In a court of law, the plaintiff is the originator of a suit. The plaintiff is also known as the complainant and brings a suit against the defendant. The defendant responds to the allegations leveled against him by the plaintiff.
Tort requires three specific things and these are the intention, negligence and strict liability. Vicarious liability is that situation where a person is held responsible for the actions of another person or the omissions. For example, an employer is held liable for actions of its employees as long as what they do happens in the course of their duty.
The five elements of negligence are; the duty, the breach, the actual cause, proximate cause, and lastly damages.
Some of the important elements of a contract are; capacity, legality, consideration and mutual assent.
The False Claims Act prohibits telling a neighbor that a factory just burnt down. THE IEEE code of ethics requires that we avoid harm to others.
The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 prohibits manipulating quarterly earnings report to show more income than actually occurred. This manipulation is unethical
The Sherman Law and the Anti Trust law prohibits meeting with a competitor to fix a price for an upcoming contract. Fixing prices creates a very unfair ground for other businesses to thrive. This kind of behavior is very unethical.
Buying a competitor’s product then destroy it is unethical and unfair competition and borders on illegality. Under IEEE obligation engineers should not be influenced by a conflict of interest. Buying a competitor’s product at Best Buy and giving it to a city employee in order to get a contract for your company is unethical and illegal for wrongful representation to gain an advantage. High integrity should be maintained at all times. Reading out a competitor’s software and then using it in your product is an infringement on the copyright material and is equally unethical. IEEE advocates for honesty and trustworthiness. Hiring the brother of an employee of your biggest customer so the customer will give you more business is equally unethical and illegal. It also fosters nepotism. Proper management of personnel is emphasized to IEEE.