Sample Research Paper on Psychosocial theory of ageing

The main aim of the research paper is to develop an understanding of the continuity
theory among the psycho-social theories of ageing which will impact the chances of
increased dementia. A detailed justification of the research analyses of the significance of a
psycho-social theory and their usefulness in encountering dementia will be addressed. The
study has been conducted with precise qualitative approach referring to the aspect of the need
for psycho-social theories as referred in the context of several academic journals and research
papers this is good, however, reword to simpler words, we are not using a quantitative
approach, you are reviewing the literature about a psychosocial theory. The study has also
ensured a pretext, which claims to justify and analyse the choice of a particular psycho-social
theory and its consequences and impact on older people impounded with dementia. The
literature used in the context has been thoroughly filtered emphasizing upon the most precise
and appropriate review of the literature to justify the chosen use of the theory in a person with

Identification of the psychosocial theory
Dementia is a psychological disorder in older adults, which causes impairments in the
balance as well as changes in behaviour, and thinking pattern (Minhat, Rahmah & Khadijah,
2013). The continuity theory implements both variables of disengagement theory and anti-
ageing theory (Nyman &Szymczynska, 2016). This theory explains that those people who
have kept up with good health will prevail good health throughout. The theory proposes that
behavioural patterns become more predictable in older age people because of the continuation
of personalities provoking both internal and external environment. The selection of the
continuity theory is based on the foresight of both ageing activity. The ageing activity claims


that activity is required by people for successful ageing and thus regards the participation in
both physical and mental activities (Breheny & Griffiths, 2017).

Continuity theory
The continuity theory illustrates the human life cycle in the basic four categorized
form list these. The first is the chronological age, which summons the present age of a person
from the time of their birth. The role activity claims upon the various social roles played by
any character into their engagement of different roles. The personality characteristics describe
the person’s emotional and rational attachments with the society whereupon life satisfaction
illuminates the pleasure man is filled in his everyday life (Lynch et al. 2015). Thus, the
continuity theory has been selected to propagandise the research of the paper as because the
factors represent the variables of both the integrated theories as well as inherits elements,
which are relevant for older people acquiring dementia (von Bonsdorff & Ilmarinen, 2013).

Continuity theory’s impact on dementia
The research explores interviews and surveys, which acclaims that the impact of
continuity theory has been significantly upheaved with its process and impacts on people
suffering from dementia. In the opinion of Franzese and Rurka (2016), dementia is a
vulnerable state of simultaneous activities, which is mainly due to the impairment of brain
leading to uncontrollable actions such as memory loss and misjudgement. The basic
symptoms of dementia into older people are mostly forgetfulness and lack of social skills and
thinking abilities (Bundon, Clarke & Miller, 2011). It has been observed from various studies
that certain individuals who are prolonged suffer from dementia claims that continuity theory
might have upheaved their standards of lifestyle (Dickinson et al. 2017). Based upon practical
and clinical implications the research highlights that if balance is maintained in every
possible stage of a man’s life it will not be required to negotiate with dementia as because


chances happiness and pleasure of lifestyle would be certain and sustainable throughout the
ageing years (Hoogland, 2015).
The variables of continuity theory impound encouragement and motivation to
lifestyle and dementia is the consequences of the disengagement theory to support this
statement. The research has been framed based upon a qualitative methodology. These
findings claim the response of people affected with dementia and as to how they recover
steadily with improvements in bodily activities. This is because pleasure and fulfilment
remain constant and thus disabilities erase out with a response that is more interpersonal and
intact feelings (Oyebode&Parveen, 2019). Based on the accumulated data and the prolonged
research it can be well stated that diverse functionalities incur in encountering dementia but
the most basic factor shall be that of a psycho-social theory of continuity. Continuity keeps
feelings and responses balanced and so ascertains steady factors that encounter the problem
of dementia (Nimrod & Ben-Shem, 2015).

