Paleo diet is based on the food types consumed by the early manwhich consists of roots, nuts, organ meat, vegetables,fruits, and seafood. It excludes grain or dairy products and refined foods such as oils, sugar, alcohol, and coffee. Not only is the diet based on modern processed foods avoidance but it also leaves out the foods that man started eating after the transition from the hunting and gathering to the Neolithic Revolution.
The paleo diet is advocated as a method of improving health, and it advises on eating the foods that were available to ancient humans and avoiding the foods that cause harm to one’s health and incapacitate weight-loss goals. Examples of the foods to avoid are all grain and the flours, baked goods and pasta made from them, processed foods such as candy and prepackaged meals, legumes, all dairy products, white potatoes, added sugar, and industrial and seed oils. However, this diet has some flaws which are the lack of whole grain and highred meat content. Scientifically, high consumption of red meat poses a high risk of developing bowel cancer which is supposedly reduced by whole grains. The paleo diet consists of foods and meat that could be gathered, and this act as the evolutionary answers to the diet-related concerns on current health. The diet is based on a caveman’s idea with the assumption that man has evolved by eating meat and practicing agriculture.
Since paleo diet is designed for active people, it is of benefit to athletes because it is a protein diet that helps in muscle building, has right carbs for energy, healthy fats, and fiber for maintaining a healthy weight. The distinction between paleo diet and other low- carb diets is that paleo is based on what early humans ate while the other popular low- carb diets focus is to maximize the willpower and to minimize aging. Basing on the scientific facts on nutrition, one can distinguish a popular diet from nutrition science in that a popular diet will have a recommendation that seems extreme, and refers to foods as bad or good. Similarly, it involves a sharp reduction in drinking and eating and the diet promises an unrealistic time for weight loss which is scientifically inapplicable.