Fill in the missing information for each of the following systems:
|Treatments or therapies used
Licensing or certification
|The treatment relies heavily on philosophy, science and beliefs.
|Puts more emphasis on disease prevention
|Herbs are used for treatment. Other treatments include right thinking, diet and improving one’s lifestyle (Lad, 2002)
|The National Ayurvedic Medical Association is the overseeing organization in USA
|Traditional Chinese medicine
|The treatment bases its understanding of diseases on the nature. It views human being as having a close relationship with natural environment
|Diseases are considered to be digression from natural conditions (Fan, 2008)
|Herbal medicines from China
Certification is done by the national certification commission for acupuncture and oriental medicine
|Native American medicine
|The system comprises of healing practices and beliefs of indigenous people from north America.
|A person’s wellbeing is influenced by inner body and nature
|The treatment combines herbalism, magic and spirituality in treating emotional and physical ailments. Emphasis is put on the holistic treatment of mind, spirit and body (Miczak, 1999).
|No formal training and skills in herbal medicines come with time
|This treatment system is founded on the philosophy that substances that produce symptoms in healthy people can cure symptoms in sick people (Schmukler, 2006).
|People are unique and they react to diseases in different ways.
|Uses doses to stimulate the natural healing process of a person
|One has to follow the law of similar and minimum dose to practice this type of treatment.
Regulation is done by FDA
|Physicians are supposed to work in collaboration with nature in restoring health of a person.
|The system is founded on natural healing power. Physicians are supposed to identify and treat factors that cause illness and they should not do harm to ailing people
|Treatment involves therapeutic methods as well as substances that promote self-healing process of a person. The process is executed through education and use of natural therapeutics (Bakhru, 2005)
|Licensing is done by states
|Diseases are detected through massages, moving and stretching joints and muscles of an ailing person
|The treatment is based on the principle that people’s wellbeing depend on their ligaments, muscles, connective tissues as well as bones. Accordingly, spirit, mind and body are seen to influence the wellbeing of a person. In addition, body structures and functions are seen to interrelate with one another with the body seen as possessing self-regulatory mechanisms that enhance self-healing (Marcer, & Parsons, 2006).
|Treatment is aimed at enhancing joint mobility, blood supply and easing tension in the muscles. relieve
|Licensing is done by states
Certification is done by national board of medical examiners
|A range of techniques that focus their attention on spine manipulation are applied in this treatment system. In addition, physicians offer advice on exercises, lifestyle and diet (Bergmann, & Peterson, 2011).
|Health is considered to be a complex process where all parts of the body are seen as striving to preserve homeostatic balance against a changing environment
|The most common therapies in this system of treatment are the manual therapies
|Training is done in colleges and certification done by those colleges
|The flow and balance of energy in the body is considered the basis of good health; thus, diseases arise when there is energy imbalance.
|Treatment is based on principles of energy that include neutrality, repulsion and attraction (Morningstar, 1995)
|Treatment concerns itself with maintained energy balance in the body
|Certification is done by American polarity therapy association
|These are treatments practiced by medical doctors
|The principle of this treatment is to combine drug and surgery in curing physical symptoms. This principle is based on departmentalization of body parts so that they can be treated separately (Brunner, & Smeltzer, 2010).
|Surgery and use of manufactured drugs are the main therapies
|Licensing is done by states and regulating bodies
Bakhru, H. (2005). Naturopathy for longevity. Mumbai: Jaico Publishing House.
Bergmann, T., & Peterson, D. (2011). Chiropractic technique: Principles and procedures. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Mosby.
Brunner, L., & Smeltzer, S. (2010). Brunner & Suddarth’s textbook of medical-surgical nursing. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Fan, K. (2008). A guide to Chinese medicine on the internet. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Lad, V. (2002). Ayurveda: The science of self-healing: a practical guide. Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass.
Marcer, N., & Parsons, J. (2006). Osteopathy: Models for diagnosis, treatment and practice. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
Miczak, M. (1999). Nature’s weeds, native medicine: Native American herbal secrets. Twin Lakes, Wisc: Lotus Press.
Morningstar, A. (1995). Ayurvedic cooking for westerners: Familiar western food prepared with Ayurvedic principles. Twin Lakes, Wis: Lotus Press.
Schmukler, A. (2006). Homeopathy: An A to Z home handbook. Woodbury, Minnesota: Llewellyn Publications.