Sample Research Paper on Patient Falling Prevention

Majorly, falling is a very common phenomenon in adults. Statistically, one out of three adults aged over 65 years fall every year. This translates to the more than 2 million patients who always receive medication attention at the emergency departments. Shockingly, reports have emerged that claim that the risk of falling do increase with each decade (Rivara, 2015). Moreover, the most known long-term consequences of fall include hip fracture, and overall physical wellbeing of the affected individual. In addition, other long-term effects of the falling incorporate the dreadful traumatic brain injuries (TBI) together with the overall health conditions and the independency of the affected individuals. The good news is that the injuries that results from the can be easily be prevented and managed (Gerberding et al, 2008).

Though falling related injuries is mostly common among the elder individuals in the society, it can also occur among the younger counter parts. However, it is important to note that everyone in the society has the responsibility of protecting the elderly from the risks of falling.  Apart from conventional falling among the elderly, falling has also been witnessed among the inpatient in the hospital. This form of falling has resulted into deterioration of the health status of the patients, prolonging of the duration spent by the patients in the hospital, together with the stressing of the hospital facilities (Hayes, 2013).

            On this research work, questions related to the PICOT analysis would be discussed. These questions include:
  1. Who among members of the population are likely to suffer falls?
  2. What is your intervention plan for fall patients?
  • Compare your plan with other patient reducing plans.
  1. What is the expected outcome when the identified fall prevention programs are implemented?
  2. When do we expect to eliminate patient falls?

To start with the first question, the majority of patients that fall are the elderly of above 65 years of age. Falling at this age is a major player of what can be said to cause nonfatal injuries among the elderly in the society. However, there have been reported cases of falls from comparatively younger patients that constitute to a mere 4% of the annual falling reported cases. Statistically, older patients form a staggering 46% of all the annual reported falling cases. Particularly, more females that are elderly are victims of falling as opposed to the male counterparts (Gerberding et al, 2008). Strikingly, as the elderly males approach the age of 80 years and above, they stand at a higher risk of experiencing falls as compared to the elder females of the same age (Vellas, 2012).

The second question is the intervention plan for the fall patients. In United States of America, hospitals strive at undertaking fall prevention. My intervention is to monitor the drug administration process with the aim of assessing the influence of the drug on the affected patients. Particularly, one of the causes of falling of the inpatient patient is the adverse drug effect. The adverse effect of the drug that is responsible for the falling of the inpatient is drowsiness. Most of the hospitals have given strict instructions to their nurses to take keen observation and monitoring of the patients that are treated with the drugs that induce drowsiness on the patients. This plan involve strict and closely monitoring of patients that are treated with the drugs at the time when the drug is still within the body circulation. This plan also involves lowering of the bed heights of the patients that are treated with the drugs that can induce drowsiness to reduce the falling impact. This in the end assists in the reducing the magnitude of the potential injuries (Hayes, 2013).

The third question is the how my plan can be compared against the other relevant plans. It is important to note that my plan solely involve prevention mechanisms. Apart from preventing the fall itself, this plan is also very cost effective as compared to the others. This is because it does not require a substantial amount of finance for its implementation. Moreover, this plan is very ethical and friendly to the patients’ themselves. Most importantly, the plan is equally friendly and acceptable to the nurses (Ochotorena & Simmons, 2010).

The forth question concerns the expected outcome when the identified fall prevention programs are implemented. It is worth noting that this plan has a potential of even exceeding the projected success as far as reducing the inpatient falling is concerned. This is because from the piloted program conducted in some of the healthcare facilities, there are promising and positive indicators that have pointed at its success. Firstly, all the parties concerned are happy and comfortable the plan in totality. Secondly, the fact that the plan is cost effective makes it to be embraced by most of the hospital administrators. Thirdly, the plan also meets the ethical standard requirements.

The last and the fifth question explore the timeline that we could expect to eliminate patient fall. Arguably, I can claim that it is not possible to eliminate falling of patients. This is because patient falls are caused by very many factors that cannot be completely be eradicated. Therefore, it is not possible to estimate accurately the timeline needed for patient falling eradication.


Gerberding, J.L., Falk, H., Arias, I., Wallace, D., & Bellesteros, M. (2008). Preventing fall: How to develop community-based fall prevention programs for older adults. Atlanta, G.:      National for Injury Prevention and Control.


Hayes, M. (2013). Falling Patient analysis, Images & Photos | Photobucket. Retrieved October

13, 2015.

Ochotorena, M., & Simmons, N. (2010). Impact of staff awareness on patient falls.

Rivara, A. (2015, September 21). Important Facts about Falls. Retrieved October 13, 2015.


Vellas, W. (2012). Inpatient Falls: Lessons from the Field. Retrieved October 13, 2015.