Psychology Discussion Essay Assignment on Case Conceptualization


Constructivist theories are grouped together here because both consider a person’s individual perception when looking at life circumstances. The role of a constructivist counselor is one of facilitator (not “expert”), working side by side with a client to focus not on the past but on how a problem looks in the present and how it might look once a problem is solved. Interventions are what you do with your client (e.g., asking the miracle question or asking one of the five questions included in narrative therapy.) Be specific, cite your source, and explain how your chosen interventions could help your client. I will be explaining the questions below in more detail on the discussion board. One question type listed below counts as one intervention, so you do not need to describe the whole process of the theory.

For this Discussion, you will write a case conceptualization from the point of view of a constructivist counselor using Solution

Review this week’s Learning Resources and consider any language and techniques that might be used by a counselor that is specific to each theory.

Answer the following points from a constructivist point of view. Use your Learning Resources and the notes you took on language and technique from the Learning Resources, and integrate examples from the case to support your post. Include the following:

  • Presenting Problem
  • Treatment Goals
  • Identification and explanation of at least two techniques and interventions

Interventions to use for Solution Focused Therapy

The questions are very basic and about possibilities. (What do you want to accomplish now?)

  1. Exceptions (How is this happening now? or When is the problem not happening now?) Counselor asks the client to do more of it.
  2. Hypothetical (When the problem is solved, what will you be doing differently?) Counselor asks the client to do a small piece of it.
  3. The Miracle Question
  • Expected Outcome



Polly is 11 years old and lives with her father, Luis (age 33), her younger sisters, Catrina (8) and Elena (6), and her older brother, Sancho (16). Polly’s mother, an Irish American woman, and her father met and married after Luis moved to the US mainland from Honduras, but their marriage ended when Luis’s wife chose to pursue a new romantic relationship and left the family. Polly’s mother has had little contact with her children since she left when Polly was 6 but sends birthday and Christmas cards from different places where she is living and working as a traveling nurse. She provides no financial support.

Polly’s father, Luis, works full-time as a truck driver on weekdays (and leaves for work before his children are awake) and in maintenance for a retirement center on weekends to supplement the family income. The family rents an apartment and Luis struggles to make ends meet and manage his household due to rising expenses. Polly assumes much of the responsibility for housework and caring for her younger sisters, as her father is often working away from home. Luis is proud that Polly is able to manage so many household duties and tells Polly she is fulfilling a vital role now and in her future as a wife and mother.

Polly has been referred to you due to her failing grades and school attendance issues. Polly has begun to struggle in her classes at school and has missed many days because she is often tired and unfocused. When in school, Polly is very quiet, keeps to herself, and doesn’t have many friends. When asked about her performance, she tells her teachers that she worries constantly about her two younger sisters and tries to help them with their homework and learning while keeping up with cooking, cleaning, and laundry duties at home. She says that she feels like a disappointment to her teachers and is sad about this. Polly says she would like to become a veterinarian but does not see how she will ever be able to attend college because of her father’s expectations for her both in the home and the future. Polly enjoys reading about the animals of the world in the evenings when her chores are done. Polly shares that she misses her mother and, while she is proud to be able to help her family, she wishes she had more friends her own age at school and feels as though she has taken her mother’s place at home. She says she does not dare to dream about her future because it seems so bleak.


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(Eds.), Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions (6th ed., pp. 24-26). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association. (Producer). (2007b). Solution-focused child therapy. [Video file]. Mill   Valley, CA: Author.

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