The critical research analysis is a process in which a research undergoes a careful assessment of its strengths and weaknesses. Analyzing a research provides the nurse with the knowledge to understand the reliability of the study, its findings to see the evidence base for practice or utilization or application of the findings into the care practice. The key objective of nursing has been to advance the patient contentment for the past years (McCann, & Clark, 2004). One of the serious health issues experienced by nurses and midwifery at the workplace are assault and maltreatment. It affects the nurses’ performance and the quality of care they give to patients since it is viewed as an abuse and unethical behavior to the nursing profession.
This paper, therefore, analyses the research conducted ton report about the harassment and antagonism is the study of an investigation carried out to report on the impact of workplace harassment and antagonism observed by nurses and midwifery. Besides, lack of self-confidence and poor organizational culture could be another related problem affecting the nurses and midwifery (McCann, & Clark, 2004). The critical analysis of this research will focus on protection of human participant, data collection, data management and analysis, problem statement, and interpretation of the findings.
Protection of human participant
The authors of this study did not reveal any threat related to the survey. However, one major advantage is that this is a lead study assessing procedures and tools for a larger study in the future. During the study, all the participants were offered the same elucidation and question session. The nurses’ board of Victoria requested the indiscriminately selected members first to agree to participate in the study. Upon reaching an agreement between the randomly selected participants and the nurses’ board of Victoria Australia, the members could then join for study. Conversant authority was obtained, and the member agreed for an invitation provided by the nurses’ board of Victoria but not written approval (McCann, & Clark, 2004).
A sample of about two thousand assessments was placed online in the interest of research team. The examinations were merely for indiscriminately preferred participants from the randomly chosen contributors only thirty percent of the participants reacted, and the remaining seventy percent never participated in the study (McCann, & Clark, 2004). This was clear evidence that the sample size collected by the researcher was insufficient, and the accuracy of the information could get compromised. However, the nursing board of Victoria, the Australian nursing federation, Human research ethics committee of the Austin health and La Trobe University approved the study. This study was conducted by a willing participant and willing researcher (McCann, & Clark, 2004).
The researcher did the process of data collection after receiving authority from the member and after approval from the agency, that is, Australian nursing federation and nursing board of Victoria. The researcher recognized the most important variables and the independent variables were identified by the coworkers and patients relative. On the other hand, the dependent variables were discovered by nurses and midwifery which were outlined in the aspect. The study design that the researcher used was the striking study design.
When performing the data collection, the researcher distributed the questionnaires which were in the interest of research team. Approximately two thousand surveys posted to randomly selected participants. Within the twenty-eight days of research, the participants were asked to give their opinion on workplace aggression and bullying. Before the sequence of data collection was made, the participants were requested for their consent and after approval of the agency. Two thousand surveys were posted online so that randomly selected participant to respond on their experience about the workplace aggression, bullying, and violation. From two thousand studies, approximately five hundred members answered the questionnaire. The data collection made by the author was small because of the limited amount of participants who were available for the study.
Data management and analysis
The author handled the data using the computer system. The participants after responding to the questionnaires were scanned and sent to the database which is an excellent way of data management system made by the researchers. However, research paper did not say whether the researcher developed a data management plan or not. The researcher used frequencies and percentages as the data analysis method.
The differences between the groups were evaluated using chi-square tests, and the significance value was 0.05. The data was then analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) software. The research paper outlined that the data analysis was only conducted one time not repeated. However, it is essential to repeat the data analysis to be able to identify the errors that might have occurred during the previous study. The data analysis was performed using the descriptive study design, and the author did not maintain a paper trail of critical decisions that were made. The data collection was not sufficient and could result to biases of the outcome.
Interpretation of the findings
The results were well interpreted in detail and well stated. The author explained the result based on the response provided by the participant. The majority of the replies received were by the registered nurses and coworkers who constituted to about 85% and remaining 15% were the patients and their relatives. From all respondents, about fifty percent were workplace aggression from patients’ family and visitors while about thirty percent of respondent experienced occupationally related violation within four weeks of durations. The majority of respondents were registered nurses (80%) working on weekdays (70%) and morning jobs (60%), and had been working for more than three years in their current employment (65%). More than half were in permanent part-time work (55%), in the public sector (68%) and a metropolitan location (66%). The authors reached a conclusion that nurses and midwifery were more worried by coworker related harassment than visitor initiated hostility and assault.
The critical analysis of this research focused on protection of human participant, data collection, data management and analysis, problem statement, and interpretation of the findings. The study was conducted without disregarding the ethical consideration. The research was approved by the nursing federation. The study design and interpretation of the result was clearly stated. The literature review included adequate information and the research is problem-based, and the solution was identified. Nurses and midwives became more aware of the health risks of workplace bullying and aggression (McCann, & Clark, 2004). The author was able to discuss and analyze the research in brief.
McCann, T. V., & Clark, E. (2004). Grounded theory in nursing research: Part 2–Critique. Nurse researcher, 11(2), 19-28.
(McCann, & Clark, 2004)