The New Deal and the Great society was an initiatives propagated by two American presidents, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson respectively, both were democrats. A careful comparison of the two programs is important while determining the key reasons behind its implementation, while discussing issues such as depression and prosperity.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected president after the great depression in 1930. During his campaigns he had promised for a New Deal, an initiative focussing on recovery of the economy after the depression, reforming the financial sector and reducing the unemployment ratio. The New Deal led to enactment of various laws on the major issues, such as, banking reform was achieved through Banking Act of 1933, agricultural (The Agricultural Adjustment Act) and work reforms. The second Deal revamped the labour sector, led to enactment of the Wagner Act, and the Social Security Act. In the end, the Deal alleviated citizens from suffering as a consequence of the depression and re-affirmed federal government job in framing social and economic issues.
On the other hand, the Great Society was an initiative fronted by Lyndon Johnson who wanted to end racial injustices and reduce poverty. The initiative saw revamping in education, medical care and food programs. The initiatives were achieved through the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that reduced housing segregation and job discrimination. The Food Stamp Act of 1964 that expanded funding in social security. The Medicaid programs and Medicare ensured that all person of all ages accessed health facilities and medicine.
In a conclusion, although the two initiatives used government programs to improve social welfare, such as affordable housing and government program. The Great society agitated for prosperous society through protection of civil liberties and individual welfare of the citizens