Sample Essay on International Conflict Resolution

According to Phillips (2013), it took the international peace community about three years to stop the infamous ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. However, the same was not to be repeated in solving the Kosovo dispute. Notably, President George Bush administration was quick to halt the 1998 Kosovo conflict with the aid of a 78-day air campaign by NATO. The interventions in the two countries showed the significance of collective security (Sarkesian, Williams, & Cimbalas, 2008). Some of the lessons include the use of diplomacy and winning public and congressional support.

First, the use of diplomacy was vastly present in these missions, where the U. S and Russia used the KosovoVerification Mission to negotiate the withdrawal of Serbian insurgents in the mountains so as humanitarian efforts could be facilitated ( Hook & Spanier, 2013). The move was instigated immediately after 40 Kosovarsmainly women and children had been massacred (T.J, 2013). This was an improvement on the handling of the Bosnian conflict where intervention was instigated after 100,000 people had been killed. Secondly, gaining civilian and key community individuals’ support is crucial in winning international disputes. For instance, during the Kosovo conflict, the U.S administration used the media and civil society to expose the ill-fated deeds of Milosevic and concurrently won in its bid for a military action (Philips, 2013). The public relation engagement made the Albanian- Americans and lawmakers support the U.S efforts.

Evidently, America had its interest by participating in the Bosniaconflict through   NATO. One, it wanted to prove that NATO, an integral union of the allied force, was still a force to reckon in the military realm after the post –war period.  On the same note, it was trying to prevent another world war, which would interfere with its economic interests in Europe.

Though the international body intervention in the Balkans was applauded, the use of military action precisely air strike was a wrong conflict resolution technique. Worse, the approach contributed to the death of several innocent civilians both in Kosovo and Serbia as worrying groups engaged in fierce attacks. Alternatively, the U.S and NATO would have engaged the Serbians in a more diplomatic way to control the situation instead of using aggression.

 

References

Hook, S., & Spanier, J. (2013). American Foreign Policy since World War II (19th ed., pp. 174-250). Washing DC: CQPRESS.

Phillips, D. (2013, Sept 3). Intervention Lessons from Kosovo for Syria. Huffing Ton Post, p. N.P.

Sarkesian, S. C., Williams, J. A., & Cimbala, S. J. (2008). US national security: policymakers, processes, and politics. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

  1. J. (2013, Sept 11). What did America learn from the 1999 Kosovo war? The Economist.