Erickson’s development theory elaborates eight stages in which a healthy human development transverses from early infancy to adulthood maturity (Cherry 1). A person tackles and equips himself/herself with new ideas on how to handle new challenges in each stage. Erickson’s theory comprises an advanced eight stages of life of an individual negotiation through the socio-cultural forces and biological forces, with each stage being distinguished by psychosocial crisis of two conflicting forces (Cherry 2). Just how exactly can Erikson’s theory be applied in a nursing situation? In this context, we will demonstrate how Erickson’s theory can be used to describe, explain, influence or control a nursing situation.
To describe the connection between Erickson’s development theory under the concept of nursing, we will consider the discussion of certain theories from different disciplines, which are commonly applied in nursing theories or research (Cherry 2). We apply theories in all aspects of life, not only to simplify our life but also for diagnoses of some disorders in human system. For instance, we apply the theory in our daily practices whenever we visit our units or clinical; were it not for theory, everything would start from scratch. We apply theories to comprehend human behaviors, workplace dynamics, family, and cultural patterns. We seek for patterns, which are theory based (Cherry 2).
The best way to explain how the theory is directly linked to nursing is by first considering how theories are developed. Theories are developed under the basis of discipline’s philosophy, with the experiences of a theorist, such as Erikson (Koshar 1). The theorist experience is again based on assumptions, which are normally explicit or implicit just like in Erickson’s stages. The theory concept is then advanced and later their linkages and structures are defined, resulting in the development of prepositions. In Erickson’s theory, all this development aspects are presented and the best way to confirm is through research (Koshar 1).
Erickson’s development theory has great influence on nursing. As per description, Erickson’s theory states that individuals develop under the basis of their body, mind, and cultural interactions (Cherry 1). According to its definition, it is essential for nurses to acquaint themselves with Erickson’s theory in order to respond to patients effectively (Arlene 1). For instance, an elderly man in frequent bad mood might be facing despair and if the nurse has this knowledge, then he/she can respond to him in the best way possible. Secondly, nurses can apply Erickson’s theory to collect information about patients and offer the necessary patient care. Thirdly, it is the duty of nurses to address the issues on lack of functioning and this theory is the best to follow. Lastly, after being familiar with Erickson’s theory, nurses can easily diagnose the symptomatic behavior of patients based on past traumatic experiences and current developmental struggles (Arlene 1).
Through Erickson’s development theory in relation to nursing theory, several sub-theories and empowerment competence have emerged to help control and enhance the discipline of nurses in medical field (Koshar 2). These theories have their own principles, which regulate the performances of nurses in their working environment. Examples of such theories include the empowerment theory, the collaborative governance structure, the nursing research committee, mechanisms fostering empowerment in committee members, and the illustrations of empowerment in action. The most prominent value of the above discussed theory is that it demystify why people experiencing thwarted health resolution in early stages such as health levels of autonomy in adulthood, had challenges with the crises, which cropped out in adulthood (Koshar 2). The theory aids to offer answers for practical usage, whereby nurses can relate to the theory and offer an easy and effective treatment to patients. Generally, the theory elevates new and advanced nurses and therapists.
Arlene, Harder. “Erikson Advanced Nursing Theory Impact on Nursing.” Erikson’s: Developmental Theory and Its Impact. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.
Cherry, Kendra. “Erikson’s: Developmental Theory and Its Impact on Nursing.” Erikson’s: Developmental Theory and Its Impact on Nursing. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.
Koshar, Jeanette. “Nursing Theories and Borrowed Theories.” Nursing research and evidence based practice. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.