To: The Local Government Superior Officer on Intergovernmental Urban Policy Relations in relation to the Urban Sprawl Program.
From: The Local Government Officer on Intergovernmental Urban Relations and Urban Sprawl Policies
Re: 2014 Advocacy Policy Report
On behalf of the intergovernmental relations board including the finance and administration departments, I am presenting an enclosed policy report for 2014. This report will examine the urban policies in order to formulate new recommendations able to amend and resolve the current issues facing the urban sprawl program. This researched policy proposal establishes a framework as a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) addressing current issues in relation to urban policies. It provides various mechanisms able to assist urban families, communities and agencies to coordinate intergovernmental help leading to growth and development though the urban sprawl program.
Current Urban Sprawl Policy Program
The urban sprawl program applies federal laws. These laws are neither flexible nor willing to utilize federal resources. Thus, they are anti-work, anti-urban, anti-family and anti-community, as they do not foster reforms for urban growth, and development. The urban sprawl, which describes the outcomes of suburbs is neither growing nor increasing. The urban sprawl was established to ensure suburbs foster urban growth by encouraging the construction of commercial entities. These entities were to be located within the urban area to improve various services such as enhance the quality of education and expand road infrastructures. However, the urban sprawl has led to environmental degradation through pollution. This is because rural to urban migration has increased, leading to urban congestion, corruption, pollution, and environmental degradation (Jared, 2012).
Through corruption, immigrants unable to afford and sustain the living standards across the suburbs have constructed low quality residential and commercial infrastructures infringing urban laws. The Urban Act asserts that urban infrastructures should be large. More so, they should be built along major roads while providing enough space for people to walk and drive. This is to facilitate people to access schools, hospitals, supermarkets, gym, and other amenities. Currently, grocery stores, supermarkets and even schools are being built along major urban roads. The constructions are decreasing the road infrastructures (UN, 2011).
An investigation revealed corruption in the urban sprawl program offices. The officers are awarding people with licenses and permits to construct infrastructures, reducing the amount of space people can use to walk and drive. Due to corruption, urban families and communities are also undertaking agricultural activities in prohibited areas. This has led to urban environmental degradation through greenhouse activities and pollution. An increase in relocations into urban areas has degraded urban cities. Consequently, corruption has reduced the quality of services the intergovernmental urban sprawl program aimed to provide urban families and communities. Coupled with high levels of unemployment, the urban areas are therefore neither safe nor healthy (Richard, 2012).
A Review of the Urban Sprawl Policy Program
It is crucial to undertake the following measures to provide solutions affecting the urban sprawl policy program. Foremost, the urban sprawl social pattern should be assessed. The results should be compared to the initial plans when the urban sprawl program was developed. For example, when the urban sprawl policy program was established, it aimed at fostering controllable city growth and development. This refers to the following forms of urban enhancement. Foremost, the policy program would ensure road infrastructures are in good condition as well as sufficient. This was aimed at plummeting accidents and traffic snags during. Consequently, the policy program aimed at encouraging investors, developing agencies and individuals to set up high quality building infrastructures. Thus, schools, hospitals, and other amenities providing social services had to be constructed using high quality and durable materials. The office had to investigate the construction materials to ensure they meet the urban sprawl program qualities and standards (UN, 2011).
However, this has not been the case due to massive incidents of corruption, laxity among the presiding officers, and lack of oversight. These issues have hindered the departments, supervisors and officers presiding urban growth and development through urban sprawl program to expand while providing high quality services. The urban sprawl policy program aimed at improving educational services. It also aimed at advancing and controlling quality healthcare facilities and services. Transition during growth and development was also estimated to be challenging especially for families without sources of income. Thus, the urban sprawl policy program had researched professional developments programs (Richard, 2012).
These programs included establishing effective partnerships with the schools and hospitals to allow qualified individuals provide their services through internship and volunteering. These objectives were aligned towards urban residents working together to create, expand, enhance, and develop quality opportunities. They were also aligned towards collecting and disseminating high standard practices addressing various issues and challenges associated with urbanization. However, they have failed and recorded urban degradation (UN, 2011).
