Relationship between Genesis 1-11 & Origins Assignment


in the second half of the 19-century th
Thomas Henry Huxley (aka “Darwin’s Bulldog”)
Review of Darwin’s Origin of Species (1859):

1. “Extinguished theologians lie about the cradle of every science as the strangled S5
snakes beside that of Hercules; and history records that whenever science and S6
orthodoxy [religion] have been fairly opposed, the latter has been forced to retire
from the lists, bleeding and crushed if not annihilated; scotched, if not slain.”
T.H. Huxley, “Origin of Species” Westminster Review 17 (1860), 556 S7
PRODUCES: S8 Handouts 1
Science vs. Religion Dichotomy
Dichotomy Greek dicha: in two temnô: to cut
DEF: division of an issue into only TWO simple positions
thinking about issues in ‘black-and-white’ & ‘either/or’ terms
K forces people into choosing between one of two positions
you cannot be both a scientist & a religious believer

into the Evolution vs. Creation Debate (aka “Origins Dichotomy”)
K forces people into choosing between only TWO positions:
EITHER (1) “Evolution”
OR (2) “Creation”
you cannot be both an evolutionist & a believer in a Creator
1. Common Understanding of “Science” & “Evolution” S10
Julian Huxley S11
leading evolutionary biologist
Centennial celebration of Darwin’s Origin of Species in 1959:

2. “In the evolutionary pattern of thought there is no longer either need or room for the S12
supernatural. The earth was not created; it evolved. So did all the animals and plants
that inhabit it, including our human selves, mind and soul as well as brain and body.
So did religion … S13

Evolutionary man can no longer take refuge from his loneliness in the arms of a S14
divinized father figure whom he has himself created [cf. Gen 1:26-27], nor escape S15
from the responsibility of making decisions by sheltering under the umbrella of
Divine Authority …

The evolutionary vision is enabling us to discern, however incompletely, the S16-17
lineaments of the new religion that we can be sure will arise to serve the needs of
the coming era.”
J. Huxley, “The Evolutionary Vision” in Sol Tax and Charles Callender, eds.
Evolution after Darwin: The University of Chicago Centennial
(Chicago, Il: University Press, 1960), 252-253, 260
Introduction Episode 2
• evolution vs. creation dichotomy S3 H1
• COMMON understanding of “science” º “Godless”
“evolution” º “Godless”

Major Theme of this course:
Challenge COMMON terms/definitions & replace with ACADEMIC terminology

More accurately, Huxley’s position is: S4-5 H1
DEF: conflation of (1) science (2) secular [non-religious] philosophy (3) humanist ethics

Conflation Latin con: together flare: to blow
DEF: careless collapsing & co-mingling of distinct ideas into ONE undifferentiated

Humanist Ethics
DEF: ethical position in which humans ALONE determine morals & values, not God
as traditionally believed
K ethics often tied to debates about origins
2. Common Understanding of “Religion” & “Creation” S6
Henry Morris S7
creation scientist & founder of the Institute for Creation Research (aka Young Earth Creation)
Creation Science: claims that creation in 6 days 6000 yrs ago can be proven scientifically

3. “After all, there are only two basic worldviews—the God-centered worldview and S8
the man-centered worldview, creation, or evolution …

There is no evidence whatever [for the] evolution of one kind of organism into an S9
more complex organism … There are no proven scientific evidence that the earth
is old … Divine revelation from the Creator of the world [states] that He did it all
in six days several thousand years ago …

The Bible is a book of science! … The Bible does contain all the basic principles of S10
upon which true science [i.e., Creation Science] is built.

If there is really a great personal Creator behind the origin and meaning of all S11
things, then we urgently need to know Him and to order our lives according to
His will, as revealed in His inspired Word … Satan himself is the originator S12
of the concept of evolution.”

H. Morris, “Foreword” in John D. Morris, The Young Earth (Colorado Springs, CO:
Creation-Life Pub, 1994), 4-5; Many Infallible Proofs (San Diego, CA: C-LP,
1980), 229; Troubled Waters of Evolution (San Diego, CA: C-LP, 1982), 75

• evolution vs. creation dichotomy
• COMMON understanding of “religion” º Bible reveals science & origins
“creation” º God created in 6 days 6000 yrs ago

More accurately, using ACADEMIC terms/definitions, Morris’ position is: S14 H1
DEF: conflation of (1) Christianity (2) origins in 6 days (3) biblical ethics

Biblical Ethics
DEF: only God determines morals & values, and these are revealed in the Bible

