Vladimir Lenin was the Party leader of Bolshevik as well as a Communist revolutionary
of Russia from 1870 to 1920. The Bolshevik Party that he led was among the most volatile
revolutionary activities of the twentieth century during the Russian Revolution of 1917. Lenin
served as a Soviet Union leader from the year 1922 to the year 1922. Besides, he was the head of
Soviet Russia until his death in 1924 (Hans, 456). Lenin transformed the broader Union together
with Russia as they became the communist state party, which was ruled by the Communist Party
of Russia. As a result, he came up with Leninism, which was a type of Marxism.
Moreover, the Civil War of Russian that begun in 1917 to 1922, Lenin's regime conquered the
left-wing and the right-wing anti-Bolshevik armies. He also oversaw the Poland-Soviet War
from between 1919 and 1921 (History.com Editors). In 1921, Lenin promoted industrial
development by a market-oriented New Economic Strategy to respond to widespread unrest,
destruction, and famine. After 1917, a few non-Russian countries picked up freedom from the
Russian Empire; however, in 1922, three were brought together in the new Soviet Union.
It is indeed true that the Soviet Union endured underneath the of Vladimir Lenin's
leadership in the 1920s till his death in 1924. This is because Lenin introduced many policies
which he thought will help the Union of Soviet Republics ("Lenin's Implementation of Leninism
in Russia and the Changes Made"). He had a belief that creating an armistice with Austria-
Hungary and the Central Powers of Germany was the best reform to help withdraw from the 1 st
World War that was happening at that time. Lenin tried to remove Russia from the war, using his
Peace Decree to set up an armistice, after confessing that the raging war was a threat to his
government. He later formalized the issue by completing the talks with the Brest-Litovsk Treaty.
The Russians termed the pact a punitive one creating cessation, which was hostile. However, the
unpopular agreement gave Germany extensive territorial concessions because it controlled the
majority parts of the former Empire. After winning Russia's Civil war with the help of the Red
Army, Lenin formed the Union of Soviet Republics, which comprised of Belarus, Russia,
Transcaucasia, and Ukraine.
After the Bolshevik Revolution, Lenin and his recently socialist government propelled a
few changes. They proclaimed the land from the ministry, the Tsar, the respectability, and
different landowners, and separated it among the laborers to change the farming area and
remunerate the workers for their faithfulness during the revolt. Lenin comprehended that the
individuals who assisted him to topple the impermanent régime were commonly poor who could
not stand to recompense for their guidance. He set out on giving free advice, particularly for
grown persons. He comprehended that these people had been denied having the choice to
examine and form, hence evening classes were introduced by Lenin for workers. This
preparation recalled a substantial section for communism. In a like manner, Cheka, a commission
to combat counter-annoyed and covert work, was settled (Hammer). The secret police force,
Cheka, explicitly outlined any criminal activity toward capitalism to Lenin. The body guaranteed
that persons who had not embraced socialism were to be removed from Russia or held
indefinitely. The population of the body rose to 30 000 people to overcome all opposition.
Besides, there was an outbreak of civil war immediately Vladimir took control of the
government. This was referred to as the War communism, where the red Guards and the White
army under the Leon Trotsky's regime renamed as the Red Army conflicted. Power was secured
by the Communist Party, which squashed the opposition. There was shredding off the Russian
economy. It was easy for Vladimir to defend the civil war because the party of Vladimir put the
political representatives in every military unit to stay away from mutiny. It, however, prompted
the beginning of the Socialism war as a way of accomplishing economic dependability. The civil
war led to deficiencies of raw materials for manufacturing, labor, fuel, and food. Laborers
additionally left the urban centers to grow their food. The economic crisis confronted the
Communist government in the USSR, making it to introduce a Communism war to assume
responsibilities for the economy as well as set up the organized economy of the socialist.
Furthermore, the nationalization policy led to the transmission of equipment and land
from individual custody to proprietorship of the administration. Food confiscated from the
capitalists was used to take care of the industrial workers and the red Army. Significant
industries and businesses were made to employ more than ten individuals. The nationalization of
the communication companies and banks was done to give job opportunities to the Red Army.
The strikes and individual businesses were prohibited and declared illegal and strictly controlling
the workers (Hammer). The War Communist did not solve the economic crisis of the Russians.
The production of industries dropped drastically with the country facing shortages in food
leading to the movement of people from urban areas. The economic policies of the government
faced opposition as it was accused of the declining situation in the economy.
War communism was particularly disliked among overpowering opposition, and peasant
farmers to Vladimir's economic approach made him transform it. Vladimir wanted to recover
peasant farmers' confidence in him and built up the New Approach for the economy. Presently,
farmers were permitted to sell their new products in the public market. However, despite
everything, land remained the nation's property. The government decided all costs of the
products as well as taxing all the items.
There was the expansion of agronomic creation, and to reflect this development in
manufacturing working environment, motivations and rewards were presented. Substantial
enterprises were still under the administration's control. However, overseas investment and trade
were supported. A national financial institution set up in the year 1921, gave cash in the form of
loans to merchants and emerging developers, Vladimir started the planning of the commission of
the nation, the Gosplan, to coordinate the money related to the nation's activities.
Devising a solitary monetary arrangement for the USSR and building up the strategies
and requests for actualization was the primary assignment of the Gosplan. It was additionally
required to facilitate the project creation and planning of proposals for various institutions of the
economy, devising the measures of the nation for knowledge build-up, and selecting research
that seemed necessary for executing the national economy. Sending and preparing of the vital
faculty to accomplish its objectives was another errand.
The economy of Russia flourished until it arrived at a similar level of prosperity as
France, Japan, the united states of America, and England. However, with exacting genuine
communism and economic strategies executed, Russia had the capability of being affluent (Karl
Marx). The drives of Gosplan additionally assured Russian that they could contend effectively in
the Subsequent Universal War and become as probably the most grounded superpower
worldwide, alongside the United States. The strategy of economic presentation spared the
Russian economy. The workers were urged to create nutrition for the prizes turning out to be
Kulaks. Vladimir's passing in 1924 led to an end of the NEP. Stalin condemned it for the creation
of numerous groups of capitalists and restoring division of classes in Russia. The official strategy
remained to be NEP until 1928.
History.com Editors. "Vladimir Lenin." HISTORY, A&E Television Networks, 9 Nov. 2009,
www.history.com/topics/russia/vladimir-lenin. Accessed 11 May 2020.
Hans Rogger, A History of Russia. By Nicholas V. Riasanovsky. (New York: Oxford University
Press. 1963. Pp. xviii. 711. $8.00), The American Historical Review, Volume 69, Issue 2,
January 1964, Pages 455–456, https://doi.org/10.1086/ahr/69.2.455.
Hammer, Joshua. "Vladimir Lenin's Return Journey to Russia Changed the World Forever."
Smithsonian Magazine, 22 Feb. 2017, www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/vladimir-lenin-
return-journey-russia-changed-world-forever-180962127/. Accessed 11 May 2020.
"Lenin's Implementation of Leninism in Russia and the Changes Made." South African History
changes-made. Accessed 11 May 2020.