characterized by the nonexistence of racial conflict and discrimination that previously existed in the society (Dawson, 2009). Different groups from diverse racial society had their differences with some groups undermining the rights of others. This is brought about by the movement and interaction of different groups in the society. The post-racial society theory is associated with the United States given that it hosts the highest number of immigrants from different racial backgrounds (Lum, 2009). Each of these racial groups comes from different cultural practices and beliefs that are still being practiced by some groups.
Most of the parents hit their kids as a form of instilling discipline, which is considered necessary. However, there is a varied range of how people define the acceptable and frequency in administering punishment. The reason for hitting children is always the same, to correct or discipline their behavior by causing physical pain. A short-term effect of instilling physical pain alters children’s behavior, but in the end, it may affect the emotional development especially among African American with low-income status (Ember, 2005).
Corporal punishment is a punishment meant to cause physical pain specifically to minors in their homes and at ties school setting. The methods of punishment differ according to the severity, frequency, and type of punishment. Initially, inflicting pain as a mode of punishment is dated to the ancient times where extreme punishment was used to punish the offenders. Most of these punishments back then were viewed to be brutal and have since been eliminated from the society. The beating of children is considered severe especially relating to the Black community. There are articles that date the origin of beating children back to the slavery days where corporal punishment acted as a motivator to work (Lenta, 2012). It has currently been transformed as a way of disciplining children in the society, but there are consequences that arise at the end in terms of development and future behavior in the society.
Children especially from the African American community with low-income status react differently from living in houses using corporal punishment as a form of disciplining them. One of the long-term, effect of corporal punishment is there is a higher threat for mental health complications, ranging from anxiety and hopelessness to alcohol and drug misuse. Children who constantly experience severe punishment usually end up in a miserable state trying to do anything to forget these experiences. Most of them are withdrawn and show aggressive characters in time. Corporal punishment creates fear, and it results in control of behavior in the short run, but in a broader perspective, it affects the emotional development and relation in the society.
Corporal punishment also has an adverse effect on a child that results in decreased intellectual aptitude in early childhood (Straus, 2001). The use of physical discipline reduces the ability of children performing better in their classwork. The thinking capacity and skills among children who are severely punished and those who receive little or no corporal punishment are different with those receiving corporal punishment having lower cognitive ability.
In conclusion, punishing a child in an inhumane manner has a major impact on their psychological, emotional and physical aspects of life. In many cases, this has resulted in depression and even suicidal thoughts among the teenagers if the matter is not resolved at an early stage. This is due to the perception that children develop after being inhumane that they are not of worth in the society and that their efforts are not appreciated. This is a common setting for low self-esteem among teenagers. Punishment is critical in managing the character and behavior of a teenager, but there has to be a limit for parents, guardians, and even instructors to consider in determining the type of punishment to consider for the teenagers. Therefore, there is a need for more awareness on the extent of punishment on children and the possible impact of the same on their physical and mental capabilities.
Dawson, M. C. (2009). One year later and the myth of a post-racial society. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 06(02), 247-249.
Ember, C. R. (2005). Explaining Corporal Punishment of Children. A Cross‐Cultural Study. American Anthropologist, 107(4), 609-619.
Lenta, P. (2012). Corporal punishment of children. Social Theory and Practice, 38(4), 689-716.
Lum, L. (2009). The Obama era: a post-racial society? Diverse Issues in Higher Education, 25(26), 14.
(2001). In M. A. Straus, Beating the devil out of them: Corporal punishment in American families and its effects on children (pp. 57-93). Piscataway, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.