Jazz is a music genre which came up from the creativity of different people from diverse backgrounds. It’s a known fact that it originated from New Orleans, USA. The music genre was often played at funerals and sometimes in churches too. Even before the jazz music, for the people of New Orleans music was just more than a luxury is was considered a necessity.
Origin of Jazz
New Orleans jazz music started back in the nineteenth century, and it was as a result of the love for music that the new Orleanais have and due to the treating of music as a necessity and not like many other parts that treat music as a luxury (Watts & Erick p57). The new jazz began to emerge in the context of the full musical revolution that encompasses the blues, spirituals, ragtime as well as the familiar face of the “Tin Pan Alley.” Jazz music also reflected the profound of the African people due to their heritage to the new as well as the distinctly American music.
Development of Jazz
The development of the Jazz music in New Orleans is associated with the popularity of bandleader Charles “Buddy” Bolden. Whose latent and charisma, as well as his musical power, became legendary and well known to the people of New Orleans as well as the larger Jazz lovers who recognized him as a legend of the jazz music. Bolden formed his group after playing with Charley Galloway’s string band back in 1894 (Watts & Erick p28). After a decade he went ahead to build loyalty by following the entertaining dancers in the city, Buddy collapsed while he was performing on stage after some time he died. He was considered to be the father of the New Orleans music as well as a legend who contributions to the jazz music will always remain in the heart of the jazz lovers not only in New Orleans but all over the world.
After Bolden, there were several bands which took control of the “ratty” market, whereby Trombonist Frankie Dusen took over the group of Bolden that was remaining. Cornetist Manuel Perez formed the Imperial Orchestra which was a dance band that featured “Big Eye” Louis Nelson Delisle on clarinet. He contributed to the fall of the Brass Band, other dance bands like the Olympia, superior as well as the Peerless and began to play the exciting sound of jazz “Papa” Laine’s Reliance Bands that continued to attract young white musicians who were interested in playing Jazz (Turner p 120)
The early development of Jazz in the New Orleans connects to the community life of the city. Jazz was an important part of we can see in the brass band funerals as well as the music for the picnics in the ball games or parks where jazz is played most. New Orleans has a great tradition of celebration due to the Jazz music that united the people as well as the music used to accompany the spiritual work and the social functions of the citizens in New Orleans (Tanner & David p41). Louis Armstrong played a significant role in the development of jazz music in New Orleans as he was one of the most influential artists in the history of musicians born in New Orleans. He perfected as well as improvised the jazz solo as we all know it today. Swing is the basic rhythm of jazz and swing means being in sync and loving it.
Jazz music in New Orleans started back in the nineteenth century, and it played a significant role in the community since the people of New Orleans were lovers of music thus it was a symbol of the unit. Many icons in New Orleans played a prominent role in the development of the jazz music, and they were know all over the world. In the community, music was used to accompany the social as well as spiritual matters in the community. Thus jazz is a tool of unity as well as sources of entertainment.
Turner, Richard Brent. Jazz Religion, the Second Line, and Black New Orleans, New Edition: After Hurricane Katrina. Indiana University Press, 2016.
Tanner, Paul, and David Megill. Jazz. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2012.
Watts, Lewis, and Eric Porter. New Orleans Suite: Music and Culture in Transition. Univ of California Press, 2013.