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How to Write an Argumentative Essay

What is an Argumentative Essay?

You are here because you have been tasked to complete an assignment. This sample guide  illustrates what is expected, and how you are expected to complete your assignment. You can use this sample guide with a proper reference; if you are looking for an assignment to submit, please contact us for a non-plagiarized paper written by our professionals.

The following are the steps to writing an argumentative essay

STEP 1: Making a List of Pros and Cons

Make a list of the pros and cons of your plan is important before writing. Choose the most important point that supports your argument (pros) and the most important that refutes your argument (cons) and expound on the two concepts. A good Argumentative essay requires that you have a good structure, argument and counter argument. If you are looking for a high grade in your paper, then this should be your very first step.

STEP 2: Writing the Title

This is where you highlight what your essay is about. The title presents your stand in such a way that your stand is made known to the reader, thus preparing him on what to expect in your essay. While writing an argumentative essay, the pros and cons you included in your plan will enable you come up with a suitable title for your essay. To illustrate writing of an argumentative essay, we will focus on the following topic: An Argumentative Essay on Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

STEP 3: Writing the Thesis

The thesis in an argumentative essay should be as catchy as possible. A good thesis should contain facts or even quotations that will help you develop your argument through the essay.

Below is the thesis for an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

“What is freedom of expression? Without the freedom to offend, it ceases to exist” Salman Rushdie. This quote sums up the debate about freedom of speech and hate speech.

STEP 4: Writing the Introduction

At this point, you explain further on your topic. You could highlight the points you will include in the body paragraphs in the essay. Like the thesis, your introduction should be catchy. The introduction determines whether you have won or lost your reader.

Below is an Introduction for an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

It is a well-known fact that freedom of speech and expression belongs to the group of fundamental human rights of every person on this planet. Lately, we are witnessing the rising concerns about hate speech, is it protected by this basic human right or freedom of speech should have some limitations? Given the fact that every individual is allowed to express thoughts and beliefs, banning the negative comments would, in fact, deny his or her basic rights i.e. freedom of speech.

STEP 5: Writing the Body Paragraphs

Body paragraphs are the main part of the essay. It is through the body paragraphs that you give and explain your points to support your stand.

However, in argumentative essays, one begins with the pros for the first two body paragraphs, then the cons plus their refutations in another paragraph. The points should be the strongest from the list you had made at the beginning.

Below is how the body paragraphs in an argumentative essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech are structured. 

Body 1 in an Argumentative Essay

At this point, you are expected to put across your first and strongest pro point regarding the topic. Begin with a topic sentence and then reasons and examples to support it.

Argumentative Essay Writing: Topic Sentence

This is the first sentence of your body paragraph. As stated above, it should be the strongest pro point and should, therefore, be catchy enough to maintain the reader’s attention. The topic sentence should highlight what the rest of the paragraph will be about.

Below is a topic sentence for body 1 paragraph of an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

Freedom of speech reinforces all other human rights, thus allowing society to develop and progress at a constant rate.

Argumentative Essay Writing: Reason 1

This is where you give a further explanation of the topic sentence that you had stated earlier on. Since this is an argumentative essay, you should give factual evidence and related examples to support your argument.

Below is Reason 1 of an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

The ability to state our opinion and speak freely is pivotal for any change in society. Throughout the history, society evolved thanks to the individuals, great thinkers, brave leaders, who were not scared to express their beliefs. Back in time, those beliefs that were contrary to the typical “mindset” would be considered as hate, a hatred towards their way of life, culture, and tradition. The most reputable professors, experts, and campaigners only confirm that free speech has always been used to fight for change, for better times.

Argumentative Essay Writing: Body 2

In this paragraph, you give your second strongest pro point and like paragraph one, ensure you include valid and factual evidence and relevant examples to support your argument.

Argumentative Essay Writing: Topic Sentence

At this point, you highlight what your paragraph will be about. Again, it should be catchy enough such that it maintains the reader’s attention while introducing them to your second pro point.

Below is the Topic Sentence of an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

Free speech is also essential due to the ability to hear others and be heard at the same time.

Argumentative Essay Writing: Reason 2

This should be a further explanation of the already given topic sentence. It should contain factual evidence and examples to support your argument and help your second pro point valid.

Below is Reason 2 of an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

We need to hear other people’s views as well as offering them our own opinions. Unfortunately, one of the fastest-growing problems of our society is that people rarely listen to others and acknowledge their takes on certain topics if they don’t agree with them. We should feel comfortable exchanging ideas and thoughts with those who have opposing views. Experts agree that that way there would be less “hate speech” circling around..

Argumentative Essay Writing: Body 3

At this point, you put across the cons plus their refutations. The cons should however not be stronger than the pros that you had earlier on discussed. Begin with a topic sentence that has a transitional phrase to indicate the transition from the pros to the cons.

Argumentative Essay Writing: Topic Sentence

The topic sentence of a body 3 paragraph in an argumentative Essay should begin with transitional phrases such as:

  • While I have shown that… others may say…
  • Those who disagree claim that…

As in the other paragraphs, ensure that the topic sentence is as catchy as possible.

Below is the Topic Sentence of an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

While I have shown how important freedom speech is, some people tend to abuse such freedom and use it against their foes.

Argumentative Essay Writing: Reason 3

At this point, you elaborate further on what you have highlighted in the topic sentence and give relevant examples and evidence. You could counter the con with a refutation at this point.

Below is Reason 3 of an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

It comes as no wonder why insulting comments and expressing negative ideas are considered a threat to the humanity. A lot of people are anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim, anti-gay marriage, and so on. Those who assume hate speech is not a freedom of speech, primarily, focus on the expression of a negative attitude towards certain people and ideas. However, if we start banning people from expressing their beliefs, then what comes next? After one thing, there always comes another and, eventually, the mankind would live in fear of saying anything. The reality is that the society has become oversensitive; everything one does not agree with is considered insulting and branded as hate.

STEP 6: Argumentative Essay Writing: Writing the Conclusion

At this point, you give your actual stand on the given topic. You could restate the thesis statement as used in the introduction, or come up with a globally accepted fact, to sum up your argumentative essay.

Below is the conclusion of an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.

Finally, freedom of speech is the most important human right that every individual has the right to exercise. This freedom comes with the ability to express one’s opinion, regardless of its nature good or bad. What our society needs today are not limitations of free speech, but making efforts to establish dialogues between people with conflicting beliefs. Listening and being heard will go a long way; that way we could build bridges instead of burning them.

STEP 7: Argumentative Essay Writing: Writing the References

An argumentative Essay is considered valid if it is accompanied by references from which the reader may extract the evidence you gave in the essay. A reference page also recognizes the works done by previous authors regarding the subject.

Below are References for an Argumentative Essay about Freedom of Speech and Hate Speech.


Djuric, N., Zhou, J., Morris, R., Grbovic, M., Radosavljevic, V., & Bhamidipati, N. (2015, May). Hate speech detection with comment embeddings. In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web (pp. 29-30). ACM.

Asad, T., Brown, W., Butler, J., & Mahmood, S. (2013). Is critique secular?: blasphemy, injury, and free speech. Oxford University Press.

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