Recommendations to Sustain the Urban Sprawl Policy Program
Urban sprawl has contributed towards an increase in traffic snags, pollution levels, city congestion, corruption, and environmental degradation among other adverse effects. In order to resolve these adverse effects, it is vital to focus and discuss their origin, and why they continue to exist. Urban sprawl was expected to deliver the following three forms of growth and development; leapfrog, ribbon/strip, and low density single dimensional (Randall, 2014).
Leapfrog urban growth and development involves construction of new infrastructures in new areas to reduce urban congestion. Thus, agencies and developers should consider construction of hospitals and schools in newly identified spacious areas. The areas do not need to be urbanized. This is because developing new high quality residences can encourage persons migrating from rural to urban areas to settle and develop those places into modern cities and towns. However, it crucial to ensure the areas are located near developed urban location. This can facilitate developers to build the new infrastructures in line with the development policies applied to manage and sustain the urban locations. More so, construction materials and resources can be easily accessed and transported reducing new urban developmental costs. Thus, leapfrog development should not be costly (Randall, 2014).
Consequently, it should pay attention to areas surrounding urban areas. This can decrease the elevated population density in already established urban areas. Consequently, it can reduce pollution, traffic snags, and environmental degradation among majorly congested urban areas. To facilitate the leapfrog development, the intergovernmental urban policy department should ensure the lands surrounding cities and towns are affordable. More importantly, housing facilities should be provided at low prices to motivate and encourage a large number of people to accept, reside, and feel comfortable developing their own high quality and standardized urban area (Randall, 2014).
Strip or ribbon development involves widespread progress in relation to commercial activities. This development occurs in a linear outline mainly on roadways. Thus, strip development is a major step towards achieving urban sprawl without facing traffic congestion. Pedestrians, drivers, and shoppers can continue to enjoy high quality road infrastructures. This is because strip development encourages road user to enter and exit a road infrastructure without delay. However, it is also important to teach drivers how to use the new modern urban roads to reduce traffic offences and accidents. Ultimately, strip development will encourage investors and agencies to undertake commercial activities in the urban areas. However, corrupt planners and developers should be eliminated from the urban sprawl cycle to achieve strip development (Randall, 2014).
Low density and single dimensional growth and development are aligned towards identifying and achieving high quality residential urban areas. It aims at dividing residential areas into subdivisions to reduce city congestion and environmental degradation. Currently, most urban residential houses are narrowly located in diminutive lots. This has reduced the road infrastructure allowing people to drive, walk, and associate with each other as they access other houses and urban amenities. Although low density can take large residential lots, it awards urban dwellers with more spacious room while improving their qualities and standards of living. Most urban dwellers desire owning detached residential homes. However, this is not practical due to availability of limited lands. Thus, the available land should be utilized to construct high standard residential areas. These areas should allow growth of shrubs, trees and other plants to beautify the residential lots. Consequently, the trees and shrubs can absorb industrial chemical fumes and dust reducing air pollution. Thus, levels of water and air pollution are reduced preserving and enhancing healthcare qualities among the residents (Randall, 2014).
This advocacy policy report has therefore focused on economic, social, political, and environmental factors affecting the urban sprawl program. Consequently, it has provided recommendations aligned to these areas to ensure balanced growth and development is achieved. The urban sprawl policy program planning therefore has potential to perform and achieve remarkable success without controversy and corruption. However, high public support is required to encourage professional agencies, developers, researchers, and institutions. This is because they can provide vital resources and skills required to solve the current issues. They can also be utilized to build new, expanded, and exceptional solutions. Thus, public interest coupled with action can realize the true potential of the urban sprawl policy program (Richard, 2012).
Jared, M. R. (2012). Essays on Urban Sprawl, Race, and Ethnicity. Dissertations and Theses, University of Massachusetts.
Randall, G. H. (2014). Urban Sprawl: Pro and Con in Defense of Urban Sprawl. Property and Environment Research Center.
Richard, E. K. (2012). Arguments For and Against Planning. Town Planning Review.
United Nations (UN) (2011). Population Distribution, Urbanization, Internal Migration, and Development: An Internal Perspective. Department of Econo