Today’s healthcare environment is undergoing unique and major changes and the type leadership style selected by a nurse matter. An effective leadership style has certain characteristics that will determine the success of the leader. In this essay, a nurse using the democratic leadership style has been identified for discussion.
Firstly, the democratic leader encourages the nursing staff to participate in decision-making and engage in open communication. To encourage staff participation, the leader uses methods like one-on-one meetings, comments in a suggestion box, staff meeting for team members and personal phone calls. In the event a problem arises, the leader collects staff’s feedback and input before making a final decision. The leader also provides feedback concerning the staffs’ performance (McKeown & Carey, 2015).
Another leader can adopt this style since its characteristics enhance teamwork, staff motivation and job satisfaction. This, in turn, reduces employee turnover rates. The pitfalls of the style are that it is time-consuming as the leader takes a long time to seek for staffs’ feedback and input before making a decision. The aggressive employees will also provide their feedback while the less aggressive employees are likely to participate less in making suggestions (McKeown & Carey, 2015). These pitfalls may affect its adoption as an effective leadership style.
The impact of democratic leadership style on health care quality and patient outcomes is that it increases patient satisfaction, reduces patient mortality, ensures use of less restraint and reduces errors in medication as well as low infection rates acquired from the hospital. This is because it provides more levels of staff skills and educational backgrounds since more people are involved in decision-making. Implementation of new processes like HER is also more successful as staff members’ participation is encouraged (Cummings et al., 2010).
Cummings, G. G., MacGregor, T., Davey, M., Lee, H., Wong, C. A., Lo, E., & … Stafford, E. (2010). Review: Leadership styles and outcome patterns for the nursing workforce and work environment: A systematic review. International Journal Of Nursing Studies, 47363-385. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.08.006
McKeown, M., & Carey, L. (2015). Editorial: Democratic leadership: a charming solution for nursing’s legitimacy crisis. Journal of Clinical Nursing. pp. 315-317. doi:10.1111/jocn.12752.