Sample Capstone Project Paper on Miami

Development:

I. Accepting the Truth
  • Extreme warming of the oceans, severe weather events and melting ice sheets have become the reality. Miami is expected to experience localized flooding due to weather contamination.
  • Changing weather patterns will affect the local populace since the ecosystem would be disrupted because of massive air, water and soil pollution.
  • Marine  life would be affected as is with human life and properties.
  • The climate around Miami has been becoming warmer, ice sheets have been melting causing overflowing of freshwater into the ocean.
The US Government Will Not Care

For Federal government is less concerned with local environmental issues. The Federal government focuses on energy and other high profile business such as banking, ignoring the plight of the vulnerable citizens in mega cities .On the other hand federal government is more concerned with New York City more than Miami, since NYC  is the financial centre locally and international. New York is the Americas cultural centre, while DC is the headquarter of American financial sector and is also the federal administrative base. The federal government is blind to the concerns of the populace outside the financial centers. Its interest focuses on such global organizations as IMF and Federal Reserve banks. New York City has the highest concentration of Americans urban population and it is the gateway to the US, the city has unprecedented impact of various industries from media, entertainment, technology, fashion, education, art and commerce. It is also the home to global organs such as the United Nations headquarters. Similarly, New York City is known to be an important base for international diplomacy. The city is situated on a natural harbor and it is made of five boroughs. Federal government indicates the city gross metropolitan product is above $1.4 trillion. It is the home of leading global capital markets namely New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. It is the home to Fort Hamilton, the only active military in the city; it serves as the command center for the USA Corps of Engineer as well as being a recruiting battalion. District Columbia is the US capital city; it is also the country’s military headquarter. The federal government values the city due to its strategic position, has a well developed communication and transport infrastructure, and is situated in a very strategic position. Due to the military and economic interests, which are central to the government, the government has put dynamic measures to save the two cities from any anticipated catastrophe either emanating from nature such as hurricanes or are manmade such as war.

 South Florida Have Strategic worth to the US as is Miami

Florida is the root that feeds the US with talent and education, and is considered the workforce of the future. Competent workforce is important to the federal government and this makes Florida to be a strategic region in terms of housing, transport, science as well as innovation and economic development. The region has well established institutions that support major development objectives including research capacity. Miami is a city sited on the Atlantic coast in sprawling southeastern Florida in addition to the county chair of Miami-Dade County. Miami being a principal city is a leader in various industries such as arts, finance as well as international trade. The city is also instrumental to the government interests due to its unpolluted environment, clean drinking water and lash green spaces. It has the highest concentration of financial sectors. Due to its geographic setting, the city has evolved to a strategic area, more so, due to its research facilities including biotechnology industries. More so, it has the best ports and the most active cruise ships. Due to the city’s proximity to the sea and its environmental benefits, it has diverse strategic benefits which the federal government can exploit (Diaz, 2012).

Does anyone in DC care (who speaks English

Miami is on its own. The Federal government does not seem to care much. Though Gov.Rick Scott, who is non-Hispanic, has embarked on fighting for the city, nothing much has been gained from DC. The city is said to be sinking from its lakes, some of which began as rock quarry, and the proliferation of private artificial islands is making Miami look worse. Majority of the political class are deniers, they have opted to ignore the reality of impending environmental danger. Some of the public figures have declined to give media interviews as to explain on their stand, However, Senator Marco Rubio has in a way spoken out and have noted people are not considering the outcome of sinking Miami. Democrat Bill Nelson is the only politician to hold ground hearings where scientists can tell populace what the information means. Regrettably, not adequate inhabitants follow his illustration and the waters of the city are fast rising.”

Technology is Not Going to Save Us

Escalating climatic changes and unregulated tampering of Miami waterbeds is catastrophic. Climatic changes are impossible to reverse, the rising sea cannot be reversed using technology, and this leaves the city in a compromising situation. With changing environmental dynamics, flash floods, extreme weather, rainy season’s deluges as well as extreme droughts are the real issue to affect the city in the future (Diaz, 2012). No suitable technology has been identified to contain the anticipated disaster. It is not technology that will change Miami, it by understanding that the more green house emissions are released into the atmosphere the greater the danger, the only technology is to cut the behavior and embrace more friendly acts that can sustain the environment. Rarely has technology been used and contained any climatic situation, the way to go is to seek natural answers which would entail leaving Miami when the time comes or sinking with it all together. Changing temperatures and rising sea levels cannot be propagated, however, man can change and stop activities that can trigger and hasten the impending danger.

