Evaluating an Argument
In the car buying scenario, just like in real life, you were presented with an argument for making a different purchase than what you had originally intended. Think of a time recently where you were presented with an argument that was intended to change your opinion on something. Using that event, complete the following: Present the argument in premise-conclusion form. Identify whether or not it was inductive or deductive and evaluate it for quality. Be sure to speak in terms of valid/sound for deductive arguments and strong/weak for inductive arguments. Note that last week you were merely asked to present whether or not you found the argument convincing. This week you are being asked to use your new knowledge to evaluate the arguments based on validity, soundness, and strength. Explain whether or not you were convinced by the argument. Explain whether you were correct in your judgment of the argument. Use the “Steps for Evaluating an Argument”
I had been saving to buy for a vehicle for quite a while, and I was now ready to spend the money that I had put aside to make a purchase. I was about to buy a saloon car because I wanted something practical and affordable to move around with. I did not have a specific choice but I liked the Honda fit because I have a friend who has had no complaints about the car so far. The friend has had the car for over one year now, and I only hear her talking about the car in a positive manner. The service that the car gets lasts for the recommended duration, and it is a stable and strong vehicle. Some of the maintenance and service sessions have been a bit costly, but within reasonable limits.
When I went to purchase the vehicle, the sales man at the shop tried to convince me to buy an SUV. I got tempted to buy one of the few SUVs that the salesman showed me because of the argument that he provided and how beautiful and powerful I felt such a vehicle would be.
Basis of the argument
Central claim or thesis
The salesman cited that a sport Utility vehicle would be more comfortable and stable on the road in comparison to a salon car. In the case of an accident on the road, I would be a bit safer in a SUV in comparison to a salon car. He also cited that if it was my kind of trend, an SUV would offer more prestige as compared to a saloon car model. I would agree with the salesman that the central thesis that a SUV has more stability and comfort is true.
Identification of Explicit reasons
The claim of power and stability are fundamental reasons to consider while driving on the road, because safety is a major factor when driving on the roads (Rainbolt & Dwyer, 2014).
Identification of Implicit reasons
Regardless of how good the posed argument was, I was also forced to look at the economic side of buying an SUV. While SUVs might be more comfortable and beautiful to look at, one also has to look at the maintenance of the vehicle. One would have to cough up more money to purchase and maintain an SUV in comparison to a saloon car.
Identification and evaluation of available physical facts
An SUV has a high ground clearance which means that it has a higher likelihood of rolling over in case of an accident. In comparison, a saloon car has a low ground clearance and less likely to roll over in the case of an accident.
Most SUVs also have high engine capacities. Therefore, such a vehicle would consume a higher volume of fuel hence spending more money in comparison to a saloon car.
After evaluating the information at hand, I decided to buy a saloon car, mostly because of my economic needs at the moment which were a priority. I shall continue working hard in my work and hopefully, one day I can make sufficient money and save up to buy an SUV.
Logical fallacies available
At one point, the car salesman informed of the need to buy an SUV because of a few local popular people that were also driving such car models. I felt that such an argument was irrelevant because it added no value or importance to the car.
Rainbolt, G. & Dwyer, S. (2014). Critical Thinking: The Art of Argument. Ohio: Cengage brain.