There was great and major concern over the amount of power that would be allocated to the national government. The fears came about because of the problems that were brought about by the already weak central government that was under the Articles of Confederation. The roles and responsibilities were not stipulated well and clearly in the government and this contributed to delayed service delivery. Without clear guidelines on the powers that the national government would have and how it is supposed to exercise the powers, there is constant conflicts between the various heads and more so there is a poor relationship with other states. As it is today the three arms of government the Legislature, Executive and the Judiciary, each has been stipulated for the roles and the powers it has and how each can run its mandate.
The reason behind the creation of the three arms of the government was to empower the National government. This one was meant to reduce the unending conflicts that delayed service delivery; while empowering the national government by the provision of more powers. The governance of the United States of America was a thorn in the flesh and there was a great rift in the governance process. The system that was left behind as the governance strategy by Great Britain after the independence brought about the need for a change in the governance system since it proved not adequate and fair enough in the running of American affairs. The call for a new structure of government was on the rise and this resulted to the presentation of Virginia Plan by Governor Edmund Randolph.
The representation of all the states and how it should be carried out in the national legislature faces huge challenges.One of these is the fact that some states were larger than others hence there lacked a guideline on how each state should be represented. The large and the small states were in confusion over the way representation should be made. The larger states preferred and supported the Virginia plan representation. This plan gave an advantage to the large states in dictating the legislative outcomes. The small states supported the New Jersey Plan, the plan called for equal representation despite the consequences the number of the inhabitants in a single chamber. The plan called for one vote. The conflict saw the formation of a bicameral legislature and shared power with an independently elected executive branch that was selected by the judiciary.
The states on the North and the states in the south did not have a common stand over the affair of the slaves. Since time immemorial the issue of slavery has been a conflicting factor among the ruling institutions. For example, the states in the North opposed slavery while the states on the south regarded slavery; they wanted to be counting the slaves as part of citizens only for the purpose of representation but not for tax purposes. The three-Fifths Compromise determined that from that point slaves would be counted but under the following criteria. A slave would not be counted as a full person but as a three-fifth person for both representation and tax purposes. The ban on slaves was not to be effected all the way up to 1808.