Introduction Episode 3
C Is the relationship between science & religion this simple?
C Are we forced to choose between only TWO positions:
EITHER (1) “science” & “evolution”
OR (2) “religion” & “creation”

First, I am a thoroughly committed & unapologetic evangelical theologian trained to the Ph.D. level S4
I am a born-again Christian
I believe the Bible is the Holy Spirit inspired Word of God
I believe in miracles & I have experienced them
I believe in Intelligent Design (traditionally defined)

Second, I am a thoroughly committed & unapologetic evolutionary biologist trained to the Ph.D. level S5
I find that the evidence for biological evolution is OVERWHELMING
I have yet to see evidence that falsifies the theory of evolution
I recognize the explanatory power of evolutionary theory
K Biology makes sense in the light of evolution S6

scholarship that arose during the 1990s

1. Scientific Community S8
C Religious Beliefs of Scientists S9
repeated James Leuba’s 1916 survey

4. “I believe in a God in intellectual and affective communication with humankind, S10-11
i.e. a God to whom one may pray in expectation of receiving an answer. By “answer”
I mean more than the subjective psychological effect of prayer.”
Edward Larson & Larry Witham, “Scientists Are Still Keeping the Faith”
386 Nature (3 Apr 1997), 436
Results: 39% believe in miracles º personal God S12
1916 Survey: 42% S13
Leuba predicted 20-century secularization would destroy belief in God th

is this proof of God’s existence? NO
K but this is serious data because these scientists are serious thinkers
1 Class Survey º Do you believe in miracles?

C Contribution to Science-Religion Dialogue S15-16
5. “Both the National Academy of Sciences and the American Association for the S17
Advancement of Science has launched projects to promote a dialogue between
science and religion. New institutions aimed at bridging the gap have been formed,
including the Chicago Center for Religion and Science, and the Center for Theology
and Natural Sciences in Berkeley, California. Universities such as Cambridge and
Princeton also has established professorships or lectureships on the reconciliation
of the two camps.” Gregg Easterbrook, “Science and God: A Warming Trend?”
277 Science (15 Aug 1997), 890
NAS & AAAS º two of the most important scientific organizations in the world
add to the list of professorships:
Oxford, Harvard, Toronto … St Joseph’s College University of Alberta!
Introduction Episode 4
2. Religious Community S2
C Roman Catholic: Pope John Paul II S3
6. “New knowledge leads to the recognition of the theory of evolution as more than
a hypothesis … Sacred scripture wishes simply to declare that the world was created S4
by God, and in order to teach this truth it expresses itself in the terms of the cosmology
[science] in use at the time of the writer … ‘The Bible does not wish to teach how
heaven was made, but how one goes to heaven’” [aphorism inspired by Galileo].” S5

Pope John Paul II, “Message to Pontifical Academy of Sciences on Evolution,” Origins: CNS
Documentary Service 26 (Nov 1996),415; “Scripture and Science:
The Path of Scientific Discovery,” Origins 11 (15 Oct 1981), 279

C NO problem with evolution
C Bible is NOT a book of science
C Bible uses the science-of-the-day
Major Theme of this course

C Evangelical Protestant: Billy Graham S7
7. “I don’t think that there’s any conflict at all between science today and the Scriptures. S8
I think we have misinterpreted the Scriptures many times and we’ve tried to make
the Scriptures say things that they weren’t meant to say, and I think we have made a
mistake by thinking the Bible is a scientific book. The Bible is not a book of science. S9
The Bible is a book of redemption …

And of course, I accept the Creation story. I believe that God did create the universe. S10
I believe He created man, and whether it came by an evolutionary process and at a
certain point He took this person or being and made him a living soul or not, does not
change the fact that God did create man … Whichever way God did it makes no S11
the difference as to what man is and man’s relationship to God.”
David Frost, Billy Graham: Personal Thoughts of a Public Man. 30 Years of Conversations
with David Frost (Colorado Springs, CO: Chariot Victor, 1997), 73-74

C Bible is NOT a book of science
C Openness to evolution is not often heard in evangelical protestant churches
K but this is slowly starting to change More anon

3. Summary S14-15 H1
Science & Religion Warfare is being challenged by prominent leaders within both the scientific
community & the religious community

Richard Dawkins S17
Most important atheist in the world today
8. “Are science and religion converging? No … Convergence? Only when it suits.
To an honest judge, the alleged marriage between religion and science is a
shallow, empty, spin-doctored sham.”
R. Dawkins, “Snake Oil & Holy Water: Illogical Thinking Is the Only Thing Joining
Science & Religion Together” Forbes ASAP (4 Oct 1999), 235, 237
Introduction Episode 5
Note the subtitle:
“Illogical Thinking is the Only Thing Joining Science & Religion Together”
K as you proceed through this course, ask yourself, “Is this true?”

