Sample Science Paper on Pros and Cons of Human Cloning Technology

The idea of human cloning has moved from mere scientific fiction to reality since the
cloning of first mammal, the Dolly sheep. The dignity of human lives has threatened the
development of human cloning technology. While this has resulted to inevitable concerns
questioning the credibility of human cloning technology, major concerns exist on pros and cons
of human cloning.
Cloning technology is known to create diversity in genes replica. As a process, it involves
production of daughter cells that are identical to the original genes. Therefore, if well utilized,
cloning can largely be used as a cure for infertility issues among human beings (Devolder &
Gyngell). Couples with problems could apply the technology by using a donor embryo carried by
a surrogate whereby the child will be genetically related to the parents. In the similar way,
couples with hardships in producing sperm or ovum could apply the technology to produce
offspring who are genetically identical. The method is thus, friendly to humans who find it hard
to reproduce through other known fertility methods
Elsewhere, humans are known to exhibit variety of health conditions that are times
undesirable. In some cases, parents may not necessarily want a child that is genetically identical.
In this case, human cloning technology may be used to increase health and well being of
offsprings (Devolder & Gyngell). Most hereditary disorders that are associated with genome
content can be eradicated through human cloning. Consequently, this leads to genetics

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transformation whereby children are made according to specifications (Shih, 11). The idea of is
further justified on the moral grounds in which human beings should be saved and protected
from extinction from the perspective of moral laws. By doing this, the moral dignity of human
beings survival will be attained.
On the other hand, human cloning has been perceived as immoral from the lenses of
religious, social, cultural and moral grounds. The technology harbors numerous legal and ethical
issues that go against fundamental rights of humans to health, procreation, and freedom of
thoughts (Lavi, 3). Human cloning is considered as an artificial engineering of human cells
which may be destructive. It is a notorious process whereby, manipulation of human embryos
could lead to development of controversial humans with questionable traits due to genetic
Moreover, cloning as a biotechnological process is innately unsafe. Generally, majority
of the cloning experiments that have been done to date have ended in serious failures (Shih, 55).
Based on experience from cloned animals, the animals die at younger ages. Furthermore, they
suffer from premature still births, diseases such as arthritis, and tumors among other
complications. Human cloning could further mean that the world would be full of homogenized
ideal humans characterized by one based attribute. The scenario would deprive the world of
diversity, energized mixes of people, and unique talents that are witnessed today. Therefore, the
safety of the cloning technology remains a major public concern that needs critical assessment.
Human cloning s a procedure is encompassed with both advantages and disadvantages in
its application. The considerations surrounding the benefits and risks associated with the
procedure should venture on respecting the dignity of human lives, respects for their rights, and

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respect to familial life. When done from an ethical ground, cloning technology on humans could
lead to greater advantages in medicine fraternity. However, major concerns exist in case of
genetic manipulation which could lead to the development of controversial human race. The
technology should be implemented on full respect to international laws.

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Works Cited

Devolder, Katrien, and Christopher Gyngell. “Human Cloning: Arguments For.” ELS, Jan. 2017, pp.
1–4, doi:10.1002/9780470015902.a0005224.pub2.
Lavi, Shai. “Cloning International Law: The Science and Science Fiction of Human Cloning and Stem-
Cell Patenting.” Law, Culture and the Humanities, vol. 14, no. 1, Mar. 2014, pp. 83–99,
SHIH, CHING-POU. Moral and Legal Issues Concerning ContemporaryHuman Cloning Technology :
Quest ForRegulatory Consensus in the InternationalCommunity to Safeguard Rights and
LibertiesEssential to the Future of Humanity. 2013,