 

Are There any Realistic Technologies That Will Be Developed To Save Miami?

Environmental disasters are destructive. No single technology has been so far developed to avert any anticipated disaster. Apart from advanced meteorological equipment to monitor the weather and gauge any instances of earthquakes, Miami is in an unprecedented state. The federal government along with local government has not been active in developing critical measures that can be of help when disaster strikes. Nevertheless, the challenges of rising sea levels are real and nothing that can be done since there is no known science that can stop the alarming rate by which temperatures are changing.

Diverse concepts have been projected, but the major problem is that, as long as the climate keeps changing, no known technology will be of any help, the only solution is for the people to stop erecting high rise buildings, the government demand the local industries to cut on carbon emissions and the inhabitants be prepared for the unknown. Note Miami is situated on very delicate topography.

What Can We Learn From The Romans?

Nature is aggressive. Learning to read the signs of the time is essential. The Romans deserted the city. This was a good move and it can as well be applied in Miami. Note the changing weather patterns and unexpected rampant floods. The city being built on porous soil, and being at a vast plain, the populace needs to seek ways to run away from the impeding havoc (Bramson, 2008). Nevertheless, the people of Miami lack reaction, while the populace continue to grow, buildings are popping up relentlessly and this is a sure sign that the people are ignoring calls to stop constructions since the city is facing a possible catastrophe.

Can We Leverage Technology (If There Is Any Realistic Technology Being Developed Can We Convince Law Makers to Invest In Saving MIA)

Dealing with environmental changes is challenging; it is not possible to leverage any technology in regard to Miami. The federal government can employ short-term goals in an attempt to save Miami, but they cannot sustain the effects of rising sea levels, melting ice sheets as well as changing temperatures. Miami is erected on highly vulnerable and complex geology, the city along with its countless satellite suburbs is build on what geologist define as porous limestone, and this is known to soak with water. Gradually this is affecting the city’s foundation due to the weakened drainage systems. In addition, the city’s poor topography is an issue of concern that no technology can leverage.


The Psychological and Sociological Preparation

Civic education, massive media campaign as well as presidential executive orders could be employed to warn the populace (Smith, 1999). Telling the people that their city can sink any time is challenging, the message carries diverse social and psychological impact. Nevertheless, advice the populace on the dangers posed by changing climatic patterns could be great help, and in a way could convince the masses to be alert and prepare them psychologically as they prepare to vacate. Grieving cannot be of value, what is more important is to know anything can happen any time, the sooner the better they know that Miami is on the verge of drowning. Undertaking the initiative to prepare the populace mentally and emotionally is essential since this would reduce instance of Post Traumatic Disorder in case the dooms day comes soon.

 

When Rioting Begin Develop and Speak about Preparing Emergency Responders there is a Chance in 15 to 20 Years MIA Might Implode

History is full of sad instances of sank cities, federal government is mandated to provide emergency services to its populace. Miami cause can be different; each region needs to have its own response unit equipped with the appropriate medical support. Miami also requires to have well-trained emergency personnel. The training needs to be continuous since no known date by which Miami could be hit by extreme weather variations or floods (Shell-Weiss, 2009). Such instances could see heavy acts of riots from the affected populace, in such situation; the city would require well-trained security personnel to avert chaos as well as mobile clinics to cater for those injured in the process. Miami is waiting to explode, being fully prepared many lives would be saved also it would help to prevent further damages to the people and properties. Thus, the scope of emergency responders would be tethered to informing and securing the populace in times to come as they prepare for the anticipated climatic wrath in Miami.

Time to Heal, How New Orleans Has Healed Its Sense of Abandonment

New Orleans required more than just having livable homes, to encourage a comeback the populace was promised of its city. The populace accepted the reality on the ground and understood change is personal and cannot be enforced by the authorities. Though some suffered considerably, longing for their destroyed city has given a room for growth. Rejecting to accept destruction as an irreversible phenomena increased the courage to restore the hope of the city. The government support and the media exposure of what happened saw the populace embracing abandonment as a positive mishap (Powell, 2012). The city is being restored and new housing units are being restored daily. Majority of the New Orleans did not receive the nature of abandonment negatively; many are those who perceived the disaster in a very different perspective. Embracing diverse initiatives such as housing as well as redefining social, political and economic landscape was instrumental in New Orleans healing. Though the population had been heavily affected by the aftermath of the hurricane, dedicated programs to restore the city-affected zones has had a good share in restoring the populace hope. This is supported by an increased number of local residents who have gone back and opted to restore their once affected lives.