The central question in this course: How do YOU relate Science & Religion? S4

1. Scientism: Science Dictates to Religion S5
EG Julian Huxley
evolution explains away religion & God

2. Fundamentalism: Religion Dictates to Science S6
EG Henry Morris
Bible reveals “true science” þ the world was created in 6 days 6000 years ago

3. Compartmentalization: Science & Religion Do Not Communicate S7
EG common in academic circles prior to 1990s
K many students entering this course

4. The Two Divine Books Relationship: Science & Religion Complement Each Other S8
EG Pope John Paul II & Billy Graham
Sir Francis Bacon S9
a founding member of modern science in the early 17 century th

9. “To conclude, therefore, let no man out of a weak conceit of sobriety, or an
ill-applied moderation, think or maintain, that a man can search too far or be
too well studied in the Book of God’s Words, or in the Book of God’s Works;
divinity [ie, theology] or [natural] philosophy [ie, science]; but rather let men
endeavour an endless progress or proficiency in both.”
Advancement of Learning (1605) 1.1.3
C classic time-honoured relationship between Science & Religion:
(1) Book of God’s Words
Bible º Religion º studied by theologians
(2) Book of God’s Works
Nature º Science º studied by scientists

C Bible & Nature are GIFTS from God þ they enhance & enrich each other S11
use both Books to construct YOUR personal worldview

C Bible & Nature are used for loving God with our mind S12
10. “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your
soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest
commandment.” Matt 22:37-38
K many students at the end of this course

C NOT just a one-way street from professor to students! S13
students have impacted me profoundly in this class

I dedicated my book Evolutionary Creation (2008) to my Science & Religion
students between 1997 & 2007:
“They taught me the meaning of loving God
faithfully & fearlessly with our mind”
Categories 1 Episode 6
Your head is going to swim!!!
1. Science & Religion Warfare S4
Cartoons are commentaries on our culture S5
EG Non Sequitur
Common messages:
• Forced to choose between only TWO positions: EITHER Science
OR Religion
• Science explains away Religion
2. PROBLEM behind Science & Religion Warfare S6
DEF: the foundational concepts that direct the way we:
1. look at the world
2. think about the world

Note the two verbs. Categories are like:
1. Glasses º give a view of the world
2. Software º process information through a program or worldview
Common Categories (general public & churches) S7
trap the mind & force people to think in:

DEF: division of an issue into only two simple positions
thinking in ‘black-and-white’ & ‘either/or’
EG: science vs. religion
K But this is a False Dichotomy

Conflations S8
DEF: careless collapsing & co-mingling of distinct ideas into ONE undifferentiated
EG: science & all-encompassing capital “T” Truth
science & atheism
religion & strict literal reading of the biblical creation accounts S9
religion & anti-evolutionism
we all begin our intellectual voyage in dichotomies & conflations
3. SOLUTION toward a Peaceful Relationship between Science & Religion S10
Introduce Academic Categories
Major Theme of this course:
challenge common categories & replace with academic categories
C Offer YOU a wide spectrum of possible relationships between Science & Religion

C Allow YOU to make informed decisions & develop:
YOUR worldview
YOUR personal beliefs S12
Categories 1 Episode 7
Etymology of the word “Theology” S3
Greek: èåïò (theos): God ëïãïò (logos): word

If theology is the study of God’s Words, then we need to be aware of the languages in
the Word of God (Bible)

GREEK ALPHABET (see supplementary episode) H62 S4
Why bother with languages?
sometimes ideas are “lost in the translation”
K YOUR ownership of the original meaning of words and concepts
C always be cautious with the term “God”
has a very wide range of meanings & nuances:
from a personal spiritual being (Jews, Christians, Muslims)
to only beauty & harmony in physical world (Einstein)

C ALL the definitions given below are the MOST BASIC & CENTRIST
Theism Greek èåïò (theos): God S6
DEF: BELIEF in a personal God
Supreme Being who is all-loving, all-powerful, and all-knowing
God of Jews, Christians, Muslims
40% of US scientists are theists

Deism Latin Deus: God S7
DEF: BELIEF in an impersonal God
Supreme Being who creates the world and then has nothing to do with it

began in the 18 century (1700s) during the Enlightenment th
aka “God-of-the-philosophers”
this God winds the clock of the universe & leaves it run down on its own
God of Charles Darwin for most of his adult life

