International civil order focuses on the maintenance of peace among and between nations. The organization oversees the restoration of peace in troubled areas by deploying different kinds of government officers. The military is the commonly known solution to community unrest and terror occurrences. However, the military is not always the best solution where nations are seeking peace or the intention of the intervention is to create reconciliation (Murphy and Katarina 137). The use of civilian police in peace operations has become a common phenomenon because the civilian police is believed to provide certain services in the operations that cannot be carried out in a military operation. The United States, for instance, deploys the civil police in different parts of the world that require peace operations (Weitz 143). However, although the civilian police are equipped to handle different peace operations, sometimes they require a military backing to ensure that all possible occurrences are well taken care.
The civilian police have the capability to establish and maintain law and order without arousing suspicion in the community. The civilian police are trained to fit in the society. Therefore, they can adapt to the social mode of operation with ease thus making it possible for them to understand the areas that need attention faster. The military, on the other hand, are trained to neutralize threats without paying much attention to the surrounding community. In other words, the military operates in a vacuum while the civilian police are trained to work with the community. Irregular forces such as riots, intimidation of persons, and attacks on property may occur in a peace operation. Such incidences do not require high force to neutralize but they pose a danger to peace and security (Kriegre 47). The civilian police are well equipped to deal with such irregular forces in a civilized way. The use of military power in neutralizing such incidences can breed fear and hatred within the society, thus worsening the situation, hence the need for civilian police in handling peace operations.
The main role of the civilian police in a peace operation is to establish and maintain law and order. The police work with the community to establish the potential threats to peace and security and come up with society sensitive solutions to the problems. Further, the civilian police trains, educates, and guide the society on peaceful operations that prevent resumption of hostility. In other words, the civilian police ensure that the society returns to its normal state or even a better sates that guarantees short term and long-term stability of peace (Janssens 153). The community easily accepts the civilian police because they are trained to work within the society. Additionally, the presence of civilian police in a society indicates a high level of security while the presence of the military indicates the lack of peace.
On the other hand, the civilian police face a few challenges while carrying the peace operations. As it is the case with many operations, attacks are bound to arise and some of these attacks require a higher use of power. The civilian police lack the military training necessary to handle excess unrest and extreme rebellion. Additionally, the maintenance of law and order requires many people working together. In a peace operation, it is often impossible to deploy enough human power thus leaving the civilian police unit, incapable of handling the problems on the ground (Oakley et al. 175). As such, it is vital to use civilian police in peace operations, but with a military backup for effective service delivery.
Janssens, Jelle. State building in Kosovo: a plural policing perspective. Antwerp, Belgium: Maklu, 2015. Print.
Krieger, Heike. The Kosovo conflict and international law: an analytical documentation, 1974-2012. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Print.
Murphy, Ray, and Katarina Mansson. Peace Operations and Human Rights. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2013. Print.
Weitz, Richard. War and governance international security in a changing world order. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger Security International, 2011. Print.
Oakley, Robert B., Michael J. Dziedzic, and Eliot M. Goldberg. Policing the new world disorder : peace operations and public security. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1998. Print.