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Sample Capstone Project Paper on Adolescents with Obesity

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Sample Capstone Project Paper on Adolescents with Obesity

Introduction

            Previous studies have proved that adolescents between 10-19 years are presently becoming obese (Reilly, 2006: Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2014). This study reviews proposed solution for adolescents with obesity problem (Freedman et al, 2011). The study offers approaches, which can be applied to manage adolescents’ problem. From previous studies, it was evident that most of the adolescents who are obese are likely to be obese in adulthood (Ogden et al, 2014). Intervention offered is related to the previous studies. The solutions offered are consistent with the culture of the community. Expected outcomes of the project are further emphasized. Approaches through which the outcomes are to be achieved are outlined within the study. The study further mentions barriers to be assessed and limitations, which are to be addressed. The study further describes the effect of the conclusion on patient-centered quality care.

Thesis

            The rate of obesity among American adolescents is presently increasing

Objectives
  • To come up with solutions for the health problem
  • Ensure that the solutions are consistent with the community culture
  • Highlight the expected outcomes
  • Underline the impact of the outcome
Proposed Solution
  • Physical exercises
  • Healthy nutrition
  • Modification of lifestyle
  • Positive influence of the society (Freedman et al, 2011)
  • Change of policies within the educative institutions

Adolescent obesity is one of the health problems experienced in the American health department (Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2014). Obesity results to different health complications on the affected. For example, there is a continued risk of cardiovascular infections, pre-diabetes, bone and joint problems and sociological problems. There is therefore a higher risk of contracting diseases among the obese adolescents (National Center for Health Statistics, 2012).

In order to overcome the prevailing problems and its effects, there is need to apply strategies (Daniels, 2005). There are various solutions offered to manage obesity among adolescents between the ages 10-19. These include physical exercises such as walking, biking, and running (Sallis & Karen, 2009). The activities will enhance management of weight among the adolescents (Freedman et al, 2011).  These exercises are to take place for around 30-60 minutes for three-five days. This is a manageable approach of solving obesity. In addition to this, it is cost effective and requires minimal education. The affected ought to measure their body mass index before and after the exercises (Moore, Diez, Nettleton & Jacobs, 2008).

 There is need for the affected who reside in neighborhoods with adequate space to walk and use recreation facilities for physical fitness. This strategy is best applicable to the immigrants (Popkin and Udry, 1998). The public can make use of the public transport instead of using mobile means of transport. Healthy lifestyles need to be incorporated (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2005). Instead of enjoying computer games, cone sweeteners and foods rich in fats and sugar, adolescents needs to assume nutritional foods which have been prepared in a healthy manner (Sallis, J. & Karen, 2009). Adaptation of former healthy lifestyles ought to be adopted. In the past, physical exercises were acquired through participation of the physical activities such as household tasks (National Center for Health Statistics, 2012). Automated machines have presently replaced these. Movements, which have been reduced, can be re-introduced within the homes. Limitation of the labor saving devices can be done for healthier lifestyles (Daniels, 2005). Through this approach, the periodic bills such as water and electricity can be limited. Adolescents will further reduce the cost of attending recreational places. They are also to manage their time, as less time will be wasted while taking outdoor exercises. Therefore, in order to solve obesity among the adolescents, there is need to analyze environmental, cultural, and present policies. Both males and female immigrants can apply this strategy. This is because immigrant males are likely to be obese than females (Popkin and Udry, 1998). The move is also likely to reduce the obesity rate of 26% (Popkin and Udry, 1998).

In order to reduce the rate of obesity, it is advisable to incorporate healthy nutrition in the diet (Daniels, 2005). This measure is to enable the public to assume healthy lifestyle. Food environments are also associated with obesity and nourishing eating (Moore, Diez, Nettleton & Jacobs, 2008). The public who have access to nutritional foods are advised to take healthy diets (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2005). Managing food intake is cost effective as most of the healthy foods are easily available (Popkin & Udry, 1998). In as much as snacks and the soft drinks are cheaper in urban areas, preparation of healthy foods is much cheaper in the end. There is need to encourage the public to change their lifestyles. This is because it is difficult for people to drastically change their lifestyles (Krebs, 2007).

 

 

Community Culture

            The suggested solutions are consistent with the community culture. Most of the Americans youths prefer snacks and ready meals instead of the nutritionally prepared foods. These junk are also expensive. By introducing healthy meals, the public are able to buy and prepare the foods in their homes. In this manner, the cost of living will be reduced. This is also likely to reduce the health insurance cost. Most of the health institutions will have reduced number of patients to manage. Taking physical exercises is part of the American culture (Sallis & Karen, 2009). Most of the modern residential places have adequate recreational spaces. This is according to the present residential policies. Limiting the usage of labor-reducing devices is also assumed to reduce high bills experienced by families. This is because most of these devices use electricity and water. In addition to this, by doing housework, adolescents will be allowed to exercise. In as much as this practice is not preferred in most houses in America, it is cost effective and manageable.

Expected Outcomes

            The main objective of introducing these healthy measures is to reduce the rate of adolescent obesity in America. The study seeks to manage the obesity as one of the major health challenges in America. Cost effective means have been introduced to reduce the cost of managing obesity among the adults (Boutelle, Story, Resnick & Neumark-Sztainer, 2001). This is due to the studies which realized that majority of the obese adolescents are likely to become obese in adulthood.

