Sample Paper on Critical Analysis of Lomborg’s Claim that Greenhouse Gas Emission is Harmless to the Future of Humanity


The claim that the release of greenhouse gas into the atmosphere that causes global warming is harmless to the future of humanity is wrong and not factual. The greenhouse gas emission exposes humanity to uncertain future following the evidence of harm that global warming has done to the earth’s ecological systems that support humanity (Zolghadr, 2013). Greenhouse gas emissions because increased global average temperatures, raised sea levels, increased human health complications, changes in the ecological systems and characteristics, extreme weather patterns and extinction of natural habitat and organisms. The effects of increased greenhouse gasses are extreme and detrimental to the wellbeing and existent of humans.

Even from the current situation, there are shreds of evidence on changes in climatic condition and global warming, and the effects are cruel to the survival of humanity. No one in any sane mind should question on the detriment of greenhouse gas emission to the environment and humanity. The effects of greenhouse gases are so daring and reactive to the wellbeing of humans. The rising sea levels which are a result of increased global temperatures have threatened the survival of aquatic organisms. Increased global temperatures have exposed the people to diseases due to increased radiation and thus reducing the life spans of humans due to heat stress.

According to Zolghadr (2013), the increase in global temperature exposes living things to a lot of heat stress and reduced availability of resources. The destruction of pastures for the wildlife and domesticated animals breaks the food chains in these ecological settings (Zolghadr, 2013). The obliteration of these food chains causes deaths and extinction of the living organisms. The availability of resources drastically diminishes and that sees food shortage to the ever-increasing human populations. With reduced and possible lack of food resources to the increasing human populations, the future of humanity is in jeopardy as a result of the emission of greenhouse gasses. The emission of greenhouse gasses reduces the ability to attain sustainability in the future.

Human Contribution to Greenhouse Gases Emission

According to research conducted by the Global Climate Change Students’ Guide Report, humans contribute to 64.3 % of carbon dioxide, 17%  of Methane, 0.8% fluorinated gases, 6.0% Nitrous oxide, and 11.9% of other gases. Human activities including industrialization, vehicular emissions, deforestation, agricultural activities, among others. These activities are not halting soon following the commitment of man to industrialization and thus exposing the future of humanity to much harm in the future.

Data Extracted from Global Climate Change Students Guide:

Critical Review

According to Latake, Ranveer andPawar (2015), the emission of greenhouses gasses, CO2, in particular, alters the planet’s climate in diverse ways. The emission of greenhouse gasses, in most cases, link to the industrial development in the world. The smokes from industries and motor vehicles contribute to the high levels of greenhouse gasses that cause global warming (Latake, Ranveer&Pawar, 2015). The accumulated greenhouse gasses form a blanket coat that blocks the sun rays from heating in the earth’s surface directly. The heat rays, then reach on land with increased temperature. The global warming effect is a result of greenhouse gasses discharge. With the ever-increasing global temperatures, the productivity of the ecological systems, naturally, and this leads to death and extinction of organisms from the earth’s surface.

Latake, Ranveer, and Pawar (2015) argue that the increase in global temperatures alters the climatic conditions, as the temperature is a factor of climate. Human activities on land determine the future of humanity with regards to the emission of the greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere (Latake, Ranveer&Pawar, 2015).  The CO2, methane, water vapor, ozone, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons are the greenhouses gasses mostly generated from human activities.

The diverse human activities that contribute to the greenhouse gasses in the horizon are agriculture, industrial processes, residential and rental buildings, wastes disposals, transport and fuels, and burning of forest fuels. The increased global temperatures lead to a rise in the sea level following the expansion of the water molecules. The high water temperatures in oceans do not support the survival of the aquatic organisms. The increased global temperatures cause droughts that deprive people of resources to support livelihood. From the arguments posted in this article, Lake, Ranveer andPawar, disagree with Lomborg’s counterclaim. The article has no opinion-based claims as it is research.

The article by El Zein and Chehayeb (2015) disqualifies the Lomborg’s counterclaim that there is no worry about the greenhouse gas effect on the future of humanity (El Zein, &Chehayeb, 2015). The authors postulated that greenhouse gas emissions had increased the world’s temperatures and glaciers have a melt down into the sea. The increased sea level exposes people living in the coastal plains to dangers of floods.

The alterations in the earth’s temperatures are sound and evidenced as the greenhouse effect has intensified over the last 250 years. Human activities increase the accumulation of greenhouse gasses due to vehicular, industrial, burning of fossil fuels, gasoline, cutting down of forests and modern agricultural activities (El Zein&Chehayeb, 2015). The increase in temperatures increases drought covering regions and reduces raining seasons. The greenhouse gasses contribute to acid rains which contaminate the water bodies humans consume. The acid rain kills humans, plants, and animals. Humans will be left without or limited resources in the future if the matter of greenhouse gas emission is not addressed. Humans, therefore, have to worry about the greenhouse gas emissions.The article does not have any bias while addressing the topic following that it is a research based on other studies and findings.

Timothy, et al. (2004) in their article provide the science behind the effects of greenhouse gasses and the results are real, affecting humanity even at present. The outcomes of this research dispute the claim by Lomborg that greenhouse gas emissions have nothing to worry as they do not affect humanity even in the future (Timothy, et al. 2004). The increased temperatures alter the weather patterns and climate in the long run that affect the environmental settings.

Greenhouse gasses destabilizes the ecologies of the planet and thus affecting the flow of resources. Humans have every reason to worry about the greenhouse gas emissions from its effects; floods, a threat to biodiversity, economic costs of cleaning the tons of greenhouse gasses, erratic weather patterns, extreme climatic conditions, contamination of the environment, and health complications.

Timothy, et al. (2004), in their research use statements that are opinion-based on responding to the issues of climate change and global warming (Timothy, et al. 2004). The effects of climate change have been in existent over 100,000 years. At this point, they fail to provide support for the claim.


The effects of greenhouse gas emissions are real and detrimental to humanity at present and may eliminate humanity in the future. The effects of greenhouse gas emission include; global warming, melting of the ice, increased sea levels, increased water temperatures, death of animals and other biological organisms, erratic weather patterns, causing death to humans and other organisms, limited resources, reduced ecological integrity, health complications due to contamination of the environment, and floods in the coastal regions. Following the scientific support to the evidence provided in the above articles, the claims by Lomborg that the emission of greenhouse gasses has no effect on humanity and not devastating to the future of humanity is false and misleading.


El Zein, A. L &Chehayeb, N. A. (2015). The Effect of Greenhouse Gases on Earth’s Temperature. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis, 3(2), 74-79.

Latake, P. T, Ranveer, A. C. &Pawar. P. (2015). The Greenhouse Effect and Its Impacts on Environment. International Journal of Innovative Research and Creative Technology, 1(3). Vol. 1 (no. 3).

Timothy J. W. et al. (2004), Greenhouse Gases and Global Warming, in Environmental and Ecological Chemistry. Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. Retrieved:

Zolghadr, S. (2013).  Reduction of Greenhouse gases emission and effect on Environment. Azad University of Saveh, Markazi, Saveh, Iran. Retrieved: