Most African nations had gained independence in the period between1945 and 1960. Some of the nations build a new relationship with their former colonial masters with others contesting decolonialization military. The process collided with the cold war period that was between the Soviet Union and United States as well as that of the early development of the United States. In addition, decolonization was affected by superpower competition, which in turn affected evolution of that competition and affected the pattern of the international relations in a more global sense. Some countries created occupied strategic locations and owned fabricated resources while others were desperately poor. This altered the composition of the United States and the complexity of region of the every in the globe. Previously the during the decades of imperialism, the colonial masters viewed African and Asian countries as sources of resources for the growing industries
However, in South Africa, the situation was different where the white minority politically oppressed Africans. Political parties like communist party African National Congress were banned in South Africa and had their headquarters in exile (1025). To push for their independence, the black elite formed guerilla warfare organizations’ were established by combined efforts of the African elites under the leadership of Nelson Mandela. The failure of the non-armed struggles in fighting discriminative rule prompted Mandela to adopt armed mass struggle after perceiving that it was the only competent means to achieve freedom.
Though the apartheid government received a lot of criticism from the international incident, Mandela was sentenced to a brutal detention in the Robben Islands at the Rivonia trial. Analytically, these trials were more of toleration tests than tools of justice to him and others who were tried and sentenced. After serving his jail term for twenty-six years, Mandela went on to lead negotiations that led to the dawn of a new South African constitution and a democratic interracial country. Even after being free from the prison, Mandela did not feel free since he could not live along white neighbors or even sent his grandchildren to schools of his choice or even vote.
In his ascendance to presidency, Mandela sacrifice and devotion to better the lives of many who bore fruits of equity and equality in opportunities. His determination and courage was to fight for ideal democratic and free South Africa where the Black and white will not dominate one another. Mandela symbolized this unity to the people of South Africa after agreeing to serve with de Klerk as his vice-president. He asserts that he has done what he could, as a person and a leader of his people. He rejects that the outsiders opinion that his fight has been influenced by communists or foreigner but his true African roots and the experience of his people. To him communist’s classless society and the west’s best ideologies are what he pursues for his people.
Though leading through a period of extreme tension, he brought a phase of a collaborative and interdependent living among the diverse races in the country. He portrayed a strong personality to his people after declaring that the country’s freedom was for both the black people and the whites. Since apartheid ended, the state has experienced progress in different sectors with economic growth and inflation has been brought down to levels that are more predictable.
Mandela has been a source of inspiration to many and a point of leadership reference to many. In a bid to heal the wound incurred during apartheid, Mandela’s new government set up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The work of this commission was to allow black victims speak and share their pain and the white executors’ forgiveness after confessing their offenses. This healing would bind the people together by respecting each other dignity.
“Ghanaian and south Africa Leaders on Black Nationalis” Viewpoints. Web. 27 April 2014. <file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/bel/My%20Documents/Downloads/24432843_Textbook_5%20 (1).pdf>