Role of Community Nurses in Health Disparity Outcomes Coursework Assignment

Community health disparities have been in existence for decades. These disparities emanate from a wide range of factors but are primarily a result of misalignment in the delivery of healthcare. Community nurses play a significant role in reducing health disparities. For instance, by advocating for healthy lifestyles, community nurses can eliminate racial disparities in disease outbreaks and mortality. Through community nursing, government agencies can also reduce racial and ethnic disparities by building the capacity for social and relational practice. Extant research also shows that community nurses can influence healthcare policies in matters like health protection, healthcare access, and protection of the vulnerable.

One of the most vulnerable populations in the United States is minority communities. Because of their economic situation, minority communities face a high risk of adverse health conditions such as physical disability and chronic illnesses. The most critical issue facing minority communities is a high incidence of chronic illnesses. Research shows that minorities like African Americans and Hispanics are two times more likely to acquire chronic illnesses compared to their Caucasian counterparts (Price, Khubchandani, McKinney & Braun, 2013). Poor healthcare access is one of the biggest contributors to chronic healthcare inequality.

Access to services such as health insurance, dental care, and school-based health education has been known to reduce the chronicity of diseases. Community nurses play a significant role in the management of chronic illnesses. For minority patients with chronic illnesses, community nurses act as collaborators of patient-centered services and care aimed at the delivery of optimal services (Davidson, De Geest & Hill, 2010). These nurses also provide a complex set of care to families of patients that ultimately helps them to navigate through the medical situation.

References

Davidson, P., De Geest, S., & Hill, M. (2010). Nurses addressing the challenges of chronic illness: From primary to palliative care. Collegian, 17(2), 43-45. doi: 10.1016/j.colegn.2010.05.001

Price, J., Khubchandani, J., McKinney, M., & Braun, R. (2013). Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Chronic Diseases of Youths and Access to Health Care in the United States. Biomed Research International, 2013, 1-12. doi: 10.1155/2013/787616