- Misconceptions about developmental psychology
I had various misconceptions about developmental psychology before the class. Firstly, I imagined how dreams play an important role in psychologicalcounseling. Dreams were considered unconscious. This is according to Freud’s theories, which involved children and their development. Another misconception wasthat one is not supposed to comfort a baby so much when itcries. This is just but a mythology and an opinion. Therefore, it has nothing to do with psychology development. Nonetheless, comforting and consoling a baby has no harm (Dietze& Diane 138).
Additionally, Ithought that boys and girlshad no unique characteristics at birth. However, after attending the class, I noted that the boys and girls developed their gender attributes by genetics and social environment. I also learnt that men and women are different in their physical characteristics. Accordingly, different hormonal balances affect the behavior of different individuals. In furtherance to this, I thought that an overstimulated baby grows to be more intelligent. This is because a majority of people believes that extra stimulation causes babies to grow up smarter in their brain. This is however, not true, because intelligent is based on both genetic and environmental factors
- The most significance thing learnt
I leant various things in the class allied to developmental psychology. Most significantly,I learnt that during the early childhood or middle childhood stage, developmental psychology helps a child to experience better healthy development and improves their lifelong learning (Laura 25). Accordingly, the development of a child is influenced by future cognitive, social, and emotional, language, and physical development. Such factors may influencetheir schooling and their success in life. It is worth mentioning that the child brain grows during their early childhood. In early childhood, the child develops developmental milestones such as emotional regulation and attachment, language development, cognitive development and motor skills.
All the aforementioned facets can be delayed when a child gets less care and environmental stressors. In psychology developmental periods, which involve the early and middle childhood, a childacquireslife determiners stages such asschool success, health literacy, self-discipline, the ability to make good decisions about risky situations, and eating habits (Laura 40).Sigmoid Freud referred to this stage as latency stage.
- Most significant thing learnt during the adolescent or emerging adulthood stages
The most significant thing I learnt in the class of developmental psychology during adolescence and emerging adulthood stages was that during these stages, people continue to grow physically, cognitively, and emotionally into adults. The body grows in size. The individual also grows sexually to a fully functionalindividual (Dietze 138). Their mind develops to more advanced stage of reasoning and acknowledging self. Most significantly, people at this stage of life forge their own identities, developing important attachments with peer.Accordingly, they experience new emotions, social relationships, sense of responsibility and independence(Mahmud 26). Emerging adulthood has been proposed as a new life stage between adolescence and young adulthood, which has characteristics such as identity explorations, instability, self-focus, acceptance of adulthood, and great expectations.Thisis supported by the stage of identity and role confusion by Ericson theory as well as the stage of industry vs. inferiority by Erickson theory.
- During The Adulthood or Late Adulthood Stages
The mostsignificant thing of development in psychology during adulthood and late adulthood stage was that the adulthood stage is the period of satisfaction and meaning of life. Sigmoid Freud (Mahmud 76) referred to the stage as integrity vs. despair. Many are happy and enjoying the activities of their younger age. They are relieved from hard responsibilities and role and they maintain life of quality. They experience decrease in body tone, brain atrophy and decrease in neural processes. They also acquire defect such as dementia and they reach retirement age. The adults have attained all levels of hierarchy by Maslow’s and they reflect back about their life with actualization.
- Application of the Content Learnt in Class
The information learnt in class helps me interact with different ages of people because I learnt that people behave differently based on their ages. The lessons acquired made me understand what people expect as they develop. This will help merespect them according to their behaviors at different stages of life (Laura 37).
Dietze, Beverlie and Diane Kashin. Playing and learning in early childhood education. Toronto: Pearson Canada, 2012 pp 138.
Laura E. Berk. “DEVELOPMENT THROUGH.”History theory and research strategy thery 2007 pp-43.
Mahmud, Jafar. Development psychology. New Delhi : A P H Publishing, 2004 pp 20-83.