The Geological Truth

Miami is patched on a surface area that is said to be less than “5” above sea level, while it is known natural height, a limestone crease that cuts across Palm Beach to the city’s south, is just three feet of sea level. The geology as well as topology of Miami allows the water to move without constraints. With uncertain and unpredictable floods, it is hard to quantify how much ice has melted, but examining the damage and havoc caused by the floods, it can be said to be heavy melting. With porous underground, it is difficult to control water while the sea level is rising fast (Marjory, 2007). Miami has poor hydrologic conditions and is made of high rate of erosion since its bedrock is composed of limestone. Miami geology is dangerous to the coastal as well as marine ecosystems including the known but complex biological processes. These aspects are affected by rising sea levels where instances of excessive waters are witnessed through floods. The far-reaching carbonate rocks of Miami are intrinsically porous and have been out in the open to weathering processes since the last momentous interglacial period led to pervasive flooding known today. To understand why Miami is sinking, the available soils include oolitic facies made up of grain stone and pack stone. This combination, which is quite concentrated in nature, forms very poor drainage systems. The bedrock sediments thus hold unindurated sediment as well as other types of fossils. Though the geology presents the region as that with well developed aqufer, it is a weak bedrock due to the porous and highly permeable limestone.

 

Strategic Policy Paper on Downsizing Miami
Summary

An urgent need to strategically downsize the city of Miami is articulated in Federal climatic changes and development agenda. For the safety of people of Miami and prevention of unpredictable catastrophe due to changing weather patterns and heavy development, this issue is essential in relation to securing life and property as well as safeguarding the broader national interests. Previous attempts to execute this approach were met with stiff challenge from private developers. However, with the involvement of the central government intentions in restructuring and downsizing Miami, much in terms of ecological preservation, water security and marine life protection would be achieved. Downsizing of Miami is anchored on various factors attributed to human activities and unpredictable aspects of nature. This paper provides a brief description of the basic strategic, structural and institutional frameworks aspect to be considered. The policy includes:

  • Government role
  • Factors of development
  • Climate
  • Human Activities
Background

Miami has witnessed expansive growth since its early inhabitants. The area has as well witnessed the havoc of poor plan and population explosion. At some point in history Miami equally experience the wrath of nature when Hurricane Andrew hit the city and caused unfathomable damage just south of Miami-Dade region. The region is close to the sea and it is sitting on porous rocks which cannot sustain the city for long. Today the population is high, and the danger of sinking real due to rising sea levels. The area has become notorious for floods and flash rains. Acute warming of the oceans, severe climate conditions and melting ice sheets have become the everyday reality. Miami do experience localized flooding due to weather contamination. Changing weather patterns continues to affect the local populace since the ecosystem is always disrupted because of massive air, water and soil pollution. While Marine life has been heavily affected as is with human life and properties. Unlike the past decades, the climate around Miami has been becoming warmer, ice sheets has been melting causing overflowing of freshwater into the ocean.

Current situation of Miami

According to the existing federal statistics the Federal government is less concerned with local environmental issues. Its principal objectives has been thwarted towards energy and other high profile business such as banking ignoring the plight of the vulnerable citizens in mega cities .analysis demonstrates that federal government is more concerned with New York City more than Miami, NYC is the financial centre locally and international .New York is the Americas cultural centre, while DC is the headquarter of American financial sector and is also federal administrative base. The federal government is blind to the concerns of the populace outside the financial centers. For it has its interest focuses on such global organizations as IMF and Federal Reserve banks. New York City has the highest concentration of Americans urban population and it is the gateway to the US, the city has unprecedented impact of various industries from media, entertainment, technology, fashion, education, art and commerce. It is also the home to global organs such as the United Nations headquarters. Similarly New York City is reputable as an important base for international diplomacy. The city is situated on a natural harbor and it is made of five boroughs. Federal government indicates the city gross metropolitan product is above $1.4 trillion. It is the home of leading global capital markets namely New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. It is the home to Fort Hamilton, the only active military in the city; it serves as the command center for the USA Corps of Engineer as well as being a recruiting battalion. District Columbia is the US capital city; it is also the country’s military headquarter. The federal government values the city due to its strategic position, has a well developed communication and transport infrastructure and is situated in a very strategic position. Due to the military and economic interests which are central to the government, the government has put dynamic measures to save the two cities from any anticipated catastrophy,either emanating from nature such as hurricanes or are manmade such as war.

