Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) concerns the integration of advanced clinicians’ expertise to scientific information as a means of improving public health care. The topic has great influence in the nursing setting, as it is a vital tool towards enhancing medical services. The past research on evidence-based practice indicates that the program is used mostly as a standard of care in the nursing sector (Craig & Smyth, 2011). The goal of applying EBP is to utilize the opinion of experts, the evidence documented along with patients’ views to make decisions that reflect the clients’ values, needs, and preferences. This research has mentioned the various reasons why EBP is important and integral to the nursing leadership, among them being raising customer service through quality decisions. EBP is typically a process that seeks to obtain qualitative information in a modified manner. The study also observes a number of EBP barriers, giving practitioners an insight of what to expect while taking account of their actions.
Evidence-based practice in the health care sector has been aroused by the need to improve medicine, besides promoting the clinical practices that get obsolete rapidly. The motive of applying evidence-based practice in medicine was to improve decisions through patient consultation, proper research and enhanced ethical concerns. The program was forethought in 1972 when Archie Cochrane noticed a need in ensuring the health care setting is effective and evidence provided on which studies are established. The term Evidence-Based medicine was introduced in 1992, after Guyatt thought about how relevant clinical studies, expertise, and experience helped solve current medical concerns (Brown, Wickline, Ecoff, & Glaser, 2009). Prior to the introduction of the EBP, patients’ views and values were rarely looked at during nursing and decision-making. The new research strategies allow clinicians to employ the most recent knowledge to ascertain that sound conclusions are drawn on patients’ medical results.
The primary care nurse clinicians are involved in a vital role in evidence collection along with patients’ management. Therefore, the success of EBP greatly depends upon the clinical expertise and evidence utilized to raise the esteem as well as patients’ prospects. The EBP tool assists practitioners to use their knowledge and skills in ensuring the patient access best treatment. For instance, it is important for clinicians to understand patient discharge routines in order to guarantee sound post operation management practices. To achieve this, the information available to practitioners must be objective thus reducing any threats of bias and distrust (Craig & Smyth, 2011). Thus, a profound knowledge level is attained in the use of EBP among nurse practitioners, which links beliefs, skill, and demographic factors to successful health care. This understanding of the respective factors, beliefs, and skill that affects healthcare by clinicians enable them to implement quality research in decision-making. Apply EBP as a standard tool enhances objectivity and certainty in health care, thereby promising a boost in patients’ welfare.
Evidence Based Practice is an important tool in healthcare since it helps practitioners to exploit their abilities and knowledge fully in the interest of the patient. The understanding is that patients may decide to decline certain treatments or medication afforded to them, which should be respected by nurses, but with proper and adequate information regarding the choices they make. In the nursing profession, EBP is paramount to enable the nursing staff to achieve clinical efficiency and effectiveness, which otherwise improve on the patient outcomes (Brown et al., 2009). However, the matters of concern in the use of EBP involve the willingness of nurse practitioners to enforce the practice into the present-day system through a well-managed implementation program in addition to the systematic appraisal of the outcomes. Evidence Based Practice is a no ending study process that begins with a practitioner questioning the patients, relating the information to the available evidence and thereafter applies clinical expertise to make judgments. The aim of integrating evidence based practice tool in the nursing sector is supported by the need to improve healthcare, therefore, it is important for clinicians to uphold a high level of professionalism, integrity, and privacy (Brown et al., 2009). This would give patients an assurance that private information such as their health records would be handled with due respect and care. As such, patients would feel free to share pertinent information with the nursing staff, which as well has a positive impact on their performance.
The process in which evidence-based practice is applied consists of several steps. First, nursing practitioners need to prepare for the clinical questions that would obtain all relevant information for sound health decisions. Second, the practitioner should collect from patients the finest evidence to resolve the devised clinical questions. The next step requires clinicians to employ their skills and expertise to analyze critically the best evidence collected based on its relationship with the patient’s health record. Thereafter, clinicians should make considerate reviews of the evidence taking account their expertise, experience, the patients’ state, the resources available, along with any interests the patient might have concerning the situation (Craig & Smyth, 2011). Lastly, the nursing staff should apply the evidence in their practice to make precise decisions in the best interest of the patients and good understanding of the nursing ethical conduct. EBP has greatly changed the role nursing managers take charge of in the profession. For instance, the leaders should in the present day review and appraise the manner in which the nursing staff handles patients, use their skills and past evidence to improve the healthcare setting (Brown et al., 2009). This change is good both to the healthcare settings and to patients whom healthiness and preferences are guaranteed.
Evidence Based Practice is an important standard assessment tool in the healthcare setting. The program enables clinicians to gather evidence and apply their expertise to improve the health standards in the field (Craig & Smyth, 2011). Additionally, EBP has improved the patient understanding of their rights of service such as choice of treatment, and have their preferences as well as value taken into account during health management. The implementation of EBP in the health sector majorly relies upon the willingness, the skills and need of nursing staff boost service level. Therefore, the quality and quantity of evidence become vital factors in decision-making. Even though the practice has various advantages such as improved quality of care, better resource management and scientific evaluation, a number of conflicts exist (Brown et al., 2009). For instance, EBP suffers from inefficiencies attained in transforming information into practice, setting up medical processes, as well as reduce data redundancy to give more accurate evidence judgments. Hence, as nurse clinicians accept greater roles in primary care, they should understand the dynamics in EBP in order to develop their decision-making skills. This research observes that Evidence Based Practice is an important tool in the nursing field acknowledging the impact it has on improving decisions through collaborative research, client involvement, and critical thinking.
Craig, J. V., & Smyth, R. L. (2011). Evidence-Based Practice Manual for Nurses. Amsterdam: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Brown, C. E., Wickline, M. A., Ecoff, L., & Glaser, D. (2009). Nursing practice, knowledge, attitudes and perceived barriers to evidence‐based practice at an academic medical center. Journal of advanced nursing, 65(2), 371-381.