A large number of American citizens carry genetic materials for bleeding and clotting disorders and hemoglobinopathies (Johnson, & Zhou, 2011). However, most will lead normal lives without experiencing any harm although some people may see health effects connected with having a blood disorder genetic material. Blood disorders may affect any of the three major constituents of blood which include, Red blood cells, which convey oxygen to the body tissues, White blood cells, which thwart infections, and Platelets, which help in the clotting of blood. Blood disorders could also affect the liquid segment of blood, known as plasma. Certain blood types are rare, causing inadequate supplies while other blood products, such as platelets, have a narrow shelf life which on average, less than a 2-day supply is obtainable (Koh, 2010).
Treatments and diagnoses for blood illnesses differ depending on the condition of the blood and its severity. Healthy People’s 2020 Goal for Blood Disorder and Blood Safety is to prevent disease and disability linked with blood disorders as well as the utilization of blood products. Blood service givers have a major responsibility of collecting, maintaining, and distributing the country’s blood supply (Schmunis, & Cruz, 2005). Safe and ample blood supply is crucial for health services such as operations, cancer management, emergency control of trauma, and care of patients with hemoglobinopathies and is undergoing chronic transfusion treatment. Health people, 2020 program conducts outreach and education to enlighten the public on the subject of the importance of donating blood and hence alleviating blood shortages (Schmunis, & Cruz, 2005). Healthy People 2020 impacts healthcare by upholding the quality of life, healthy developments, and healthy behaviors in all life phases. The body also affects the health care profession by identifying vital research, assessment, and data compilation needs.
Johnson, K. A., & Zhou, Z. Y. (2011). Costs of care in hemophilia and possible implications of health care reform. ASH Education Program Book, 2011(1), 413-418.
Koh, H. K. (2010). A 2020 vision for healthy people. New England Journal of Medicine, 362(18), 1653-1656.
Schmunis, G. A., & Cruz, J. R. (2005). Safety of the blood supply in Latin America. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 18(1), 12-29.