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Sample Research Paper on Effects of UNHCR

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Sample Research Paper on Effects of UNHCR

Introduction

The United Nations (UN) is a world body incorporating nearly all states across the world. The UN as it is commonly known has specific mandates to play in the society. Top on its list has been the protection of human rights of all groups across different states. It also protects minority groups such as refugees and the lesbian and gay community.

To effectively cater for the rights of the entire above group and to keep up with the organisation’s transactional culture, the body organisational culture needs to balance between its mandate to the whole world and organising its internal environment (Barnett & Finnemore, 2012). The body will fail if it places more emphasis on one area and neglects the other area. An excellent organisational culture plays an important role in determining the success of any organisation throughout the world (Barnett & Finnemore, 2012).  Since the United Nations is composed of different numerous states across the globe, it is considered as one of the most diverse bodies that currently exist (Rosenow-Williams & Behmer, 2015). Therefore, various management strategies should be in place to handle the diverse nature of its member state.  The body is also supposed to come up and implement policies that deal with age, gender and diversity so that it ensures that there is equal protection of human rights across all areas (Gottwald, 2010). The United Nations role is to ensure that such policies are implemented on a global scale so that they produce the required effect. The United Nations main aim goal is to realise a world where human rights are respected across board irrespective of the location or country where an individual comes from.

United Nations Multiculturalism

 Multiculturalism is term that is used to describe co-existence between different cultures. In this case cultures refer to religious, cultural or racial groups. Culture is also linked to cultural assumptions and values, patterns of thinking, communicative styles and cultural values and assumptions present in a given cultural group. The United Nation as a body brings all of the above factors together and manages to establish an even ground where all cultures of different nations across the world are respected and obeyed .  Bringing together of different cultures across the world is never easy since some cultures may be conflicting in one way or another (Rosenow-Williams & Behmer, 2015).

However, the United Nations has a framework that ensures that all cultures play on the same level field.  This is eased by its main mandate which involves equal rights for all individuals across the society (Rosenow-Williams & Behmer, 2015).  If equal rights are to be implemented in any society, then it is only fair that the different cultures recognise the existence of others and society and in no way attempt to delimit their rights since they are a minority in the society or they are a unique group such as the gay and lesbian community. 

By doing this it becomes easier for the United Nations to apply some of its basic principles without creating any form of competition or bias among different cultures. United Nations has to balance all the principles of human rights across all cultures ad ensure that the principles set forth do not necessarily go against the held beliefs of a given community. Different cultures have an opportunity to present their views on whether certain rights infringe their cultural practices (Rosenow-Williams & Behmer, 2015). Most rights implemented by the United Nations have been found to be accepted across different cultures which make up the body. This shows that the body fully respect all rights among individuals.

UNHCR’s Organizational Culture

 For the United Nations to be more effective in carrying out its policies, it has several different divisions under its umbrella. Each division has a specific mandate that is supposed to be fulfilled without. An example of such a division is the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees which has been tasked with monitoring human rights of different refugees across different member states. For the division to be very effective it is important that the organisational culture of UNHCR be fit to play its required role in the society. The organisational structure of UN reveals several different aspects. First, the organisation has established an elaborate mandate that is followed to the later. A mandate serves as a guideline on the specific things that are supposed to be carried out by the organisation (Barnett & Finnemore, 2012).  The mandate of this commission is to ensure that the rights of refugees across different parts of the world are adhered to and followed to the latter. The staff under the above division show high levels of commitment in achieving the stated goal of the organisation (Wigley, 2005).

Dealing with refugees is not as easy as dealing with the other members of the society coming from different member states, refugees have special needs which must be delivered (Betts, 2010). The staffs working under the above division have shown high levels of satisfaction are assisting the refugees. They believe in making a difference in the world. The division boasts of its talented managers and leaders who are able to effectively lead the organisation (Wigley, 2005). The division also boasts of having employees who have formed strong bonds among themselves and have positive relationship with the refugees and among themselves. Such forms of relationships play a vital role in ensuring the mandate of the organisation is followed to the latter and achieved within a specific period (Barnett & Finnemore, 2012).

The organisation has a firm conviction that they are on the correct path and that they would continue doing this in the correct manner. There is a high feeling that the organisation understands it shortcomings and is attempting to put everything in the right place to overcome the challenges that have been noted. There is also a strong belief of democracy as well ideals and commitment to their cause of helping refugees meet their goals (Wigley, 2005). The division has also shown it ability in mobilizing resources for refugees especially during times of emergencies or disaster. The organisation has also managed to invest in training of its employees as well as refugees (Wigley, 2005). Although the organisation faces some challenges in the implementation of their role, the organisation has put its best feet forward in overcoming some of these challenges in society.