Objectives

The objectives of this policy are to ensure the federal government:

  • Funds the relocation of the city
  • Controls the population
  • Establishes control channels to cut on pollution emanating from local industries
  • Establishes a blueprint for further development
  • Stops any hazardous activities such as establishment of bio industries
  • Embarks on involving the populace on the danger they are exposed to due to rising sea levels
  • Develops social integrated measures of reclaiming land grabbed from the sea to avert further destructions.
Major issues

Miami is witnessing unprecedented growth both in terms of population and development. However, Federal government concern appear to be more inclined on less vulnerable areas which it perceives to be strategic to it interests. For instance, South Florida have strategic worth to the US as is Miami .Florida is the root that feeds the US with talent and education, and is considered to be the workforce of the future. Competent workforce is important to the federal government and this makes Florida to be a strategic region in terms of housing, transport, science as well as innovation and economic development. The region has well established institutions that support major development objectives including research capacity. Miami is situated by the Atlantic coast in the expansive southeastern Florida. Miami being a principal city is a leader in various industries such as arts, finance as well as international trade. The city is also instrumental to the government and its interests due to its unpolluted environment, clean drinking water and lash green spaces. It has the highest number of financial sectors.  Due to its geographic setting, the city has evolved to a strategic area, more so, due to its research facilities including biotechnology industries. More so, it has the best ports and the most active cruise ships. Due to the city’s proximity to the sea and its environmental benefits, it has diverse strategic benefits which the federal government can exploit (Diaz, 2012).

However, climatic changes and human activities have placed Miami in a very compromising situation. Due to the rising sea levels, flash floods and high temperatures, the region is evolving to be hazardous daily. The government needs to address these matters by enacting tactical approaches to avert disaster. Despite the strategic position of Miami, downsizing is a key issue since the city has to be moved away from the sea and the construction industry must be check since it rests on very porous rocks. Miami is patched on a surface area that is said to be less than “5” above sea level, while it’s known natural height, a limestone crease that cuts across Palm Beach to the city’s south; it is just three feet of sea level. The geology as well as topology of Miami allows the water to move without constraints. With uncertain and unpredictable floods, it is hard to quantify how much ice has melted, but examining the damage and havoc caused by the floods, it can be said to be it is heavy melting. With porous underground, it is difficult to control water while the sea level is rising fast (Marjory, 2007). Miami has poor hydrologic conditions and is also made of high rate of erosion since its bedrock is composed of limestone. Miami geology is dangerous to the coastal as well as marine ecosystems including the known but complex biological processes. These aspects are affected by rising sea levels where instances of excessive waters are witnessed through floods. The far-reaching carbonate rocks of Miami are intrinsically porous and have been out in the open to weathering processes since the last momentous interglacial period led to pervasive flooding known today. According to geologic facts, the available soils include oolitic facies made up of grain stone and pack stone (Bramson, 2008). This combination which is quite concentrated in nature forms very poor drainage systems. The bedrock sediments thus hold unindurated sediment as well as other types of fossils. Though the geology presents the region as that with well developed aquifer, it is weak bedrock due to the porous and highly permeable limestone.

 

 

Evaluation of alternatives
  • The evaluation to a substantial downsizing would most possibly change the current situation in Miami, and specifically
  • Controlling local construction industry
  • Proper management of waste
  • Controlled industrial gas emissions
  • Sustained environmental upgrading
  • Stable population control

 

Projected Action
Funds Allocation

Early intervention in regard to controlling pollution and industrial emissions would be essential in Miami. Since the objective is to downsize, the federal government would be required to fund the anticipated changes through provision of new settlement schemes, paying out the affected entities and individuals.

The principle of strategic downsizing would be as follows:

The Miami local government should be involved in the careful and well thought transition. Before the federal government embarks on the agenda, the populace must be informed of the impending actions so as to solicit for support. Various social requirements must be developed to correspond with the organizational structure in the period of transition. Challenging all players to fulfill their local and national obligations in ascertaining the initiative is executed appropriately and without bias or any discrimination. Reducing the Miami acreage from the ocean and authorize inclusion of new infrastructure.

