Sample Research Paper on Criminological theory

The concept of social context plays a critical role in the conception and development of
crime theories and their integration with criminal justice policies. All the theories proposed to
demystify crime all endure the influence of the period they are developed. The social context is
an inherent phenomenon within crime theories, which are critical to influencing the development
of criminal justice policies. According to Lilly et al. (2014), the interactive process between
theory and policies legitimizes both concepts within a given social scope. However, social
contexts can create biases and influence the perceptions about the occurrence of crime, which
affects not only the development of theory but also the adoption and implementation of a policy.
That said, it is critical to recognize the significance of social contexts in the conceptualization of
theories, policy formulation, and perceptions about the outcomes of these interactive processes
(Lilly et al., 2014). Criminology proponent emphasizes that scholars need to examine and
understand the process through which societies classify specific issues as criminal justice issues
and formulate policies in response to these addition scholars must explore the
factors that influence those processes, including ideologies from different theorists. Lastly,
proponents emphasize that it is critical to evaluate to understand the implementation of different
policies and associated outcomes.
The interactive process between theories and policies can have significant outcomes in
the social context. Psychological and social theorists conceptualize different theories to explain
what causes crime in society (Posick, 2018). These attempts to answer the question of the origin
of crime produce strikingly different answers, which are then used to influence the development
and implementation of criminal justice policies in the attempt to reduce crime rate within a social

scope. Consequently, the emerging social and psychological theories provide the rationale for the
adoption of different strategies to address the various forms of crime in different social settings.



Lilly, J. R., Cullen, F. T., & Ball, R. A. (2014). Criminological theory: Context and
consequences. SAGE Publications.
Posick, C. (2018). The future of criminological theory. The Development of Criminological
Thought, 191-200.