The Great Goddess
The ruins and artifacts from prehistoric civilizations show that the people and that time, especially in Europe, had feminine deities(Leornard& McClure, 2004). They contain depictions of the female body in a bid to show the fertility of the earth that they were highly dependent on. The world is also referred in many cultures as mother earth, which takes care of the creatures within as a female takes care of her offspring. I highly doubt the existence of a Great Goddess that is the origin of everything, as most of the myths regarding female gods do not depict them as absolute or all powerful. The Greek mythologies present the female gods as having certain qualities that combined with the responsibilities of other gods contribute to the maintenance of the natural balance. A good example is Demeter, the goddess of agriculture and vegetation, who has parents and siblings too (Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greece, 2005).
The existence of a goddess is hinged to her reproductive abilities that are a reflection of the human females. The females contribution to the propagation of the species is rated highly compared to the males, yet the females cannot ensure continuation without the company of the males. The great Goddess would require having a spouse and she needs to have an origin, which in this case would be vague(Gimbutas, 1982). The mainstream religions advocate for a monotheism system where the all-powerful god is asexual. The goddesses are mainly accepted in polytheistic beliefs. The Great Goddess would be required to exist as a single entity in order to be the origin of everything else. This however, is not the case which shows the reluctance of the ancient and modern religions to believe in the existence of a Great Goddess.
Leonard, S., & McClure, M. (2004). Myth and knowing; an introduction to world mythology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Greece. (2005). Greek goddess Demeter (Ceres), the Goddess of Vegetation.
Gimbutas, M. (1982). The goddesses and gods of Old Europe, 6500-3500 BC, myths and cult images (1st ed.). Berkeley: University of California.