Diversity in the United Nations Workplace and Management Strategies

 The United Nations manages diversity across it different member’s states by using several important management strategies. First heterogeneity is exploited to ensure that individuals from different member states are employed in different offices in UN (Olivius, 2015). Heterogeneity   employment forms ensure that the work place has different people who provide multifaceted approaches in dealing with issues that currently affect the society (Barnett & Finnemore, 2012).  When employees are selected from different countries they provide different solutions to the same problems providing the body with different approaches in dealing with the same issue. Moreover, divisions of UN such as UNHCR that caters for the rights of refugees may require nationals from the country of origin where a refugee crisis is in managing the situation since they would have enough information on the culture of the people as well as the surrounding dynamics that are to be followed (Barnett & Finnemore, 2012). In other words they are better equipped in handling with the refugees in their own country as opposed to an individual from a foreign country. Heterogonous employees would also bring on board different expertise levels.

UNHCR Age, Gender and Diversity Policy

 This policy advocates for equal right among all individuals in the society who have been classified as refugees so that they may have an equal chance of participating in community based activities as equal members (Freedman, 2010). The policy advocates that all members of the society irrespective of their age, gender or diversity be provided with equal opportunities in the societies irrespective of their status as refuges in different countries (Addo, 2010).  The main aim of the policy is to ensure that the above named people are in no way excluded by the society in any way (Freedman, 2010). This is to be achieved by working directly with the population of people that has been affected.  Ensuring that senior manages of the above program directly implement all aspects present  under the UNHCR cycle, building capacity among the affected individual  as well as providing both human and financial resources for the above program (Turk & Eyster, 2010). Immediately all of the above aspects have been incorporated, an audit would be carried out to determine the effectiveness of the approaches implemented by UNHCR (Turk & Eyster, 2010).

United Nations Globalization and Role into the Future

 The United Nations remains one of the bodies that have an important global role compared to other bodies.  Its main function or mandate would be to translate all of its mentioned roles in its mandate into reality based outcomes. To do this, it needs to spread each of the above aspect to different parts of the continent. For UNHCR, the integration of refugees into society and observance of their rights as fellow citizens across different nations will play a critical role in achieving its mandate (Turk & Eyster, 2010). Different players are supposed to join hands to ensure that the rights of refugees are respected across the world and are treated as equal members of the society. The United Nations is also supposed to implement some recommendation on how they could improve its organisational culture to meet its mandate to the society.

 

Conclusion

The United Nations remains one of the global bodies committed in ensuring equal rights among different members of the society. The body organisational culture is resigned to achieving the above stated goal and it has placed several important measures to achieve the above though it is still faced by numerous challenges. One of the bodies in UN, UNHCR is playing a critical role in ensuring that the rights of all refugees irrespective of their age, gender and diversity are respected. The United Nations applies multiculturalism in solving some of the problems witnesses in the current society.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

 

 

Addo, M. K. (2010). Practice of United Nations human rights treaty bodies in the reconciliation   of cultural diversity with universal respect for human rights. Human Rights Quarterly,            32(3), 601-664.

Barnett, M., & Finnemore, M. (2012). International Organizations. Political Science,          4611(101/5611), 101.

Betts, A. (2010). The refugee regime complex. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 29(1), 12-37.

Freedman, J. (2010). Mainstreaming gender in refugee protection. Cambridge review of     international affairs, 23(4), 589-607.

Gottwald, M. (2010). Competing in the Humanitarian Marketplace: UNHCR’s Organizational      Culture and Decision-making Processes. UNHCR, Policy Development and Evaluation            Service.

Olivius, E. (2015). Constructing Humanitarian Selves and Refugee Others: Gender Equality and  he Global Governance of Refugees. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 1-21.

Rosenow-Williams, K., & Behmer, K. (2015). A Gendered Human Security Perspective on           Humanitarian Action in IDP and Refugee Protection. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 34(3), 1 23.

Turk, V., & Eyster, E. (2010). Strengthening Accountability in UNHCR. International Journal     of Refugee Law, 22(2), 159-172.

UNHCR Age, Gender and Diversity Policy: Working with people and communities for equality   and protection ( 2011). United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees  June 2011

Wigley, B. (2005). The state of UNHCR’s organizational culture. Evaluation and policy analysis  unit, UNHCR.

 

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