Approaches to Outcome
  1. Physical activities
  • 3-5 days weekly
  • To begin with aerobics and simple dancing moves for 30 minutes
  • Thereafter to continue with walking, running and other strenuous exercises for 60 minutes as the exercise progresses (Sallis & Karen, 2009)
  • Divide the time into two, morning and afternoon
  • Alternatively, acquire recreational facilities within residential places
  • Adolescents to assist in the daily house chores at home
  1. Adoption of healthy eating
  • Healthy preparation of foods at home
  • Eating of balanced diet at specific times of the day
  • Instead of eating snacks and sweetened foods, introduce fruits and vegetables
  • Adoption of healthy lifestyle
  • Adequate exercise
  • Application of labor intensive house work within the house
  • Balanced diet
  • Adoption of healthy hobbies
Barriers to be assessed and eliminated
  • Lack of adequate space for exercise within the residential areas: There is need for the government to ensure that all residential places have adequate space for exercises such as walking and running
  • Cost of healthy foods: The government can moderate the market price for the healthy foods.
  • Presence of chronic illness; before introduction of strenuous exercises, the participants are to confirm their health status
  • Limited time for exercise: the adolescents ought to manage their time well to incorporate sufficient time for exercises.
Assumptions
  1. All the adolescents are at risk of becoming obese
  2. Both males and females are at equal risk of becoming obese
  • All the races are at risk of having obese adolescents
  1. The affected are physically fit; none of the affected is physically disabled
  2. The adolescents have no chronic illness which may limit their kinds of food, amount and time for eating
  3. The participants can manage the cost of recreation and healthy food
Impact of the Outcome

As the stated objectives are met, the quality of care offered at the patient-centered health institutions is to improve (Moore, Diez, Nettleton & Jacobs, 2008: Daniels, 2005). This is because the number of patients seeking care related to unhealthy lifestyle will reduce (Freedman et al, 2011). Furthermore, more revenue collected by the government can be directed to other health related departments. Insurance policies are likely to change, as few patients will be served with the problem of adult obesity in the future. Better care is expected to be offered to the races, which are at risk of having more obese adults (Moore, Diez, Nettleton & Jacobs, 2008: Popkin and Udry, 1998). According to Freedman et al, (2011), it is possible to apply enhanced strategies to improve weight among the adolescents. Through physical exercise and introduction of healthy food, the rate of the obesity is expected to reduce (Freedman et al, 2011). Second and third generation immigrants in America can apply the stated strategies to reduce the rate of obesity even in adulthood (Popkin & Udry, 1998).         

            Additional specialized expertise will be required. More nutritionists and dieticians are expected to be consulted for advice on the right kind and portions of foods the adolescents are to take (Krebs, 2007). Medical professionals will have to verify that the health status of the adolescents before they undertake any physical exercise. In addition to this, patient care will include measurement of BMI and weight as a precautionary measure against obesity in adulthood. By demanding for more recreational facilities and space within the residential places, government policies are expected to introduce environmental changes. The housing department is expected to ensure that houses have sufficient spaces for walking around and doing house chores.

Conclusion

Adolescents between 10-19 years are presently becoming obese. The study has offered solution for adolescents with obesity. Approaches to manage adolescents’ problem have been highlighted. Solutions offered are consistent with the community culture. The study has further mentioned barriers to apply the approaches to the problem. More medical and professional expertise is expected to be applied in future among the adolescents.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Boutelle, K., Story, M., Resnick, M. & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2001). “Weight Control Behaviors among Obese, Overweight and Non-Overweight Adolescents.” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 27(6): 531-540.

Daniels, S. R., Arnett, D. K., Eckel, R. H., et al. (2005). “Overweight in Children and Adolescents: Pathophysiology, Consequences, Prevention, and Treatment.” Circulation 111. 1999–2002.

Freedman, D. S., Zuguo, M., Srinivasan, S. R., Berenson, G. S., & Dietz, W. H. (2007). “Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Excess Adiposity among Overweight Children and Adolescents: The Bogalusa Heart Study.” Journal of Pediatrics, 150(1):12–17.

Krebs, N. F., Himes, J. H., Jacobson, D., Nicklas, T. A., Guilday, P. & Styne, D. 2007). “Assessment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity.” Pediatrics, 120:S193–S228.

Melnyk, B., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Moore, L. V., Diez, Roux, A. V. Nettleton, J. A. & Jacobs, D. R. (2008). “Associations of the Local Food Environment with Diet Quality: A Comparison of Assessments Based on Surveys and Geographic Information Systems.” American Journal of Epidemiology.

National Center for Health Statistics. (2012). With Special Features on Socioeconomic Status and Health. Department of Health and Human Services. Hyattsville.

Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B., K. & Flegal, K. M. (2014). “Prevalence of Childhood and Adult Obesity in the United States, 2011-2012.” Journal of the American Medical Association, 311(8): 806-814.

Popkin & Udry. (1998). “Adolescent Obesity Increases Significantly in Second and Third Generation U.S. Immigrants: The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.” Journal of Nutritional Services, 128(4): 701-706

Reilly, J. J. (2006). “Obesity Tackling the Obesity Epidemic: New Approaches.” Arch Dis Child, 91(9): 724-726

Sallis, J. & Karen, G. (2009). “Physical Activity and Food Environments: Solutions to the Obesity Epidemic.” The Milbank Quarterly, 87(1): 123-154.

 

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