Several ways of mitigation and prevention actions have been set up to reduce the effect of the spread of diseases. These are strengthening of the Biosecurity. This is through advancing the biological weapons to curb outbreaks; empowering decision makers by giving them the required tools for the management of the disease (Homeland Security Council, 2006). This incorporates connecting the medical professionals, health institutions, and health agencies. International partnerships are also encouraged to build the country’s talent through creation of better drugs and vaccines and production of the tests within the shortest possible time. The government is working at furnishing the plans and coordinating the responses to minimize the effects of any biological experiences. By collecting, analyzing and successfully sharing the intelligence, the security are preventing possible threats and strengthening all arms of the government. By listening to all concerns and priorities from all quarters, the government is helping in coordinating the capacity, resources, and logistics within the health sector to overcome the challenges that are associated with outbreaks and preventions of more negative effects. This is also attained by supporting the emergency planning efforts within the locality. Development of the interagency plans for disaster scenarios helps to manage real occurrences. By supplying better technical assistance to the locality and the state, the government and the private entities help to mitigate the effects of the disease outbreak (Homeland Security Council, 2006).
Preparations for response to be implemented include collaboration between the human and animal health departments to trace the affected patients and identify the source of the outbreak. Surveillance is carried out to determine any separate cases of the diseases. Surveillance is usually intensified by states to identity unusual traces of the virus. Data is collected through tracing and tests done in the laboratory (CDC Novel H1N1 Flu, 2009). Identification and preparation of the public health emergency is made for the entire nation. The sector ensures that it is well supplied with the drugs and the equipment for the protection and management of the virus. This is inclusive of the antiviral drugs. As part of the preparation, the government ensures that the treatment courses for the drugs are availed to the health institutions. Thereafter, the government together with the emergency department buys the antiviral regimens and expands the application of the antiviral through the emergency use authorizations (CDC Novel H1N1 Flu, 2009). This authorizes the application of the off-label antiviral drugs to treat children below one year and prevent the spread of the virus to children below three months of age. There is the use of the travel health warning to risky regions. The public are also advised to stay out of public forums when they are sneezing and coughing. Sensitization of the public to be observant for symptoms related to pneumonia and influenza-like illnesses. The health professionals are reminded of being observant of the disease and how to assess a patient for possible outbreak.
CDC Novel H1N1 Flu. CDC planning for pandemic and response to H1N1.: Pandemic Summary Highlights. 2009.
Homeland Security Council, (U.S.). National strategy for pandemic influenza: implementation plan. 2006. Washington, D.C.