The importance and relevance of communicable diseases to at-risk populations by explaining their etiology and impacts ( Malaria)

The final project for this course is the creation of a disease brief.
The topic of communicable diseases is important in our society because such diseases are a major cause of morbidity. Communicable diseases have the potential to overwhelm the capacity of a community. The threat of communicable disease can be better understood when individuals understand how these diseases are transmitted and develop, as well as the signs and symptoms of these diseases, and prevention and treatment measures.
As a community health professional, you should have knowledge of communicable diseases and should be able to communicate that knowledge to at-risk populations. For this project, you will select a communicable disease and, after obtaining instructor approval of your selection, create a disease brief that can be given to individuals who are at risk of contracting or developing the disease. This assessment will allow you to exercise your research skills using scholarly sources and develop critical writing and communication skills. In order to educate people as a community health worker, you need to be knowledgeable of prevention/control measures for the disease you have chosen, as well as how the disease is transmitted. Even more importantly, you need to be able to communicate what you know to those who are at risk.
The project is divided into three milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules Two, Four, and Six. The final project will be submitted in Module Seven.
In this assignment, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following course outcomes:
• Communicate the importance and relevance of communicable diseases to at-risk populations by explaining their etiology and impacts
• Recommend targeted prevention or treatment options based on the etiology of communicable diseases
• Analyze the development of communicable diseases for identifying at-risk populations
• Utilize basic data analysis skills for examining disease trends within at-risk populations
Prompt
Develop a disease brief on a communicable disease of your choosing. You must receive instructor approval of your selection before beginning.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
I. Introduction: Identify the disease you have chosen and explain why it is important for people to be educated about this disease.
II. Disease History and Etiology: In this section, you will discuss the cause of the disease, its history, and how it has been treated in the past.
A. Using consumable language, briefly describe the etiology of the disease.
B. Identify when the disease was first recognized in human populations, and briefly explain how the disease has historically been treated.
III. Development and Symptoms: In this section, you will discuss the stages and development of the disease, its symptoms, and the effect the disease has
on the human body.
A. Explain how individuals develop or contract the disease.
B. Identify the internal areas of the body that are affected, explaining the impact of the disease on these areas.
C. Describe the external signs and symptoms of the disease.
IV. Risk: In this section, you will identify the population at risk, discuss incidence and prevalence, interpret data, and discuss treatment options that exist for
the disease.
A. Identify the population that is at risk of developing or contracting the disease, explaining why that specific population is at risk.
B. Determine the current incidence and prevalence of the disease in the at-risk population. Support your determination with current research.
C. Select a graph that accurately displays the national incidence of the disease over time. Choose a graph that includes at least five years of data.
D. Describe the direction of the trend on the graph, explaining why the trend looks the way it does. Support your explanation with current
research.
V. Treatment and Prevention: In this section, you will create recommendations for healthcare planning and identify the various ways the disease can be
prevented.
A. Recommend appropriate prevention strategies for individuals who have not developed or contracted the disease. Support your
recommendations with current research.
B. Identify the accepted treatment options that exist for the disease and describe the impact of each on the disease’s progression.
C. Describe the risks and benefits of each treatment option you identified. Support your description with relevant examples. For example, what are
the side effects of each treatment option?
Milestones
Milestone One: Sections II and III
In Module Two, you will submit a draft of Section II (Disease History and Etiology) and Section III (Development and Symptoms) of the final project. This
milestone will be graded with the Milestone One Rubric.
Milestone Two: Section IV
In Module Four, you will submit a draft of Section IV (Risk) of the final project. This milestone will be graded with the Milestone Two Rubric.
Milestone Three: Section V
In Module Six, you will submit a draft of Section V (Treatment and Prevention) of the final project. This milestone will be graded with the Milestone Three
Rubric.
Final Submission: Disease Brief
In Module Seven, you will submit your disease brief. It should be a complete, polished artifact containing all of the critical elements of the final project. It should
reflect the incorporation of feedback gained throughout the course. This submission will be graded with the Final Project Rubric.
Deliverables
Milestone Deliverable Module Due Grading
One Sections II and III Two Graded separately; Milestone One Rubric
Two Section IV Four Graded separately; Milestone Two Rubric
Three Section V Six Graded separately; Milestone Three Rubric
Final Submission: Disease Brief Seven Graded separately; Final Project Rubric
Final Project Rubric
Guidelines for Submission: Your disease brief must be 4 to 5 pages in length, plus a cover page and a reference page, and must be written in APA format. Use
double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Include at least four references cited in APA format.
Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (85%) Needs Improvement (55%) Not Evident (0%) Value
Introduction Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
explanation demonstrates keen
insight into the importance of
educating people about the
disease
Identifies disease chosen and
explains why it is important for
people to be educated about the
disease
Identifies disease chosen and
explains why it is important for
people to be educated about the
disease, but the explanation is
cursory or illogical
Does not identify disease chosen
or explain why it is important for
people to be educated about the
disease
6
Disease History
and Etiology:
Etiology
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
response demonstrates a
complex grasp of the disease’s
etiology, or language used
reflects a sophisticated
awareness of the audience
Briefly describes the etiology of
the disease using consumable
language
Describes the etiology of the
disease, but the description is
verbose contains inaccuracies,
or does not use consumable
language
Does not describe the etiology of
the disease
6
Disease History
and Etiology:
First Recognized
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
explanation demonstrates a
complex grasp of the disease’s
history
Identifies when the disease was
first recognized in human
populations and briefly explains
how the disease has historically
been treated
Identifies when the disease was
first recognized in human
populations and explains how the
disease has historically been
treated, but explanation is
verbose, or response contains
inaccuracies
Does not identify when the
disease was first recognized in
human populations or explain
how the disease has historically
been treated
8
Development
and Symptoms:
Develop or
Contract
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
explanation demonstrates keen
insight into the biological
processes involved in the
development or contraction of
the disease
Explains how individuals develop
or contract the disease
Explains how individuals develop
or contract the disease, but
explanation is cursory or contains
inaccuracies
Does not explain how individuals
develop or contract the disease
8
Development
and Symptoms:
Internal Areas
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
explanation demonstrates a
complex grasp of how the
disease impacts the body
internally
Identifies the internal areas of
the body that are affected,
explaining the impact of the
disease on those areas
Identifies the internal areas of
the body that are affected,
explaining the impact of the
disease on those areas, but
identification contains
inaccuracies, or explanation is
cursory or contains inaccuracies
Does not identify the internal
areas of the body that are
affected or explain the impact of
the disease on those areas
6
Development
and Symptoms:
External Signs
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
description demonstrates a
complex grasp of the disease’s
signs and symptoms
Describes the external signs and
symptoms of the disease
Describes the external signs and
symptoms of the disease, but
description is cursory or contains
inaccuracies
Does not describe the external
signs and symptoms of the
disease
6
Risk: Population
That Is at Risk
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
explanation demonstrates a
sophisticated awareness of what
puts that specific population at
risk
Identifies the population that is
at risk of developing or
contracting the disease,
explaining why that specific
population is at risk
Identifies the population that is
at risk of developing or
contracting the disease,
explaining why that population is
at risk, but response contains
inaccuracies, or explanation is
cursory
Does not identify the population
that is at risk of developing or
contracting the disease or explain
why that population is at risk
8
Risk: Current
Incidence and
Prevalence
Meets “Proficient” criteria and
makes especially cogent
connections between current
research and the disease’s
incidence and prevalence
Determines the current incidence
and prevalence of the disease in
the at-risk population and
supports determination with
current research
Determines the current incidence
and prevalence of the disease in
the at-risk population and
supports determination with
research, but determination
contains inaccuracies or is
cursory or illogical, or supporting
research is not current
Does not determine the current
incidence and prevalence of the
disease in the at-risk population
8
Risk: National
Incidence
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
selection indicates a complex
grasp of accurate graphical
representation
Selects a graph that accurately
displays the national incidence of
the disease over time and
includes five years of data
Selects a graph that displays the
national incidence of the disease
over time, but selection is not
relevant, or graph is not
accurate, or does not include at
least five years of data
Does not select a graph that
displays the national incidence of
the disease over time
8
Risk: Direction of
the Trend
Meets “Proficient” criteria and
makes especially cogent
connections between the
direction of the trend and
current research
Describes the direction of the
trend on the graph, explaining
why the trend looks the way it
does and supporting explanation
with current research
Describes the direction of the
trend on the graph, explaining
why the trend looks the way it
does and supporting explanation
with research, but response is
cursory or contains inaccuracies,
or supporting research is not
current
Does not describe the direction
of the trend on the graph
8
Treatment and
Prevention:
Prevention
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
supporting research
demonstrates a sophisticated
awareness of what makes the
prevention strategies
appropriate
Recommends appropriate
prevention strategies for
individuals who have not
developed or contracted the
disease and supports
recommendations with current
research
Recommends prevention
strategies for individuals who
have not developed or
contracted the disease and
supports recommendations with
research, but recommendations
are illogical or inappropriate, or
supporting research is not
current
Does not recommend prevention
strategies for individuals who
have not developed or
contracted the disease
8
Treatment and
Prevention:
Treatment
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
description demonstrates a
complex grasp of how accepted
treatment options impact the
disease’s progression
Identifies the accepted treatment
options that exist for the disease
and describes the impact of each
on the disease’s progression
Identifies treatment options that
exist for the disease and
describes the impact of each on
the disease’s progression, but
treatment options identified are
not accepted, or description of
their impact is cursory or
contains inaccuracies
Does not identify treatment
options that exist for the disease
or describe the impact of each on
the disease’s progression
8
Treatment and
Prevention: Risks
and Benefits
Meets “Proficient” criteria, and
supporting examples
demonstrate a sophisticated
awareness of the complexities of
each treatment option
Describes the risks and benefits
of each treatment option
identified and supports
description with relevant
examples
Describes the risks and benefits
of each treatment option
identified and supports
description with examples, but
description is cursory or contains
inaccuracies, or supporting
examples are not relevant
Does not describe the risks and
benefits of each treatment
option identified
8
Articulation of
Response
Submission is free of errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, and
organization, and is presented in
a professional and easy to read
format
Submission has no major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
Submission has major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that negatively impact readability
and articulation of main ideas
Submission has critical errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that prevent understanding of
ideas
4
Total 1