Reformation refers to the key religious changes that took place in Europe in the 1500s.As a result; it started transforming the society, politics, worship and the basic cultural patterns. Scientists, researchers, and religious leaders contributed their views in religion regarding an ideal society impacting ways of living of all individuals. People started adjusting to these views so as to fit in the radical and changing society. Comparing the structure of religious sphere today, there is a big difference with what was the norm before reformation that changed people’s ideas and ways of thinking. Reformation has to a large extent, contributed to the changing structure of the society today.
Martin Luther King was a theological professor, a Bible translator, and a writer, He intensively wrote on the marriage foundation and worked hard to reform it as he emphasized it was an institution that was in crisis just like the church and needed to be reformed. He emphasized the importance of marriage by giving his personal example and established these principles as Christian ideals. His work including obeying the dignity of women, greatly altered homes. Luther together with other marriage reformers upheld marriage as a spiritual bond and upon more research endorsed genuine divorce and remarriage. “Christ permits divorce for adultery and compels none to remain unmarried thereafter; and St. Paul would rather have us remarry than burn now with lust and later in hell”. Protestants allowed couples to divorce and remarry if all efforts of putting the marriage together were exhausted while the Catholics were slow into responding to these theological innovations of the reformers (Harbison 96). This resulted into couples moving into Protestant areas to fight for their rights. Reformers empowered women to divorce their abusive husbands, practices that are still seen in the modern society today. This caused division of Christianity into Protestants and Catholics destroying the religious unity in Europe. It came along with new religious and political freedoms that lead to persecutions and wars. However, this transformation came out more positive with the flourishing culture seen today combined with spiritually minded people of intellect.
The modern science originates from reformation. According to Bacon (19), research was important as it expressed the power of God and therefore it was an obligation of a man to explore the world. According to Kepler, “Truth in religion is based on the word of God in scripture, while truth in natural science is based on evidence and reason. “He emphasized that science like astronomy was just a glimpse of God’s glory. Charles was a founder of modern day computer science. He describes the world as the biggest computer the programmer being God (Schuurman 94).This and many science reformers give a basis for the many upcoming and motivated inventions in the modern world from all branches of human knowledge. The modern education system can be traced back from reformation advocates from religiousgrounds. Greatest universities that are found all over the world were founded by Christians. These Christian universities were meant to serve God by teaching people about God and His creations. Samuel Blumenfeld enlightened himself on Christianity by reading John Calvin’s work of Christian religion. He then came up with the first idea of education for everyone by advocating the necessity of public education on his works.
It is very clear that, the concepts of life we hold today and our purpose in it, are very different from what was believed at the begging of the 19th century. Reformation lingers in everybody’s mind today, and it is the reason for many changes taking place all over the world. Reformation remains to be very important because it justifies the means of living and creates a society that is ample for everyone to live in. It respects all considerations, and its duty is to harmonize them in ways that are acceptable to all.
Bacon, Francis. “THE SCIENTIFIC REFORMATION IN EARLY MODERN
EUROPE.” Hubris and Hybrids: A Cultural History of Technology and Science (2013): 19.
Harbison, E. Harris. The Age of Reformation. Cornell University Press, 2013.
Schuurman, Derek C. Shaping a digital world: Faith, culture and computer
technology. InterVarsity Press, 2013.