I carried out an experiment that involved two sizes of paper clips, whereby, there were two bins, one containing ten small paper clips and the other has ten large paper clips. I told my friends Talal and Sahar of age seven and eight respectively, to first pull out two from the small bin and putting them in a pile on a table then pull out again two from the mostly large bin and put them in a second pile. Talal and Sahar then put the second pile into the small bin as the first pile into the mostly large bin. After that when Talal and Sahar who are in the same class were asked which bin contain more papers of the other sizes. The two friends got it wrong by choosing the directly opposite bins.
The experiment entails the concrete operational stage whereby a child focuses on many logical aspects in a situation compared to the child who is at the preoperational stage who cannot solve any problem because they tend to concentrate on one problem. This is the third stage of cognitive development, and it can help a child in subjects like physics and mathematics since children at this age have reversibility and conservation. The ability to conserve influences children`s perspectives of thinking and accommodating other people`s ideas.
As a teacher or parent, the concepts of the concrete operational stage enables us to help the children in reversing the order of various relationships between varieties of mental categories. This will enlighten these children towards conservation thereby allowing them to keep in mind that changing the size or shape of a given object it will remain the same (“Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory | Simply Psychology,” n.d.).
The Piagetian theory influences one to understand the reasoning of children at different ages and enables one to have the ability to solve problems among different ages of both their social and physical environment. According to the theory, a child can think logically and this in the formal operational stage, therefore in a classroom, a teacher can guide children in a solving certain problems and they can develop a reasoning strategy. For instance, a teacher can encourage his students to have their way of thinking in interpreting different situations (“Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development: The 4 Stages,” n.d.).
Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory | Simply Psychology. (n.d.).
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development: The 4 Stages. (n.d.).