Let me start by acknowledging the fact that I did not know that at the end of 2009, roughly 1,148,200 persons were living with HIV infections in USA (CDC, 2016). However, I knew that a considerable number of people living in our nation live with this infection.
As for the HIV and AIDs, the two are not the same thing. On one hand, HIV itself is a virus whereas AIDs, on the other hand, is a medical condition that emanates from HIV virus. Consequently, a person might be HIV positive, but without AIDs. In such a case, a HIV positive person might look and feel perfectly healthy, but in case that person develops AIDs condition, the health condition of that person might change instantly because AIDs is a medical condition. At the same time, a HIV positive person without AIDs condition might have an effective immune system, whereas a person with AIDs has very weak immune system (Gross, & Tyring, 2011). This means that the difference between the two is that AIDs is a medical condition that weakens the immune system of a person whereas HIV is a virus that if put under medication might not weaken a person’s immune system. Furthermore, a HIV positive person might not show symptoms of sickness whereas a person with AIDs condition might show symptoms of various sicknesses acquired over time such as cancer, TB and meningitis.
In order to prevent coming into contact with blood-borne pathogens, one should do the following. First, one should wear disposable gloves when handling infected persons. Second, one should avoid coming into contact with body fluids from infected persons. Third, when attending different people or patients, one should change gloves before attending another person or patient. Fourth, one should remove gloves carefully after using them to avoid contamination (Gross, & Tyring, 2011). At the same time, one should dispose those gloves carefully.
CDC. (2016). Centers for disease control and prevention. Retrieved on 2nd August 2016 from
Gross, G., & Tyring, S. (2011).Sexually Transmitted Infections and Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.