Atheism Greek á (a): a prefix that negates (called ‘alpha privative’) S8
DEF: BELIEF that God does not exist.
Richard Dawkins S9
1. “The universe we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if
there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil and no good, nothing but
blind, pitiless indifference.”
Richard Dawkins, River Out of Eden: A Darwinian View of Life
(New York, NY: Basic Books, 1995), 133.
“nothing but” þ often used by atheists
Agnosticism Greek á (a): prefix of negation ãíùóéò (gnôsis): knowledge S10
DEF: BELIEF that there is no knowledge regarding the existence or non-existence of God
coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869
Charles Darwin late in life
Categories 1 Episode 8

Christianity S3
C defined by HISTORY & 3 main branches (divisions): S4 H1
1. Roman Catholicism (325)
2. Eastern Orthodoxy (1054)
3. Protestantism (1517)
C defined by CREEDS (major statements of belief): S5
2. Apostles’ Creed (150 AD/CE)
I BELIEVE in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth.
I BELIEVE in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, S6
He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary.
He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried.
He descended to the dead.
On the third day he rose again. He ascended into heaven, and is seated at the
right hand of the Father.
He will come again to judge the living and the dead.
I BELIEVE in the Holy Spirit, S7
the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
Catechism of the Catholic Church (Ottawa, ON: Canadian Bishops Publication, 1994), 50.

Father, Son, and Holy Spirit = Holy Trinity. One God in Three Persons

Conservative Christianity S9
CONSERVES the beliefs of the Apostles’ Creed
C Jesus = fully God & fully human
C Resurrection of Jesus’ physical body
C Bible Inspired (capital “I” inspired) by Holy Spirit
Liberal Christianity S10
REJECTS the beliefs of the Apostles’ Creed
C Jesus = merely an enlightened man
C Resurrection of Jesus’ teaching only
C Bible inspiring (small “i”) literature written by humans only
S11 H1
NOTE: Science a contributing factor in development of Liberal Christianity in the 19 century th
It arose after the birth of:
modern science in the 17 century (Galileo, Dialogue 1632) th
evolutionary science in the 19 century (Darwin, Origin of Species, 1859) th

Fundamentalism S12
reaction to Liberal Christianity
modern science viewed as an enemy of religion

appears during the 1920s in North America, especially the United States S13 H1
C strict biblical literalism
C anti-evolutionism
C Science & Religion Warfare
Categories 1 Episode 9
Catholic & Evangelical S2 H1
TIP: distinguish the adjectives from the nouns
Greek êáôá (kata): with respect to Òëïò (holos): whole
Ev/angelical: S3 H1
Greek åõ (eu): good áíãåëïò (angelos): messenger

C Pre-Protestant Reformation Christian
Catholic º I embrace the whole church
Evangelical º I focus on Good News, the Gospel
C Theological Education: Masters at Regent College (Evangelical Protestant) S5
PhD at U of St. Michael’s College (Roman Catholic)

paradigms are teaching tools to help organize information
Divine Revelation S7
DEF: BELIEF that God communicates with humanity
(1) Special Revelation S8
DEF: BELIEF that God communicates SPECIFIC information to humanity

• Incarnation Latin in: in carnis: flesh S9 H2
God became a man and revealed himself through Jesus
“The Word [Jesus] was God . . . and became flesh” Jn 1:1-3, 14
Greatest act of revelation: God in the Flesh º Jesus
• Biblical Revelation S10 H2
God inspired the writers of the Bible to reveal himself
“All Scripture is God-breathed” 2 Tim 3:16
The Old Testament has the “very words of God” Rom 3:2
• Personal Revelation S11 H2
answered prayer, dreams, visions, signs & wonders
EG 40% of US scientists believe God answers prayer

(2) General Revelation S12
DEF: BELIEF that God communicates GENERAL information to all of humanity

• Natural Revelation S13 H2
nature reflects God & some of his general attributes
“The heavens declare the Glory of God and the skies proclaim the work of his hands”
Ps 19:1
“God’s invisible qualities … clearly seen and understood from what has been made”
Rom 1:19-20
K Intelligent Design º HUGE topic in Science & Religion S14 H2
• Moral Revelation S15 H2
human conscience & sense of morality
“The law written on the human heart” Rom 2:14-15
aka “moral compass” within us
Supplementary Quotes 1-6 S16 H2