Sample Article Review Paper on is it Time to Classify Obesity as a Disease?

Introduction

Obesity is a problem that has afflicted many people, especially in the developed world. Globally, approximately 17% of the population is considered obese. In the US, approximately 60% of the adult population is obese, while 23% of all children are obese. Majority of data and information on the disease prevention tie it to poor eating habits and lack of physical exercise. However, medical experts and clinicians are beginning to believe that obesity is becoming more of a disease than a catalyst for causing other diseases. To support this analogy, three articles will be considered to presage the direction that research and fighting methodologies for obesity will take.

Précis of Articles

Leonard’s article titled, ‘device to fight obesity’ depicts change in the standpoint of fighting disease. According to the article, scientists have assumed that the disease called eating disordered overfeeding causes obesity, and hence they have developed a device that is implanted between the stomach and its nerve linking it to the brain (Leonard, US News). The device functions by preventing signals from the stomach to the brain that one is hungry, or the stomach is not full. Croft’s article on the other hand, looks at the research efforts by scientists to produce medicine that cures obesity. He explains that there are only five drugs in the US for treating obesity, and one in Canada (Crofts, St. Albert Gazette). Contrastingly, other diseases, such as diabetes have more than 30 different drugs, and research is still ongoing to produce more drugs. Kelsey’s article shows efforts by the US government that have been implemented by the FDA to control obesity, while simultaneously showing results of statistics for obesity (US News).

Perspectives of Articles

The articles have one commonality – obesity. However, further focus is laid on the emergence of obesity as a global epidemic whose current solutions of maintaining varying one’s lifestyles have presented very little success. The articles postulate changing the dynamics of fighting obesity from socio-cultural strategies, to scientific, technological, and medical strategies and methodologies. For instance, the article by Kelsey shows the US government efforts that refrains from advising people to stop eating certain products or foods, to taking tough measures that force companies to indicate calorie amounts on all their food and beverage products in a manner that is large and easily viewed by customers (US News). False figures or disregard for this directive results in dire consequences for the company.

The shift towards viewing obesity as a disease has resulted in pharmaceutical companies joining the field of treating it as a disease that requires medical and/or technological intervention. Both Leonard and Croft have shown each of these strategies are being used in a concerted effort to provide a profitable, yet unique solution tackling obesity as a disease. For instance, the device placed between the stomach and brain to block neurons sending signals to the brain is almost similar to a heart pacemaker machine. However, another view that can be considered from these articles would be that pharmaceutical companies are simply looking for other avenues to increase their revenues and profits, rather than in a bid to cure obesity. This analogy opens up an assortment of problems that the question of obesity is being neglected since these companies do not believe that curative measures for obesity can have a lasting effect on their patients or victims.

Works Cited

Crofts, Arnold. Traiter l’obésité comme une maladie chronique: Doc.St. Albert Gazette. 28 January 2015. Web.

Dallas, Knight. U.S. obesity rate is on the rise as health officials seek solutions. Deseret News. I February 2015. Web.

Leornard, Kesley. Dispositivo para luchar contra la obesidad shows cambio de perspectiva sobre la enfermedad: se acerca al tratamiento de la obesidad están evolucionando de una sola talla para todos enfoque. US News. 15 January 2015. Web.