Sample Coursework Paper on Motivation and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Individuals are motivated to act in a particular manner to fulfill their needs. The Maslow’s hierarchy of needs offers the most appropriate aspect of motivation with an assertion that motivation comes from an individual’s attempt to accomplish five basic needs.  According to Daft (2015), the five basic needs must be fulfilled in a hierarchical order, starting from physiological needs to self-actualization. Individuals’ needs are psychological and vary from being weak or strong, depending on situations, time, and place. In the movie “Cast Away”, Chuck Noland, the main character, endeavored to fulfill the basic needs after encountering a plane crash.

Life was good for Chuck as a FedEx employee: he had a job that assured him of wellbeing, as well as a lover with whom he had planned to marry. Chuck was also one of the most respected system engineers, who travelled widely to undertake his busy schedules. However, a terrible plane crash transformed Chuck’s life completely, as he found himself on an isolated island with no food or any form of communication. He was compelled to accomplish his physiological needs first, in order to stay alive. His safety needs on the island were also wanting because he got sick after eating the same food all the time. Chuck’ attempt to satisfy his physiological needs through making fire resulted in a deep wound after being stabbed by a sharp stick.

When individuals experience any form of separation from their social ties, they suffer from loneliness, homesickness, and anxiety (Jeeves, 2011). The need for social interaction was quite strong, but Chuck was determined to eradicate loneliness. He compelled to incarnate the volleyball, which he nicknamed Wilson, to be his companion. Chuck could converse to Wilson concerning his thoughts and emotions to sustain his mental capacity. He even drew his image and that of his lover to motivate himself in fulfilling personal needs. When Wilson was carried away by a storm, Chuck felt like he had lost a real friend and companion.

The need to have basic needs becomes stronger when individuals stay for a long period without attaining such needs. Chuck was away from home where he felt unsafe and far from his lover, whom he had intended to marry. It took four years for Chuck to return to civilization after being salvaged by a cargo ship. Chuck demonstrated the urged to survive while on the island, and now that he had returned home, he found it easy to survive since he was accustomed to such environment earlier. Normal human beings feel contented when they are in close and supportive relationships (Jeeves, 2011). Chuck had to deal with the need for love, affection, and intimacy, when he realized that his lover was married to another person.

Chuck remained a hero even after returning home, but being away from home for long made it hard for him to fulfill both social and esteem needs. Although going back to civilization was an achievement, Chuck encountered difficulties in achieving esteem needs. Esteem needs are attained when an individual attracts attention, recognition, and gaining respect from other individuals (Daft, 2015). Chuck’s family had already forgotten him after receiving news of the plane crash while Kelly, his lover, had moved on with her new life after the plane disaster. Being alone in the jungle for four years made Chuck adopt a life of solitude, and this made it hard for him to adjust to the social life after returning home.





Daft, R. L. (2015). The leadership experience. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Jeeves, M. A. (2011). Rethinking human nature: A multidisciplinary approach. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.