Sample Discussion Conclusion Paper on Research Findings on the Physical Activities in Patients with Schizophrenia

Article used:

Rastad, C., Martin, C., and Asenlof, P. (2014). Barriers, Benefits, and Strategies for Physical Activity in Patients with Schizophrenia. Physical Therapy, 94(10), pp.1467-1479.


Schizophrenia has emerged as one of the most severe and mental disorders with lifelong adversities to patients suffering from it (Arvidsson, Bergman, Arvidsson, Fridlund & Tingström, 2012). Some of the etiological theories have come up with some suggestions that it is a developmental brain disease as well as a progressive brain disease. A research was conducted to find out some of the barriers, benefits and strategies that come be put in place for physical exercises in patients suffering from schizophrenia. The prime objective was to conduct an analysis of the perception and experiences of inhibitors to and incentives for physical activities. The targeted population was the patients with schizophrenia, between the ages of 22-63 years.

The research study had a sample size of 20 patients suffering from schizophrenia as well as schizoaffective disorder. The sample of the study was made up of 13 men and seven women, who got registered at three outpatient healthcare organizations in Sweden (Rastad, Martin and Asenlof, 2014). The data collection method used was a qualitative one where some interviews, by use of semi-structured interviews, were conducted on all the patients. In this research study, the independent variables included barriers and incentives while the dependent variable was physical activity among these patients. The type of data used was a qualitative and was collected by use of qualitative methods of data collection.

In this study, the null hypothesis stated that there was no statistical significance in the application of barriers; aspects complicating and obstructing physical exercises for patients with Schizophrenia. Therefore, it meant that there was no statistical significance in the process of applying the motivation for physical activities and helpful strategies in the medical management of Schizophrenia.  The primary assumption in the study was that the results were going to provide reflection on important factors related to physical exercises in aged patients.

To test the overall significance of the obtained data and the study, the researchers analyzed the data by use of student t-test statistics. This was made possible by application of conventional qualitative content analysis and social packages for social scientists (SPSS).  The study had a significant limitation that entailed the failure of the education to give a reflection on the relevant factors to physical factors in aged patients. The study could not find representation for older patients, especially above 65 years, for those who were newly diagnosed as well as inpatients.

The conclusion of the research was that there was a statistical significance in the application of physical activities interventions for patients suffering from schizophrenia. The study found that patients suffering from schizophrenia benefited a lot from the personal analysis of barriers conducted as well as the reward for physical exercise. These were combined with the application of some tailored strategies including individual sport and activity planning (Chien, Mui, Cheung & Gray, 2015).


Arvidsson, S., Bergman, S., Arvidsson, B., Fridlund, B., & Tingström, P. (2012). Effects of a self-care promoting problem-based learning programme in people with rheumatic diseases: a randomized controlled study. J Adv Nurs, 69(7), 1500-1514. doi:10.1111/jan.12008

Chien, W., Mui, J., Cheung, E., & Gray, R. (2015). Effects of motivational interviewing-based adherence therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16(1). doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0785-z

Rastad, C., Martin, C. and Asenlof, P. (2014). Barriers, Benefits, and Strategies for Physical Activity in Patients With Schizophrenia. Physical Therapy, 94(10), pp.1467-1479.