Significance of the research
The research is significant as it justifies the continuity theory, which engages people
with dementia to live a normal and stable lifestyle. The continuation theory engages in the
continuation of behaviour and perspectives and thus acclaims that psychological disorders
such as dementia could well be comprehended if a normal and a pleasure-filled lifestyle could
well be achieved (Laks et al. 2016). The life of people engrossed with dementia does not
change the persistence of living a normal and a pleasure-filled lifestyle and thus the
continuity theory strives in maintaining a précised life cycle initializing self-image and a
balanced life cycle (Stowe & Cooney, 2015). Does the theory claim that patterns and
behaviours should remain ascertained? and unchanged during the whole lifespan. These
patterns and behaviours resemble optimised and stabilised functioning and thus accelerates a
standard and well-maintained life pattern (Kuosa, Elstad & Normann, 2015). The continuity


theory helps in living a pleasure-filled life and thus upgrades the life pattern of many
suffering from dementia (Zacher& Rudolph, 2017).

With the help of the report, it has been understood the continuity theory of
psychosocial dilemma and as to how it helps in achieving a physically capable and a
stabilized life pattern even to patients incurred with acute dementia. The report has also
illustrated a signified justification for choosing the precise model for theoretical approach as
well as assembled opinions via a systematic review of the literature supporting the
statements. The infused literature has acquired an acute sense of understanding about the
continuity theory and its practices upheaving people from dementia. The report has also
highlighted factors such as clinical practices and their implications that provokes a sound
understanding of the chosen model as well as illustrates and defines the other impactful
model regarded for the purpose. The acclamations made for the selected continuity theory
have also been significant towards me in describing the impact of the model upon older
people suffering from dementia. The data emphasises the relevance of the model on the
diseases and its ways to overcome such impacts.


Breheny, M., & Griffiths, Z. (2017). “I had a good time when I was young”: Interpreting
descriptions of continuity among older people. Journal of Aging Studies, 41,
36-43. Retrieved from:
Dickinson, C., Dow, J., Gibson, G., Hayes, L., Robalino, S., & Robinson, L. (2017).
Psychosocial intervention for carers of people with dementia: What
components are most effective and when? A systematic review of systematic
reviews. International Psychogeriatrics, 29(1), 31-43. Retrieved from :

Franzese, A. T., &Rurka, M. M. (2016). Theories of Aging. Encyclopedia of Family Studies,

Hoogland, A. I. (2015). Continuity of change: The dynamic of beliefs, values, and the aging

experience. Journal of Aging Studies, 32, 32-39. Retrieved from:
Kuosa, K., Elstad, I., & Normann, H. K. (2015). Continuity and change in life engagement
among people with dementia. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 33(3), 205-
227.Retrieved from:


Laks, J., Goren, A., Dueñas, H., Novick, D., & Kahle‐Wrobleski, K. (2016). Caregiving for
patients with Alzheimer's disease or dementia and its association with
psychiatric and clinical comorbidities and other health outcomes in
Brazil. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 31(2), 176-185.
Retrieved from:

Lynch, K. M., Hanni, A. A., Reed, S. F., & Olson, B. D. (2015). Continuity theory. The

Encyclopedia of Adulthood and Aging, 1-4. Retrieved from:
Minhat, H. S., Rahmah, M. A., & Khadijah, S. (2013). Continuity theory of ageing and
leisure participation among elderly attending selected health clinics in
Selangor. IIUM Medical Journal Malaysia, 12(2). Retrieved from:
Nimrod, G., & Ben-Shem, I. (2015). Successful aging as a lifelong process. Educational

Gerontology, 41(11), 814-824. Retrieved from:
Nyman, S. R., &Szymczynska, P. (2016). Meaningful activities for improving the wellbeing
of people with dementia: beyond mere pleasure to meeting fundamental
psychological needs. Perspectives in public health, 136(2), 99-
Oyebode, J. R., &Parveen, S. (2019). Psychosocial interventions for people with dementia: an
overview and commentary on recent developments. Dementia, 18(1), 8-35.:
Stowe, J. D., & Cooney, T. M. (2015). Examining Rowe and Kahn’s concept of successful

aging: Importance of taking a life course perspective. The


Gerontologist, 55(1), 43-50.:

Von Bonsdorff, M. E., & Ilmarinen, J. (2013). Continuity theory and retirement. Retrieved


Zacher, H., & Rudolph, C. W. (2017). Successful aging at work and beyond: A review and
critical perspective. In Age Diversity in the Workplace. Emerald Publishing