Sample Research Paper on Gender, class, race, and reform in the Progressive Era


It is well known that necessity is the mother of all invention, and so can we say that
necessity propagates inception. In the years before 1890, America's living condition was quite
different from what we have today. The governance system never paid much attention to its
citizens' wellbeing, since federal laws limited the amount of wages that people earned, assumed
the quality of food sold to citizens, assumed child labor, and never secured citizens who were
unable to seek employment (Frankel & Dye, 2015). Making immigrants, African-Americans, and
women suffer most. Thus seeking a change that came to be in the progressive era.

Changes and Effects of Progressive Era.

The progressive majorly focusing on economic reforms, morality, and social welfare
made several positive impacts on most of the population. In the early years of the commencing
of the progression, the American Federation of labor was founded. Hence, bringing a positive
effect on the citizens by promoting workers' rights in job places. Additionally, It provided
immigrants training services to grant them a skill that would help them secure a livelihood. Not
forgetting, the federation banned the employment of underage citizens to ensure their wellbeing.

For women, their voice for equality got amplified by the election of Carrie Chapman as
the president of the National Women's Suffrage Association in America (Frankel & Dye, 2015).
New leadership ensured they had equal opportunities to secure employment in the fast
industrialization, granting women the power to take care of their families and cut on economic
dependence on men in society. However, it is unfortunate to note that the progressive era never

did much to uplift African Americans (Frankel & Dye, 2015). Instead, it promoted racism since
the whites began to feel superior and segregated themselves from the blacks leading to some
schools rejecting African Americans' applications to join their institutions.


Frankel, N., & Dye, N. S. (2015). Gender, class, race, and reform in the progressive era.