Interdisciplinary team members on the project committee
Some of the interdisciplinary team members include the health educators. They teach clients about various topics on health in order to promote and prevent health. Social workers actively engage in community matters to improve their welfare. Legal experts on the other hand advice the health care teams on the federal necessities to run a facility. The technological team members are responsible for installing the interlink networks to be used in different facilities in remote areas (Myers & Turvey, 2013).
Various roles of team members
The nurse practitioners are trained registered nurses who diagnose and treat various patient’s condition, can interpret tests and procedures diagnosed and focuses on health promotion. Pharmacists on the other hand ensure that the patient’s right medication has been administered. Occupational therapists help patients regain their health through education and employment. Legal experts advise the health care teams on the federal necessities to run the healthcare facility. The technological team members are responsible for installing the interlink networks to be used in different facilities in remote areas (Myers & Turvey, 2013).
Importance of experts in a team
Teamwork is a requirement for provision of quality healthcare services while ensuring safe patient care. The expertise of every team member is important because they provide the necessary information to plan care thereby enabling successful following of a therapeutic plan. They also provide vast information from their fields necessary in the provision of effective healthcare.
The importance of interoperability.
Interoperability is where applications and different information systems coordinate, communicate and exchange information and data and be able to use the exchanged data. The modern healthcare setting is increasingly depending on computerized networked systems to enable users to interact with the systems and other medical applications more efficiently and effectively. This entails the establishment of meanings through the development of standardized vocabulary terms, nurturing standards in computer communication like emails and networking, as well as the usage of application programming interfaces.
Interoperability helps the medical organizations to operate with enhanced efficiency through sharing and communication between computer systems. In this, patients would not have to undergo duplicate tests e.g. lab tests because it will be presented in a uniform manner. It enhances the safety of the patients by addressing distress issues from information from the computerized systems. This application also improves quality since the clinicians are able to access data from patient’s previous encounters in different medical facilities. The patients can also access the services that they need more easily through electronic transmission of medication (American Telemedicine Association, 2012). The underlying fact is that interoperability helps in reforming the dysfunctional nature of information sharing between and among hospitals.
Importance of standardized nursing terminology
Standardization is important in both the nursing profession as well as the bedside care. Its importance includes a better communication between nurses and other health providers. The visibility of nursing interventions is increased, thus leading to improved patient care. Data collection is enhanced thereby improving the nurse outcome thus greater adherence to standards. It also helps in auditing the quality of service among different facilities and helps to identify health needs from different sources thereby identifying patients requiring proactive intervention.
Federal regulatory requirements that support health information technology
HIPAA privacy rule protects the patient’s information and when to be disclosed. The requirements of this rule include the HHS protection of human subjects’ regulation and certificate of confidentiality which protects identifiable research information from forced disclosure.
Components of the new system
The features of the HIPAA include:
- Setting boundaries on use and release of medical records. This is achieved by ensuring that health information is only used for health purposes.
- Consumer control over health information. This is achieved by maybe receiving consent from the patient before the information is released without coercing them to consent.
In general the privacy rule gives a patient the right to say how they want to be contacted by the healthcare providers (Pardue & Patidar, 2011).
Potential security threats to the health information system
One of the security threats includes malware. This is both a security and privacy threat.
Another threat to health information system includes the cyber warfare with hackers trying to steal hospital or patient’s information for the purpose of extorting bribes or disrupts networks thus making it impossible for networked facilities to communicate.
Protection of patient privacy
This is achieved through installing access control tools including passwords and PINs to control access to patient’s information. This would help in denying unauthorized persons from accessing data.
Industry standards for protecting data integrity
The set standards include administrative safeguards which entail actions and policies by the management to identify, prevent and correct security violations by performing risk analysis regularly. Physical safeguards entail tangible measures to protect information from natural and unauthorized intrusions. Policies and procedures when well formulated and followed would go a long way into addressing security threats (Pardue & Patidar, 2011).
Non-clinical applications of technology
Mobile communication is a nonclinical communication where information can be received on a real-time basis from different remote places. Internet communication enables information to be obtained.
Clinical applications of emerging technology
Telemedicine is the use of electronic mechanisms and information technology to deliver clinical services to patients in different locations (American Telemedicine Association, 2012). This is whereby medical information is exchanged among different sites through electronic devices to improve patient’s health
American Telemedicine Association. (2012). Telemedicine, telehealth, and health information technology: An ATA issue paper. May). Washington, DC: American Telemedicine Association.
Pardue, J. H., & Patidar, P. (2011). Threats to healthcare data: a threat tree for risk assessment. Issues in Information Systems, 12(1), 106-113.
Myers, K. M., & Turvey, C. (2013). Telemental health: Clinical, technical, and administrative foundations for evidence-based practice.