Sample Paper on Louisiana High HIV Rate and how we can Lower It

The South is considered as one of the high prevalence in HIV/AIDS epidemic with many people living with and dying of this disease. Research indicates that Louisiana State comes third in rank in relation to America’s HIV cases (WWAV, 2014). The largest cities in Louisiana which include New Orleans and Baton Rouge are among the top in relation to new infections of this deadly disease. According to the Human Rights Watch (2013) Louisiana’s AIDS death rate constitute US average that is above double. Furthermore, an estimated forty percent of HIV infected individuals in New Orleans were not receiving medication in 2013. This means that people living in Louisiana are at high risks of dying or contracting the disease than other regions with the United States. These statistics are wanting and should be addressed in order to reduce prevalence, new infections and death rates in Louisiana State.

The high death or prevalence rates of HIV in Louisiana have been contributed by a number of factors. Lack of preventive care, overlooking proven strategies like sterile exchanges, lack of sex education, poverty and criminalization are some of the contributing factors towards the high HIV rates in Louisiana. Firstly, lack of preventive care and access to health services in health centers has led to increased HIV death related cases. For example, LGBT communities of racial color face problems in terms of accessing treatment care mainly due to stigmatization and discrimination (WWAV, 2014). Furthermore, the high average nurse patient ratio makes health services not to be fully provided to patients. Implementing a law like 4: 1 nurse patient ratio would go a long way in addressing this concern. This means there would be more time between nurses and patients during the administration of care. For example, women of color and LGBT community would have more time to address their concerns. Consequently, this would lead to improved and quality care for patients.

Secondly, comprehensive awareness and sex education among the youth must constantly be addressed. This could be done by holding seminars and public awareness campaigns sensitizing the youth on prevention of the disease or even proper care for those infected. The campaigns should be frequent in order to ensure that every resident get enough information. For example, the awareness or sensitization programs can be done on a monthly basis. Thirdly, the programs could include sensitization on evidenced approaches like sterile exchanges would go a long way in curbing this epidemic. Health practitioners such as nurses should spearhead such programs since they have the expertise and knowledge required to address this issue. As such, the state could implement laws that incorporate such awareness programs. Such laws would definitely reduce and effectively address the disease issue in Louisiana State. Furthermore, implementing policies that protect against criminalization more so among the sex workers would go a long way in reducing infection rates. Implementation of such policies would ensure that the police do not interfere with the operations of the sex worker.

Louisiana is a state of great potential and its citizens should not be allowed to die of HIV and related diseases. Implementation of policies or laws such as the nurse patient ratio, awareness educational programs and criminalization statutes that incorporates health practitioners such as nurses would go a long way in addressing the Louisiana HIV epidemic.

Time for action is now.



Human Rights Watch. (2013). US: Louisiana Fuels HIV Epidemic.

WWAV. (2014). HIV/AIDS: Louisiana Fuels an Epidemic.