In the current society, minority populations have various unique characteristics that define their wellbeing and way of life. The attributes influence their behaviors, practices, values, decisions, needs, and expectations. Satisfactory nursing practice puts in consideration the complex needs of these populations in order to enhance outcomes by eliminating conflicts. Indeed, knowledge about the cultural aspects of diverse groups is essential for nurses practicing in all settings (Siantz, 2008). Successful medical institutions rely on the contributions of culturally competent nurses to realize optimal results. These practitioners understand, appreciate, and respect the cultural heritage, practices, values, perceptions, and family systems of the diverse populations that they serve. In addition, respective professionals are knowledgeable about the complex factors that influence attainment of health within minority groups.
The principles of nursing should inform culturally competent practice at all times. These advocate for a nursing practice that acknowledges racial as well as ethnic differences of all populations (Engebretson, Mahoney & Carlson, 2008). Together with the management of the institutions that they work for, nurses should endeavor to review their practice in order to ensure sensitivity to the needs of minority populations that they serve. Health care institutions are responsible for providing resources and structures that support periodic evaluations and continued improvement of desirable nursing practice. Since they have sufficient knowledge in the field of cultural competence, nurses should ensure that health care delivery systems, resources, and policies support the needs of their clients. According to Purnell (2012), adoption of a multicultural workforce in healthcare institutions is an important strategy of empowering minority populations and catering for their cultural needs. In partnership with officials in the health department, it would be important to strengthen recruitment and retention of multicultural staffs within the hospital.
Engebretson, J., Mahoney, J. & Carlson, E. (2008).Cultural competence in the era of evidence-based practice.Journal of Professional Nursing, 24 (3), 172-178.
Purnell, L. (2012). Transcultural health care: A culturally competent approach. Philadelphia: Davis Company.
Siantz, M. (2008).Leading change in diversity and cultural competence.Journal of Professional Nursing, 24 (3), 167-171.