Miami cause can be different, each region need to have its own response unit equipped with the appropriate medical support. Miami also require to have well trained emergency personnel, the training need to be continuous since no known date by which Miami could be hit by extreme weather variations or floods (Shell-Weiss, 2009). Such instance could see heavy acts of riots from the affected populace, in such situation; the city would require well trained security personnel to avert chaos as well as mobile clinics to cater for those injured in the process.

Restructuring the current land and environmental programs

It is essential to work towards establishing the intended initiative on regular basis anchored within the existing frameworks. There need to be a strong and predominant restructured system that would foresee the intended strategy is achieved and it employs inclusivity.

Timing

A real obstacle is the way Miami is planned today, since the initiative is intended to be executed to aver future catastrophies, the current adjusted environment can be problematic. Current land usage needs to be refined within a specified timeline. Dealing with environmental changes is challenges; it is not possible to leverage any technology in regard to Miami (Smith, 1999, Powell,2012). The federal government can employ short term goals in attempt to save Miami, but they cannot sustain the effects of rising sea levels, melting ice sheets as well as changing temperatures. Miami is erected on highly vulnerable and complex geology, the city along with its countless satellite suburbs is build on what geologist define as porous limestone, and this is known to soak with water, gradually this is affecting the city’s foundation due to the weakened drainage systems. Also the city’s poor topography is an issue of concern that no technology can leverage.
            This would be economical if the strategy is implemented with a span of 3-4 years. The cost of action should not be a tool of delaying implementing the plan. Escalating climatic changes and unregulated tampering of Miami waterbeds is catastrophic. Climatic changes are impossible to reverse, the rising sea cannot be reversed using technology and this leaves the city in a very compromising situation. With changing environmental dynamics, flash floods, extreme weather, rainy season’s deluges as well as extreme droughts are the real issue to affect the city in the future (Diaz ,2012). In this case timing is important.

Financial Impact

Miami is patched on a surface area that is said to be less than “5” above sea level, while its known natural height, a limestone crease that cuts across Palm Beach to the city’s south, it is just three feet of sea level. The geology as well as topology of Miami allows the water to move without constraints. With uncertain and unpredictable floods, it is hard to quantify how much ice has melted, but examining the damage and havoc caused by the floods, it can be said to be it is heavy melting. With porous underground, it is difficult to control water while the sea level is rising fast (Marjory, 2007). The cost of proposed strategic changes, specifically downsizing of the city would require massive budget. The process to be successful would require an integrated program due to the cost of transition.

Communications

The policy measures projected in this study mean federal government intervention into the status quo. They would unavoidably clash with the interests of the political forces and environmental authorities concerned with the safeguarding of our ecological balance. The success of the strategy will largely depend on the pressure of the government and other interested partners. It is instrumental that the populace gets to know the dangers posed by the current situation they are in. Public awareness is important since it will provide a channel of exhausting all available information in regard to the government downsizing objectives.

 

References

Bramson, S.(2008). The Story of Bal Harbour, Bay Harbor Islands. NY: The History Press.

 

Diaz , M.(2012). Miami Transformed: Rebuilding America One Neighborhood.NY:UP.
id=o8GEcPiiKjcC&pg=PA156&dq=Miami+sinking+city&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bREFVZPSNMStUcHfguAI&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Miami%20sinking%20city&f=false
 Klepser, C.( 2014).Lost Miami Beach. NY: The History Press.
id=ygSHBAAAQBAJ&pg=PT134&dq=history+of+miami&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9gkFVYSsBoe9UZaEgYgP&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=history%20of%20miami&f=false
Marjory, S D.(2007).The Everglades: River of Grass.NY:Pineapple.
id=yymmDQhYmzgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Parks,+A+M.%282008%29.+Miami:+The+Magic+City.+Miami,+Fl:+Centennial+Press.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=xwoFVcOeH8uR7AaRioDYBA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
Powell , L.(2012).The Accidental City: Improvising New Orleans.NY:Harvard.
id=4g61SUSPqtQC&printsec=frontcover&dq=new+orleans+history&hl=en&sa=X&ei=cRAFVZKZCcP7UrnNgpgP&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBTgK#v=onepage&q=new%20orleans%20history&f=false
Shell-Weiss, M.(2009). Coming to Miami: A Social History..NY: OUP.

id=nnEXAQAAIAAJ&q=history+of+miami&dq=history+of+miami&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9gkFVYSsBoe9UZaEgYgP&redir_esc=y

Smith, JV. (1999).Colloquium on Geology, Mineralogy, and Human Welfare.NY:NAP.